and the most civilized.
One of the six counties was Londonderry, the capital of which, called by the same name, had been sacked and razed during the rebellion.
The city was now rebuilt by a company of adventurers from London, and the county was settled by a colony from Argyleshire in Scotland, who were thenceforth called Scotch-Irish.
Of what stuff these Scottish colonists were made, their after-history amply and gloriously shows.
The colony took root and flourished in Londonderry.
In 1689, the year of the immortal siege, the city was an important fortified town of twenty-seven thousand inhabitants, and the county was proportionally populous and productive.
William of Orange had reached the British throne.
returning from France had landed in Ireland, and was making an effort to recover his lost inheritance.
The Irish Catholics were still loyal to him, and hastened to rally round his banner.
But Ulster was Protestant and Presbyterian; the city of Londonderry was U