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e south abutment. This bridge, as will be hereinafter shown, was both rude and weak in its construction, in need of frequent repairs, and, from the peculiar circumstances connected with its care and maintenance, a source of constant annoyance, not only to the inhabitants of Medford, but also to the inhabitants of the neighboring towns, as well as to the Great and General Court. All printed authorities have heretofore fixed the date of the commencement of this bridge as being in the year 1638. On a plan of Governor Winthrop's Ten Hills farm, dated the 8th month (October), 1637, is shown a bridge across Mistick river at the place now occupied by the present bridge; there is a singular fact connected with the location of this bridge, which would seem to indicate that if not commenced earlier than the year 1637 (as we believe it to have been) it was at least in contemplation as early as the year 1631. It was in that year that Governor Winthrop received the grant of land known as
ing also lost or destroyed, information concerning the early roads of Medford is scant and most unsatisfactory. Some information can, however, be gathered from the remaining county records, the records of other towns, and from deeds. Salem street is shown upon a map supposed to have been made in the year 1633, and Main street and the Menotomy road (Broadway) on one made in 1637 (see Historical Register for October, 1898, pages 120 and 122). Salem street was spoken of as early as the year 1638, by the several names of Salle path, Salem path, Salem highway, The way to Mistick, and Salem path to Mistick Ford. A portion of High street was also spoken of in the same year as the Ware highway, and later as The way to the Wears. The River road (a part of Riverside avenue) was referred to in a deed dated 1657 as The common Highway leading from the Mansion House (Wellington) unto Charlestown Commons and Meadford House. It may, therefore, be confidently asserted that Salem and Main stre