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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bogardus, Everardus, 1633- (search)
t the wedding feast, after the fourth or fifth round of drinking, he made a liberal subscription himself to the church find. and requested the other guests, to do the same. All the company, with light heads and glad hearts, vied with each other in subscribing richly : and some of them, after they returned home, well repented it, but were not excused. John and Richard Ogden. of Stamford, Conn., were employed to build the church, in which Bogardus officiated about four years. When Kieft, in 1643. was about to make war on the Indians, Bogardus, who had been invited to the council, warned him in warm words against his rashness. Two years later he shared with the people in disgust of the governor; and he boldly denounced him, as he had Van Twiller, from the pulpit, charging him with drunkenness and rapacity, and said, What are the great men of the country but vessels of wrath and fountains of woe and trouble? They think of nothing but to plunder the property of others, to dismiss,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Calvert, Leonard (search)
olonists as intruders. He was driven away, and his property was confiscated. But he was a thorn in the side of the proprietor for a long time. Governor Calvert tried to carry out the grand design of the proprietor to establish a feudal nobility with hereditary titles and privileges, the domain for the purpose being divided into manorial estates of 2,000 and 3,000 acres each, but the provisions of the charter fortunately prevented such a consummation of Lord Baltimore's order. governor Calvert went to England in 1643, and during his absence for nearly a year much trouble ensued in the colony, for Claiborne, with Capt. Richard Ingle, harassed the settlement at St. Mary's. Civil war ensued (1645), and Governor Calvert was expelled from Maryland, and took refuge in Virginia. Finally, Calvert returned from Virginia with a military force, took possession of Kent Island, and re-established proprietary Tights over all the province of Maryland. He died June 9, 1647. See Baltimore, Lords.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut (search)
54,882 soldiers, of whom 1,094 men and ninety-seven officers were killed in action, 666 men and forty-eight officers died from wounds, and 3,246 men and sixty-three officers from disease. There were reported missing 389 men and twenty-one officers. Population in 1890, 746,258; in 1900, 908,355. Governors of the Connecticut colony Name.Date. John Haynes1639 to 1640 Edward Hopkins1640 to 1641 John Haynes1641 to 1642 George Wyllys1642 to 1643 John Haynes alternately from Edward Hopkins1643 to 1655 Thomas Welles1655 to 1656 John Webster1656 to 1657 John Winthrop1657 to 1658 Thomas Welles1658 to 1659 John Winthrop1659 to 1665 Until this time no person could be elected to a second term immediately following the first. Governors of the New Haven colony Name.Date. Theophilus Eaton1639 to 1657 Francis Newman1658 to 1660 William Leete1661 to 1665 Governors of Connecticut Name.Date John Winthrop1665 to 1676 William Leete1676 to 1683 Robert Treat1683 to 1687 Edmun
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cromwell, Oliver 1599- (search)
ther's death next year, and in 1620 married a daughter of Sir James Bourchier, when his manner of life changed, and he became an earnest Christian worker for good, praying, preaching, and exhorting among the Puritans. He became a member of Parliament in 1628, and always exercised much influence in that body. He was a radical in opposition to royalty in the famous Long Parliament. When the civil war began he became one of the most active of the men in the field, and was made a colonel in 1643 under the Earl of Essex, the parliamentary lord-general. He raised a cavalry regiment, and excited in them and other troops which he afterwards led the religious zeal of the Puritans, and directed it with force against royalty. That regiment became the most famous in the revolutionary army. After the death of the King he resolved to become sole ruler of England. He had effected the prostration of the monarchy, not from ambitious, but from patriotic motives; but in his efforts Oliver Cr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Delaware, (search)
ed to guard some obstructions in the river there. Other formidable obstructions were placed in the river below forts Mifflin and Mercer, in the form of chevaux-de-frise—sunken crates of stones, with heavy spears of iron-pointed timber, to receive and pierce the bows of vessels. Besides these, there were floating batteries on the river. See Mercer, Fort; Mifflin, Fort. Governors of Delaware: under the Swedes. Name.Date. Peter Minuit1638 to 1640 Peter Hollender1640 to 1642 Johan Printz1643 to 1652 Johan Pappegoia.1653 to 1654 Johan C. Rising1654 to 1655 under the Dutch. Peter Stuyvesant 1655 to 1664 governors of Delaware: English colonial. From 1664 up to 1682, under the government of New York; and from 1683 up to 1773, under the proprietary government of Pennsylvania. State. Name.Date. John McKinley1776 to 1777 Caesar Rodney1778 to 1781 John Dickinson1782to 1783 John Cook1783 Nicholas Van Dyke1784 to 1786 Thomas Collins1786 to 1789 Joshua Clayton1789 to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal Union, the John Fiske (search)
