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r England. The return voyage lasted but five weeks; June 18. and the expedition was completed in less than four months, during which entire health had prevailed. Gosnold to his father, in Purchas, IV. 1646. Archer's Relation, ibid. IV. 1647—1651. Rosier's Notes, ibid. IV. 1651—1653. Brierston's Relation, in Smith, i. 105—108. Compare, particularly, Belknap's Life of Gosnold, in Am. Biog. II. 100-123. Gosnold and his companions spread the most favorable reports of the regions whic1651—1653. Brierston's Relation, in Smith, i. 105—108. Compare, particularly, Belknap's Life of Gosnold, in Am. Biog. II. 100-123. Gosnold and his companions spread the most favorable reports of the regions which he had visited. Could it be that the voyage was so safe, the climate so pleasant, the country so inviting? The merchants of Bristol, with the ready assent of Raleigh, Purchas, IV. 1614. and at the instance of Richard Hakluyt, the enlightened friend and able documentary historian of these commercial enterprises, a man whose fame should be vindicated and asserted in the land which he helped to colonize, determined to pursue the career of investigation. The Speedwell, a small ship of fif
not long remain doubtful; at the Trinity term of the ensuing year, judgment was given against the treasurer and company, Stith, 329, 330, doubts if judgment were passed. The doubt may be removed. Before the end of the same term, a judgment was declared by the Lord Chief Justice Ley against the company and their charter, only upon a failer, or mistake in pleading. See a Short Collection of the most Remarkable Passages from the Originall to the Dissolution of the Virginia Company; London, 1651, p. 15. See, also, Hazard, l. 191; Chalmers, 62; Proud's Pennsylvania, i. 107 and the patents were cancelled. Thus the company was dissolved. It had fulfilled its high destinies; it had confirmed the colonization of Virginia, and had conceded a liberal form of government to Englishmen in America. It could accomplish Chap V.} 1624 no more. The members were probably willing to escape from a concern which promised no emolument, and threatened an unprofitable strife; the public acquiesced
r of things; Langford's Refutation, 6, 7. and Massachusetts, alike unwilling to encounter the hostility of parliament, and jealous of the rights of independent 1651 May 7. legislation, by its own enactment, prohibited all intercourse with Virginia, till the supremacy of the commonwealth should be established; although the order, when it was found to be injurious to commerce, was promptly repealed, even whilst royalty still triumphed Chap. VI.} 1651. Oct. 14. at Jamestown. Hazard, i. 553 and 558. But would Virginia resist the fleet of the republic? Were its royalist principles so firm, that they would animate the colony to a desperate war with Engthough never averse to a limited monarchy, devised the first act of navigation, which the politic Whitelocke introduced and carried through parliament. Hencefor- 1651. ward, the commerce between England and her colonies, as well as between England and the rest of the world was to be conducted in ships solely owned, and principal
Baltimore; and parliament had already appointed its commissioners. In the ordinance Hazard, i. 636. for the reduction of the rebellious 1650 colonies, Maryland had not been included; if Charles II. had been inconsiderately proclaimed by a temporary officer, the offence had been expiated; McMahon, 203. and, as assurances had been given of the fidelity of Stone to the commonwealth, no measures against his authority were designed. Langford, 6 and 7. Yet the commissioners were in- 1651 Sept. structed to reduce all the plantations within the Bay of the Chesapeake; Thurloe, i. 198. Hazard, i. 557. Hammond, 20, 21. and it must be allowed, that Clayborne might find in the ambiguous phrase, intend- 1652 ed perhaps, to include only the settlements of Virginia, a sufficient warrant to stretch his authority to Maryland. The commissioners accordingly entered the province; and, after much altercation with Stone, depriving him of his commission from Lord Baltimore, Chap. VII.
Yet danger still menaced. The executive council of state in England had granted to Coddington a 1651 April 3. commission for governing the islands; and such a dismemberment of the territory of the nhem to warrant. Hutchinson, i. App. VIII. After the successes of Cromwell in Ireland, he 1651. voluntarily expressed his interest in New England, by offering its inhabitants estates and a set is the happiest and wisest this day in the world. The war between England and Holland hardly 1651 to 1654 disturbed the tranquillity of the colonies. The western settlements, which would have su the eyes of God's people in England. The consistent Sir Henry Vane had urged, that the oppugn- 1651. ers of the Congregational way should not, from its on principles and practice, be taught to root with the liberty and happiness of a commonwealth, began to preach to a small audience Chap X.} 1651. July 20. in Lynn, he was seized by the civil officers. Being compelled to attend with the congr