Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition.. You can also browse the collection for 1654 AD or search for 1654 AD in all documents.

Your search returned 6 results in 3 document sections:

ment, assumed supreme power, as the highest peace-officer in the realm. Cromwell next attempted an alliance with the property of the country. Affecting contempt for the regicide republicans, who, as his accomplices in crime, could not forego his protection, he prepared to espouse the cause of the lawyers, the clergy, and the moneyed interest. Here, too, he was equally unsuccessful, The moneyed interest loves dominion for itself; it submits reluctantly to dominion; and his second parlia- 1654 Sept. to 1655, Jan. 22. ment, chosen on such principles of reform as rejected the rotten boroughs, and, limiting the elective franchise to men of considerable estate, made the house a fair representation of the wealth of the country, was Chap XI.} equally animated by a spirit of stubborn defiance. The parliament first resisted the decisions of the council of Cromwell on the validity of its elections, next vindicated freedom of debate, and, at its third sitting, called in question the basis
sion bestowed, issued writs for an assembly in the name of the king. Burk. ii. 120. The sovereignty over itself, which Virginia had exercised so well, had come to an end. The excitement of the moment favored the friends of royalty; and the first assembly which was elected after the restoration, was composed of landholders and 1664. Cavaliers; men in whose breasts the passions of colonial life had not wholly mastered the attachment to Chap XIV} 1661 English usages. Of the assembly of 1654, not more than two members were elected at the restoration; of the assembly of March, 1660, of which an adjourned meeting was held in October, the last assembly elected during the interruption, only eight were reelected to the first assembly of Charles ii., and, of these eight, not more than five retained their places. Hening, i. 386, 387, and 526—130; ii. 197, &c. 250. New men came upon the theatre of legislation, bring- Mar 12 ing with them new principles. The restoration was, for Virg
Brandywine. To the Swedes this seemed an encroachment; jealousies ensued; and at last, aided by stratagem and immediate 1654. superiority in numbers, Rising, the Swedish governor, overpowered the garrison. The aggression was fatal to the only colony which Sweden had planted. The 1654, 655. metropolis was exhausted by a long succession of wars; the statesmen and soldiers whom Gustavus had edu- Chap. XV.} cated, had passed from the public service; Oxenstiern, after adorning retirement by te. Sweden had ceased to awaken fear or inspire respect; and the Dutch company fearlessly commanded Stuyvesant to revenge 1654 Nov 16. their wrong, to drive the Swedes from the river, or compel their submission. The order was renewed; and in Septemnt. But the people continued to indulge the dream; taxes could not be collected; and the colonists, in their desire that 1654 to 1658. popular freedom might prove more than a vision, listened with complacency to the hope of obtaining English libert