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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK II., CHAPTER V. (search)
flows into and forms part of the
Sea of Sicily, is now included under the latter name. The
sea opposite to the Syrtes and the Cyrenaic is called the Libyan Sea; it extends as far as the Sea of Egypt.
The Lesser SyrtesThe Gulf of Cabes. is about 1600 stadia in circumference.
On either side of its mouth lie the islands of MeninxThe Island of Gerbi. and
Kerkina.The Island of Kerkeni. The Greater SyrtesSidra, or Zalscho. is (according to Eratosthenes)
5000 stadia in circuit, and in depth 1800, Fars. Carmania,Kerman. Upper Gedrosia,Upper Mekran
At Ptolemais in Phœnicia,S. Jean d' Acre. and at SidonSeide. and Tyre,Tsur.
the longest day consists of fourteen hours and a quarter. These
cities are north of Alexandria by about 1600 stadia, and
north of Carthage about 700. In the Peloponnesus, and about
the middle of Rhodes, at XanthusEksenide. in Lycia, or a little to the south of this place, and at 400 stadia south of Syracuse,Siragusa. the
longest day consists of fourte
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK III., CHAPTER I. (search)
from the Sacred Promontory. This is the most western point
not only of Europe, but of the whole habitable earth. For
the habitable earth is bounded to the west by two continents,
namely, the extremities of Europe and Libya,Africa. which are inhabited respectively by the Iberians and the Maurusians.The Mauritanians. But
the Iberian extremity, at the promontoryCape St. Vincent. we have mentioned,
juts out beyond the other as much as 1500 stadia.Cape St. Vincent is about 1600 stadia west of Cape Spartel in Africa.
Strabo imagined that beyond this cape the African coast inclined to the
south-east. In reality it advances eleven degrees and a half farther west
to Cape Verd, which is 8° 29′ west of Cape St. Vincent. The region adjacent to this cape they call in the Latin tongue Cu-
neum,Herodotus is the first who speaks of a people of Iberia, to whom he
gives the name of Kunh/sioi or Ku/uhtes: he describes them as inhabiting
the most western part of Europe
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK III., CHAPTER IV. (search)
to the Sacred Promontory, or Cape St. Vincent. is above
2000 stadia, and they say that from Mount Calpe,The rock of Gibraltar. which is
near the Pillars, to New Carthage,Carthagena. there are 2200 stadia.
This coast is inhabited by the Bastetani, also called the Bastuli, and in part by the Oretani. ThenceViz. from Carthagena. to the Ebro the
distance is nearly as great. This [region] is inhabited by
the Edetani. On this side the Ebro to the Pyrenees and the
Trophies of Pompey there are 1600 stadia. It is peopled by
a small portion of the Edetani, and the rest by a people named
the Indicetes, divided into four cantons.
Commencing our particular description from Calpe,
there is [first] the mountain-chain of Bastetania and the
Oretani. This is covered with thick woods and gigantic trees,
and separates the sea-coast from the interior. In many places
it also contains gold and other mines. The first city along
the coast is Malaca,Malaga. which is about as far distant fr
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER III. (search)
a.Groskurd identifies this with Palanka.
Those who dwell on the spot say that the city is but 120
stadia up the river. The island of LeuceGroskurd calls this Ilan-Adassi, or Schlangeninsel. Gossellin likewise translates Ilan-Adassi as Isle of Serpents. is distant from the
river's mouth a course of 500 stadia; it is quite in the sea,
and is sacred to Achilles.
Next is the Dnieper,The ancient Borysthenes. a river navigable to the distance
of 600Gossellin considers that Strabo wrote 1600 stadia, for at that distance
from the sea there are cataracts which stop the ships that come from
the sea. stadia, and near to it another river, the Bog,Strabo's word is (/Upanis. Gossellin observes that we should look
for the (/Upanis to the east of the Dnieper, while the Bog lies to the west
of that river. and an islandGossellin identifies this island with the modern Berezan. lying before the mouth of the Dnieper, which possesses a haven. After sailing up the BorysthenesNow the Dnieper.
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XI., CHAPTER VIII. (search)
tely with known ruins. It has
been supposed that Damgham corresponds best with this place; but
Damgham is too near the Pylee Caspiæ: on the whole it is probable that
any remains of Hecatompylos ought to be sought in the neighbourhood
of a place now called Jah Jirm. Smith, art. Hecatompylos.1960
To AlexandreiaNow Herat, the capital of Khorassan. See Smith, art. Aria Civitas. in the country of the Arii (Ariana)4530
Thence to ProphthasiaZarang. in DrangaSigistan. (or according to others 1500）1600
Thence to the city ArachotiUlan Robât, but see Smith, art. Arachotus.4120
Thence to Ortospana on the three roads from BactraBalkh. See Smith.2000
Thence to the confines of India1000
Which together amount to15,300The sum total is 15,210 stadia, and not 15,300 stadia. This latter
sum total is to be found again in b. xv. c. ii. § 8, but the passage there
referred to has served to correct a still greater error in the reading of
this chapter, viz. 15,500. Corrections of the text have be
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XIV., CHAPTER I. (search)
e the Samian territory, and forms
towards it, beyond the promontory Trogilium,Cape Santa Maria. a strait of
above 7 stadia in width. Priene is called by some writers
Cadme, because Philotus, its second founder, was a Bœotian.
