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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 8. (ed. Frank Moore) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 150 AD or search for 150 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Abe'rcius, St. (*)Abe/rkios), the supposed successor of St. Papias in the see of Hierapolis. flourished A. D. 150. Works There are ascribed to him, 1. An Epistle to the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, of which Baronius speaks as extant, but he does not produce it. 2. A Book of Discipline (bi/blos didaskali/as) addressed to his Clergy; this too is lost. Further Information See Illustr. Eccles. Orient. Script. Vitae, à P. Halloix. Duac. 1636. [A.J
empire. From this time Arrian assumed the praenomen Flavius. In A. D. 136, he was appointed praefect of Cappadocia, which was invaded, the year after, by the Alani or Massagetae. He defeated them in a decisive battle, and added to his reputation of a philosopher that of a brave and skilful general. (D. C. 69.15.) Under Antoninus Pius, the successor of Hadrian, Arrian was promoted to the consulship, A. D. 146. In his later years he appears to have withdrawn from public life, and from about A. D. 150, he lived in his native town of Nicomedeia, as priest of Demeter and Persephone (Phot. p. 73b.), devoting himself entirely to study and the composition of historical works. He died at an advanced age in the reign of M. Aurelius. Dio Cassius is said to have written a life of Arrian shortly after his death, but no part of it has come down to us. (Suid. s. v. *Di/wn.) Works 1. *Diatribai\ *)Epikth/tou Arrian was one of the most active and best writers of his time. He seems to have percei
Gallica'nus a rhetorician mentioned by Fronto (p. 128, ed. Niebuhr), where, however, A. Mai remarks that the word Gallicanus may be a mere adjective to designate a rhetorician of Gaul, and that Fronto may allude to Favorinus, the Gallic sophist of Arles. Whether Mai is right or not cannot be decided, but the Squilla Gallicanus to whom one of Fronto's letters (Ad Amic. 1.28, p. 207, ed. Niebuhr) is addressed, must, at all events, be a different person. The latter is mentioned in the Fasti as consul, in A. D. 127, in the reign of Hadrian. Whether this M. Squilla Gallicanus, again, is the same as the one who occurs in the Fasti as consul in A. D. 150, is uncertain, as under the latter date the Fasti are incomplete, and have only the name Gallicanus. [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Justi'nus Martyr (search)
s written previously, and probably early in that year. Eusebius places it in the fourth year of Antoninus, or the first year of the 230th Olympiad, A. D. 141, which is rather too late. Others contend for a later date still. Justin himself, in the course of the work (100.46), states that Christ was born a hundred and fifty years before he wrote, but he must be understood as speaking in round numbers. However,Tillemont, Grabe, Fleury, Ceillier, Maran, and others, fix the date of the work in A. D. 150. To this Apology of Justin are commonly subjoined three documents. (1.) *)Adrianou= u(pe\r *Xristianw=n e)pistolh/, Adriani pro Christianis Epistola, or Exemplum Epistolae Imperatoris Adriani ad Minucium Fundanum, Proconsulem Asiae. This Greek version of the emperor's letter was made and is given by Eusebius (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 4.9.) Justin had subjoined to his work the Latin original (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 4.8), which probably is still preserved by Rufinus in his version of Eusebius, for whi
Numisia'nus *Noumisiano/s, (written also *Noumesiano/s, *Noumhsiano/s, or *Nomisiano/s, but more frequently in the first of these forms), an eminent physician at Corinth, whose lectures (Galen attended about A. D. 150, having gone to Corinth for that express purpose (Galen, de Anat. Admuin. 1.1, vol. ii. p. 217). He was, according to Galen (l.c.), the most celebrated of all the pupils of Quintus, and one of the tutors to Pelops (id. Comment. in Hippocr. " De Not. Hom." 2.6. vol. xv. p. 136), and distinguished himself especially by his anatomical knowledge. He wrote a commentary on the "Aphorisms" of Hippocrates (id. Comment. in Hippocr. " De Humor." 1.24, vol. xvi. p. 197, Comment. in Hippocr. " Aphor." 4.69, 5.44, vol. xvii. pt. ii. pp. 751, 837), which appears to have been well thought of in Galen's time. He is also mentioned by Galen, de Ord. Libror. suor. vol. xix. p. 57, and de Anat. Admin. 8.2, vol. ii. p. 660, and bk. xiv. (in MS. Arabic translation in the Bodleian library). [
Pelops (*Pe/loy). 1. A physician of Smyrna, in Lydia. in the second century after Christ, celebrated for his anatomiical knowledge. He was a pupil of Numisianus (Galen, Comment. in Hippocr. "De Nat. Hom." 2.6. vol. xv. p. 136), and one of Galen's earliest tutors, who went to Smyrna, and resided in his house for some time, on purpose to attend his lectures and those of the Platonic philosopher Albinus, about A. D. 150. (De Anat. Admin. 1.1, vol. ii. p. 217, De Atra Bile, 100.3, vol. v.p. 112, De Locis Affect. 3.11, vol. viii. p. 194, De Libris Propriis, 100.2, and De Ord. Libror. suor, vol. xix. pp. 16, 17, 57.) He wrote a work entitled *(Ippokra/teiai *Ei)sagwgai/, Introductiones Hippocraticae, consisting of at least three books (Galen, De Muscul. Dissect. init. vol. xviii. pt. ii. p. 926), in the second of which he maintained that the brain was the origin not only of the nerves, but also of the veins and arteries, though in another of his works he considered the veins to arise fro
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ttle diminution of his fame as a mathematician would be well compensated by so splendid an addition to his experimental character as the credit of a true theory of refraction. But the question is, how stands the fact ? and for our own parts, we cannot but suspend our opinion. We now come to speak of Ptolemy as an astronomer, and of the contents of the Almagest. And with his name we must couple that of his great predecessor, Hipparchus. The latter was alive at B. C. 150, and the former at A. D. 150, which is of easy remembrance. From the latter labours of Ilipparchus to the earlier ones of Ptolemy, it is from 250 to 260 years. Between the two there is nothing to fill the gap : we cannot construct an intermediate school out of the names of Geminus, Poseidonius, Theodosius, Sosigenes, Hyginus, Manilius, Seneca, Menelaus, Cleomedes, &c. : and we have no others. We must, therefore, regard Ptolemy as the first who appreciated Hipparchus, and followed in his steps. This is no small merit i
A. D. 140-155. (Comp. Euseb. Chron. and Hieron., s. a. 2159.) Some writers assign to him an earlier date, chiefly on the authority of the tradition, preserved by Clemens Alexandrinus (Strom. vii. p. 764), that he had heard Theodas, a disciple of St. Paul : hence Cave places him at the year A. D. 120. The two opinions may be reconciled by supposing, with Clinton, that Valentinus did not begin to propagate his heresy till late in life; and, supposing him to have been seventy years of age in A. D. 150, the first year of Anicetus, he would be twenty-five in A. D. 105, when it was quite possible that a disciple of St. Paul might be still alive. (Clinton, Fast. Rom. s. aa. 140, 144.) Valentinus was one of the boldest and most influential heresiarchs of the Gnostic sect. A minute account of his doctrines, into which it is not consistent with the plan of this work to enter, will be found in the works quoted below : perhaps, for general readers, the brief but clear exposition of Valentinian
Vetus 10. Antistius Vetus, consul under Antoninus Pius, A. D. 150, with Gallicanus. (Fasti; Cod. 2. tit. 13. s. 1.)