Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1654 AD or search for 1654 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bellingham, Richard, 1592- (search)
Bellingham, Richard, 1592- Colonial governor; born in England in 1592. Bred a lawyer, he came to America in 1634, and was chosen deputy governor of Massachusetts the next year. He was elected governor, in opposition to Winthrop, in 1641. He was rechosen in 1654, and in 1666, after the death of Governor Endicott, continuing in office the rest of his life. His administration was a somewhat stormy one. Bellingham was so opposed to all innovations in religious matters that he was severe in his conduct towards the Friends, or Quakers. He died Dec. 7, 1672.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bennet, or Bennett, Richard, (search)
Bennet, or Bennett, Richard, Colonial governor; was appointed one of the Virginia commissioners to reconcile Virginia to the administration of Oliver Cromwell in 1651. In 1654 the Maryland royalists, under the instigation of Lord Baltimore, revolted, and intercolonial hostilities followed, resulting in a victory for the Virginians under Governor Bennet. During the night of March 25, 1655, many prisoners were taken, including the royalist Governor Stone. Some of these were afterwards executed.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Delaware, (search)
rmidable obstructions were placed in the river below forts Mifflin and Mercer, in the form of chevaux-de-frise—sunken crates of stones, with heavy spears of iron-pointed timber, to receive and pierce the bows of vessels. Besides these, there were floating batteries on the river. See Mercer, Fort; Mifflin, Fort. Governors of Delaware: under the Swedes. Name.Date. Peter Minuit1638 to 1640 Peter Hollender1640 to 1642 Johan Printz1643 to 1652 Johan Pappegoia.1653 to 1654 Johan C. Rising1654 to 1655 under the Dutch. Peter Stuyvesant 1655 to 1664 governors of Delaware: English colonial. From 1664 up to 1682, under the government of New York; and from 1683 up to 1773, under the proprietary government of Pennsylvania. State. Name.Date. John McKinley1776 to 1777 Caesar Rodney1778 to 1781 John Dickinson1782to 1783 John Cook1783 Nicholas Van Dyke1784 to 1786 Thomas Collins1786 to 1789 Joshua Clayton1789 to 1796 Gunning Bedford1796 to 1797 Daniel Rodgers1797 to 17
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 (search)
in 1525 Cartier sailed up its broad current to the rocky heights of Quebec, and to the rapids above Montreal, which were afterwards named La Chine, in derision of the belief that the adventurers were about to find China. In 1609 Champlain pushed above the rapids and discovered the beautiful lake that bears his name. In 1615 Priest La Caron pushed northward and westward through the wilderness and discovered Lake Huron. In 1635 the Jesuit missionaries founded the Mission St. Mary. In 1654 another priest had entered the wilderness of northern New York and found the salt springs of Onondaga. In 1659-60 French traders and priests passed the winter on Lake Superior and established missions along its shores. Among the earlier discoverers, no name shines out with more brilliancy than that of the Chevalier La Salle. The story of his explorations can scarcely be equalled in romantic interest by any of the stirring tales of the Crusaders. Born of a proud and wealthy family in the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibbons, Edward 1629-1654 (search)
Gibbons, Edward 1629-1654 Colonist; born in England; came to America in 1629 and settled in Boston; became sergeant-major of the Suffolk regiment in 1644; was major-general of militia in 1649-50. He was a member of the commission of 1643 to establish the confederation of the Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven colonies. He died in Boston, Mass., Dec. 9, 1654.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harvard University, (search)
aries; $1,500,000 invested in scientific apparatus; $4,500,000 in grounds and buildings, and $12,614,448 in productive funds; and $1,376,672 in total income. The university occupies over 500 areas in Cambridge and Boston, and has twenty-five buildings, mostly forming a large quadrangle in a college yard of more than 15 acres, ornate structures. See Radcliffe College. Presidents of Harvard. Name.Term of office.Remarks. Rev. Henry Dunster1640 to 1654Forced to resign. Rev. Charles Chauncy1654 to 1672Died in office. Rev. Leonard Hoar1672 to 1675Obliged to resign. Uriah Oakes1675 to 1681Not formally in stalled untill 1680. Rev. John Rogers1682 to 1684Died in office. Rev. Increase Mather1685 to 1701 Rev. Samuel Willard1701 to 1707Vice-president untill his death. Rev. John Leverett1707 to 1724Died in office. Rev. Benj. Wadsworth1725 to 1737Died in office. Rev. Edward Holyoke1737 to 1769Died in office. Rev. Samuel Locke1770 to 1773 Resigned. Rev. Samuel Langdon1774 to 178