Bias, one of the seven wise men, was a native of Priene, of
whom Hipponax uses this expression;
More just in pleadings than Bias of Priene.
In front of Trogilium lies an island of the same name.
Thence, which is the nearest way, is a passage across to
Sunium of 1600 stadia. At the commencement of the voyage,
on the right hand are Samos, Icaria, and the Corsiæ islands;The Furni islands.
on the left, the Melantian rocks.Stapodia. The remainder of the
voyage lies through the middle of the Cyclades islands. The
promontory Trogilium itself may be considered as a foot of
the mountain Mycale. Close to Mycale is another mountain,
the Pactyas, belonging to the Ephesian territory, where the
From Trogilium to Samos are 40 stadia. Both t
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XIV., CHAPTER VI. (search)
aveller on land proceeding from east to west,
is 1400 stadia.
The Cleides are two small islands lying in front of Cyprus
on the eastern side, at the distance of 700 stadia from the
The Acamas is a promontory with two paps, and upon it
is a large forest. It is situated at the western part of the
island, but extends towards the north, approaching very near
Selinus in Cilicia Tracheia, for the passage across is only
1000 stadia; to Side in Pamphylia the passage is 1600 stadia,
and to the Chelidoniæ (islands) 1900 stadia.
The figure of the whole island is oblong, and in some places
on the sides, which define its breadth, there are isthmuses.
We shall describe the several parts of the island briefly, beginning from the point nearest to the continent.
We have said before, that opposite to Anemyrium, a
promontory of Cilicia Tracheia, is the extremity of Cyprus,
namely, the promontory of Crommyon,Kormakiti. at the distance of 350
From the cape, ke
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XV., CHAPTER III. (search)
to be omitted. See b. ii. c i. § 26. We read with Groskurd Media for Caspian Gates in the text: and insert 9000 stadia, here from b. ii. c. i. § 26, and, following the same authority, 3000 for 2000 stadia in the text below. is about 8000, or, including some projecting promontories, 9000 stadia; the remainder (from Media) to the Caspian Gates is not more than 3000 stadia. The breadth in the
interior of the country from Susa to Persepolis is 4200 stadia,
and thence to the borders of Carmania 1600 stadia more.
The tribes inhabiting this country are those called the Pateischoreis, the Achæmenidæ, and Magi; these last affect a sedate mode of life; the Curtii and Mardi are robbers, the rest
Susis also is almost a part of Persis. It lies between Persis and Babylonia, and has a very considerable city, Susa.
For the Persians and Cyrus, after the conquest of the Medes,
perceiving that their own country was situated towards the
extremities, but Susis more towards the inte
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XVII., CHAPTER I. (search)
ebira or Marsa Sollom. to Parætonium is a run of 900
stadia for a vessel in a direct course. There is a city and a
large harbour of about 40 stadia in extent, by some called the
city Parætonium,Baretoun, or Berek-Marsa. Alexander, after passing 1600 stadia
through that part of the desert where water was to be found to Parætonium, then turned inland to visit the oracle of Ammon. Arrian, b. iii. § 3 by others, Ammonia. Between these is
the village of the Egyptians, and the promontory Ænesisphtificial
construction, but was inferior to it in size, the sides of the base being
a stadium each in length.
On the greater pyramid is an inscription which states the amount expended on herbs and radishes for the workmen, and it informs us that
1600 talents were paid for this purpose.
The lesser pyramid bears no inscription, and it has an ascent formed
in it through an opening in one of the sides. But although the kings
built these pyramids for their own tombs, yet it has so happened that
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XVII., CHAPTER III. (search)
ttle Syrtis.Gulf of Cabes. There are many
small cities in the intervening parts, which are not worthy of
notice. At the entrance of the Syrtis, a long island stretches
parallel to the coast, called Cercinna; it is of considerable
size, with a city of the same name; there is also another
smaller island Cercinnitis.
Close, in the neighbourhood (of these islands), is the
Little Syrtis, which is also called the Syrtis Lotophagitis (or
the lotus-eating Syrtis). The circuit of this gulf is 1600, and
the breadth of the entrance 600 stadia; at each of the promontories which form the entrance and close to the mainland
is an island, one of which, just mentioned, is Cercinna, and the
other Meninx;Jerba or Zerbi. It produced the lotus-zizyphus or the carob
now common in the islands of the Mediterranean and on the continent. they are nearly equal in size. Meninx is
supposed to be the land of the lotus-eatersOd. ix. 84. mentioned by
Homer. Certain tokens (of this) are shown, such as a