trapies by the Persians at the time when it was taken over by the Macedonians; the Macedonians willingly allowed one part of the country, but unwillingly the other, to change to kingdoms instead of satrapies; and one of these kingdoms they named "Cappadocia Proper" and "Cappadocia near Taurus", and even "Greater Cappadocia," and the other they named "Pontus," though others named it Cappadocia Pontica. As for Greater Cappadocia, we at present do not yet know its administrative divisions,A.D. 17. for after the death of king Archeläus CaesarTiberius Caesar. and the senate decreed that it was a Roman province. But when, in the reign of Archeläus and of the kings who preceded him, the country was divided into ten prefectures, those near the Taurus were reckoned as five in number, I mean Melitene, Cataonia, Cilicia, Tyanitis, and Garsauritis; and Laviansene, Sargarausene, Saravene, Chamanene, and Morimene as the remaining five. The Romans later assigned to the predecessors of Archeläu
eacherously slain,In A.D. 19 by his uncle, Rhescuporis, king of the Bosporus. and she lived in widowhood, because she had children by him; and the eldest of these is now in power.The king of Thrace. As for the sons of Pythodoris, one of themPolemon II. as a private citizen is assisting his mother in the administration of her empire, whereas the otherZenon. has recently been established as king of Greater Armenia. She herself married Archeläus and remained with him to the end;He died in A.D. 17. but she is living in widowhood now, and is in possession not only of the places above mentioned, but also of others still more charming, which I shall describe next.
Sidene and Themiscyra are contiguous to Pharnacia. And above these lies Phanaroea, which has the best portion of Pontus, for it is planted with olive trees, abounds in wine, and has all the other goodly attributes a country can have. On its eastern side it is protected by the Paryadres Mountain, in its length lying parallel to