s and woods and river, have formed an environment favorable to a love of letters.
The earlier inhabitants prevented the invasion of the town by large manufacturing interests and thus attracted a class of residents that found leisure for more or less cultivation of the arts and sciences and literature.
In the early days the church was the center of literary interest, and most of its ministers have left some printed record behind them.
The Rev. Benjamin Colman, who preached in Medford in 1693, was a model of literary excellence in his sermons.
Rev. Ebenezer Turell, who occupied the Medford pulpit from 1724 to 1778, published a pamphlet on Witchcraft, and A Direction to My People in Relation to the Present Times, which plead for a religion founded on truth and soberness rather than one arising from emotion.
Even more in advance of the times was a discourse in favor of inoculation for smallpox.
In 1741 he published A Memoir of the Life and Death of the Pious and Ingenuous Mrs. Ja