the American Union has not been solved without much toil and trouble. The great puzzle of civilization—how to secure permanent concert of action without sacrificing independence of action—is a puzzle which has taxed the ingenuity of Americans as well as of older Aryan peoples. In the year 1788 when our federal union was completed, the problem had already occupied the minds of American statesmen for a century and a half—that is to say, ever since the English settlement of Massachusetts. In 1643 a New England confederation was formed between Massachusetts and Connecticut, together with Plymouth, since merged in Massachusetts, and New Haven, since merged in Connecticut. The confederation was formed for defence against the French in Canada, the Dutch on the Hudson River, and the Indians. But owing simply to the inequality in the sizes of these colonies— Massachusetts more than outweighing the other three combined—the practical working of this confederacy was never very successful.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibbons, Edward 1629-1654 (search)
Gibbons, Edward 1629-1654 Colonist; born in England; came to America in 1629 and settled in Boston; became sergeant-major of the Suffolk regiment in 1644; was major-general of militia in 1649-50. He was a member of the commission of 1643 to establish the confederation of the Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven colonies. He died in Boston, Mass., Dec. 9, 1654.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hoboken, massacre at. (search)
Hoboken, massacre at. The river Indians, or those dwelling on the borders of the Hudson, were tributary to the powerful Mohawks. In the midwinter of 1643, a large party of the latter came down to collect by force of arms tribute which had not been paid. The river Indians, 500 in number, fled before the invaders, and took refuge, with their wives and children, among the Hackensacks at Hoboken, opposite Manhattan Island, where they asked the protection of the Dutch. At the same time many of the tribe in lower Westchester fled to Manhattan and took refuge with the Hollanders. The humane De Vries, who had a settlement on Staten Island, proposed to Governor Kieft to make this an occasion for establishing a permanent peace with the Indians, whose anger his cruelties had fearfully aroused. But the man of blood refused; and it was made the occasion of spilling more innocent blood. On a cold night in February, 1643, the fugitives at Hoboken, and those on Manhattan, slumbering in fan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hopkins, Edward 1600- (search)
England, in 1600; was a successful merchant in London, and, being much attached to John Davenport (q. v.), came with him to America, in 1637, and accompanied him to the banks of the Quinnipiac and assisted in the preliminary work of founding the New Haven colony. He went to Hartford, where he was chosen governor in 1639, and ruled the Connecticut colony from 1640 to 1654, alternately, every other year, with John Haynes (q. v.). On the death of his elder brother, Mr. Hopkins returned to England, where he became warden of the fleet, commissioner of the admiralty, and member of Parliament. In 1643 Mr. Hopkins aided in forming the New England Confederacy, and he never lost his interest in the colonies. At his death, in London, March, 1657, he bequeathed much of his estate to New England institutions of learning—for the support of grammar schools in Hartford and New Haven, which are still kept up. He also left a donation of £ 500, which, by a decree in chancery, went to Harvard Colle
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), James, Thomas 1592-1678 (search)
James, Thomas 1592-1678 Clergyman; born in England in 1592; graduated at Cambridge in 1614; emigrated to the United States in 1632, where he became the first pastor of the church in Charlestown, Mass. In consequence of dissension he removed to New Haven and subsequently to Virginia, but was obliged to leave Virginia as he refused to conform to the English Church. He returned to New England in 1643, but went back to England, where he became pastor of a church in Needham till 1662, when he was removed for non-conformity after the accession of Charles II. He died in England in 1678. Navigator; born in England about 1590. In 1631 he was sent out by an association at Bristol to search for a northwest passage. With twenty-one men, in the ship Henrietta Maria (named in honor of the Queen), he sailed May 3. On June 29 he spoke the ship of Capt. Luke Fox, who had been sent on the same errand by the King, and furnished with a letter to the Emperor of Japan, if he should find tha
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