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ific Ocean might yet be threaded among the icebergs Chap. III.} and northern islands of America. On Frobisher, consult the original accounts of Hall, Settle, Ellis, and Best, with R. Hakluyt's instructions, in Hak. III. 52—129. While Frobisher was thus attempting to obtain wealth and fame on the north-east coast of America, the western limits of the territory of the United States became known. Embarking on a voyage in quest of fortune, Francis Drake acquired immense treasures as 1577 to 1580. a freebooter in the Spanish harbors on the Pacific, and, having laden his ship with spoils, gained for himself enduring glory by circumnavigating the globe. But before following in the path which the ship of Magellan had thus far alone dared to pursue, Drake determined to explore the north-western coast of America, in the hope of discovering the strait which connects the oceans. With this view, he crossed the equator, sailed beyond the peninsula of California, and followed the continent to
s the climes which are included within their limits. Before Virginia could complete its settlements, and confirm its claims to jurisdiction over the country north of the Potomac, a new government was erected, on a foundation as extraordinary as its results were benevolent. Sir George Calvert had early become interested in colonial establishments in America. A native of Yorkshire, Fuller's Worthies, 201. educated at Oxford, Wood's Athenae Oxonienses, 522, 523. with a mind enlarged by 1580. extensive travel, on his entrance into life befriended by Sir Robert Cecil, advanced to the honors of knighthood, and at length employed as one of the two secre- 1619. taries of state, Stow, edition of 1631 p. 1031. he not only secured the consideration of his patron and his sovereign, Winwood, II. 58, and III. 318 and 337. but the good opinion of the world. He was chosen by a disputed major- 1621. ity to represent in parliament his native county of Yorkshire. Debates of 1620 and