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Savage. The sovereignty of Charles had ever been mildly exercised. The condition of contending parties in England had 1643 Mar. now given to Virginia an opportunity of legislation Chap. VI.} 1643. independent of European control; and the volun1643. independent of European control; and the voluntary act of the assembly, restraining religious liberty, adopted from hostility to political innovation, rather than from a spirit of fanaticism, or respect to instructions, proves conclusively the attachment of the representatives of Virginia to theortance to religious sects: to tolerate Puritanism was to nurse a republican party. It was, therefore, specially ordered 1643 Mar that no minister should preach or teach, publicly or privately, except in conformity to the constitutions of the churcs was prepared by the vindictive ferocity of the natives, with whom a state of hostility had been of long continuance. In 1643, it was enacted by the assembly, that no terms of peace should be entertained with the Indians; whom it was usual to distr
d as a felony. Bacon, 1649, c. III. VI. A regulation of intercourse with the natives was the surest preventive of war; the wrongs of an individual were ascribed to the nation; the injured savage, ignorant of peaceful justice, panted only for revenge; and thus the obscure villany of some humble ruffian, whom the government would willingly punish for his out- Chap. VII.} rages, might involve the colony in the horrors of savage warfare. But the restless Clayborne, urged, perhaps, by the 1643 to 1646. conviction of having been wronged, and still more by the hope of revenge, proved a far more dangerous enemy. Now that the civil war in England left nothing to be hoped from royal patronage, he declared for the popular party, and, with the assistance of one Ingle, who obtained sufficient notoriety to be proclaimed a traitor to the king, Bacon's Preface. Chalmers, 217. he was able to promote a 1644. Jan. rebellion. By the very nature of the proprietary frame of government, the l
aw, had ventured to expostulate with the people of Boston on the 1641. wrongs of their mother. But would the Puritan magistrates of that day tolerate an attack on their government? Ibid. II. 39. Severe imprisonment for many months was the punishment inflicted on the young men for their boldness. Rhode Island itself seemed no longer a safe place of refuge; and the whole family removed beyond New Haven into the territory of the Dutch. The violent Kieft had provoked an insurrection among 1643. the Indians; the house of Anne Hutchinson was attacked and set on fire; herself, her son-in-law, and all their family, save one child, perished by the rude weapons of the savages, or were consumed by the flames. Saml. Garton's Defence, 58,59 Winthrop, II. 136. Thus was personal suffering mingled with the peace ful and happy results of the watchfulness or the intolerance of Massachusetts. The legislation of that colony may be reproved for its jealousy, yet not for its cruelty, and Wil
me over; the reformation of church and state, the attain- Chap. X.} 1643. der of Strafford, the impeachment of Laud, the great enemy of Masses. The enlargement of the territory of Massachusetts Chap. X.} 1643. was, in part, a result of the virtual independence which the commot of the gospel in purity and in peace,—these were the motives to the 1643 confederacy, which did, itself, continue nearly half a century, and , II. 101—106. Morton, 229. Hubbard, c. LII. in America Chap. X.} 1643. It was a directory, apparently without any check. There was no pred discontents against the English; and that, in contempt Chap. X.} 1643. of a league, he had plunged into a useless and bloody war,—could no fortunes had met with a succession of untoward events. The patent 1643 April 7 for Lygonia had been purchased by Rigby, a republican memberar an oath, or meet a beggar. New England's First Fruits, printed 1643, p. 23, 26. The consequence was universal health—one of the chief e