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Haynes, John 1633-1654 (search)
Haynes, John 1633-1654 Statesman; born in Copford Hall, Essex, England; accompanied Rev. Edward Hooker to Boston in 1633 and in 1635 was chosen governor of Massachusetts. He was one of the best educated of the early settlers in New England, and possessed the qualities of an able statesman. He went to the valley of the Connecticut with Mr. Hooker in 1636; became one of the most prominent founders of the Connecticut colony; was chosen its first governor, in 1639; and served alternately wifirst governor, in 1639; and served alternately with Edward Hopkins until 1654. Mr. Haynes was one of the five who drew up the written constitution of Connecticut, the first ever framed in America (see Connecticut). He was a man of large estate, spotless purity of character, a friend of civil and religious liberty, and was always performing acts of benevolence. He probably did more for the true interests of Connecticut than any other of the earlier settlers. He died in Hartford, March 1, 1654.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hopkins, Edward 1600- (search)
Hopkins, Edward 1600- Statesman; born in Shrewsbury, England, in 1600; was a successful merchant in London, and, being much attached to John Davenport (q. v.), came with him to America, in 1637, and accompanied him to the banks of the Quinnipiac and assisted in the preliminary work of founding the New Haven colony. He went to Hartford, where he was chosen governor in 1639, and ruled the Connecticut colony from 1640 to 1654, alternately, every other year, with John Haynes (q. v.). On the death of his elder brother, Mr. Hopkins returned to England, where he became warden of the fleet, commissioner of the admiralty, and member of Parliament. In 1643 Mr. Hopkins aided in forming the New England Confederacy, and he never lost his interest in the colonies. At his death, in London, March, 1657, he bequeathed much of his estate to New England institutions of learning—for the support of grammar schools in Hartford and New Haven, which are still kept up. He also left a donation of £ 500,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jamaica, conquest of (search)
Jamaica, conquest of When Cromwell had made peace with the Dutch (1654) he declared war against Spain, and sent a fleet under Admiral Penn and an army under General Venables to attack the Spanish West Indies. Edward Winslow went with the fleet as one of Cromwell's commissioners to superintend the conquered countries. By volunteers from Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands the army was increased to 10,000. Santo Domingo was first attacked. The English were repulsed, and then proceeded to Jamaica, which they easily took possession of, for it was inhabited by only a few of the enervated descendants of old Spanish colonists and some negro slaves. Winslow died at sea soon after the repulse at Santo Domingo, and Sedgwick, of Massachusetts, was put in his place. He framed an instrument of government for Jamaica, having a supreme executive council, of which he was the head. Cromwell, anxious to retain and people the island with subjects of Great Britain, ordered the enlistment in Irel
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jenks, Joseph -1683 (search)
Jenks, Joseph -1683 Inventor; born near London; came to America in 1645, and is supposed to have been the first brassfounder on this continent. On May 6, 1648, he secured a patent from the Massachusetts legislature for a water-mill and for a saw-mill. In 1652 he made the dies, it is said, for the silver coinage—the pine-tree money of that province. In 1654 he made a fire-engine for Boston, and in 1655 he received a patent for an improved method of manufacturing scythes. In 1667 he had an appropriation for the encouragement of wire-drawing. He died in Lynn, Mass., in 1683
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