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The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman), Harvard University in its relations to the city of Cambridge. (search)
nt area of the city, according to Paige, the historian of Cambridge, being about four and one-half square miles (2880 acres). The land now held by the President and Fellows has been acquired as a result of 107 separate negotiations, extending from 1638 to the present day. The following table shows the nature of these transactions; but in this table no account is made of transactions which did not relate to land now in possession of the university— 54separate purchases. 7separate re-purchaseso streets, and takings by the town or city. The College Yard—as the inclosure between Massachusetts Avenue and Broadway, Peabody Street and Quincy Street is called—was acquired in twelve parcels in the course of two centuries, that is, between 1638 and 1835. The delta on which Memorial Hall stands was bought in two parcels between 1786 and 1816, one of these parcels having been procured in one of the College Yard transactions. After these purchases were made, Cambridge Street and Broadway <
s in 1650, is still in force unaltered. The direct grants of money made by the Legislature of Massachusetts to Harvard College between 1636 and 1785 amounted to $116,000. In 1814, the Legislature granted $10,000 a year for ten years. Between 1638 and 1724 the town of Cambridge repeatedly gave land to the College. In common with other Massachusetts institutions of education, religion, and charity, the University enjoys exemption from taxation on its personal property, and on real estate occupied for its own purposes. Beginning with John Harvard in 1638, private benefactors have given to the University in land, buildings, and money at least $11,000,000. The principal objects of permanent endowment have been as follows— 1. Instruction and research. (a. Professorships. b. Observatories, laboratories, and workshops.) 2. Collections. (Libraries, Museums, Gardens, and Arboretum.) 3. Aid for Students. (Scholarships, Fellowships, and other aids.) 4. Prizes. (For es
1, the intention was to make it the fortified political centre of the colony. It speedily became instead an important residential and intellectual centre. A writer in 1637 pictures it with artless exaggeration as one of the neatest towns in New England, with many fair structures and handsome contrived streets. The inhabitants, most of them, he adds, were very rich. We know from other sources that many of them had scholarly tastes. Moreover, Harvard College was founded in 1636, opened in 1638, and its first class of nine young men was graduated in 1642. In the work of fitting boys for Harvard, Cambridge would naturally have had an early and prominent share. It chimes in with this theory of an earlier school that Mr. Corlett, when we first hear of him in 1643, was already in the possession of an established reputation as a teacher; he had very well approved himself for his abilities, dexterity and painfulnesse. His schoolhouse— the first one especially built for him in 1648, not
ed. He found his way to the place, and was so deeply impressed that he resolved to live and die with the ministers of New England. The town and church acquired special prominence when in the same year in which the church was formed the General Court agreed to give four hundred pounds, equal to a year's rate of the whole colony, a grant of fifty cents from each of the four thousand inhabitants, towards a school or college. The next year it was ordered that the college should be here, and in 1638 the college was opened, and Newtown became Cambridge. The college was founded here because this was a pleasant and convenient place, and the town was under the orthodox and soulflourish-ing ministry of Mr. Thomas Shepheard. The college was meant to serve the churches, and to give them a learned ministry when the first ministers should lie in the dust. The ministers of the church had a constant influence in shaping the life of the college; and the presence of the college, with its teachers
nies was done in Cambridge, and is described in the following extracts from an address made to the members of the Citizens' Trade Association, in 1894, by the late Henry 0. Houghton. Hon. H. O. Houghton's address. The first printing in the English-speaking colonies of this country was done here in Cambridge. The history of its progress is very interesting. A clergyman by the name of Glover left England with a printing-press, two or three workmen, and his family, for this country in 1638. He died on the passage, and the press was set up in January, 1639, in the house of the first president of Harvard College, Henry Dunster. This president was a man with an eye to the main chance, and he secured possession of the press by marrying the widow of the man who started from England with it, and he retained possession of it for many years. Some years afterwards, when the son of this widow had grown up, he brought suit for the recovery of the press. The president filed an account