Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1700 AD or search for 1700 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Beekman, Gerardus, -1728 (search)
Beekman, Gerardus, -1728 Colonial governor; was a member of Leisler's council in 1688 and was condemned with Leisler, but subsequently pardoned. In 1700 he became lieutenant-colonel of a militia regiment under Governor Bellomont. After the removal of Governor Ingoldsby. Beekman was president of the council and acting governor of New York until the arrival of Governor Hunter, in whose council he also served. He died in New York City about 1728.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Calef, Robert (search)
Calef, Robert Author; place and date of birth uncertain; became a merchant in Boston; and is noted for his controversy with Cotton Mather concerning the witchcraft delusion in New England. Mather had published a work entitled Wonders of the invisible world, and Calef attacked the book, the author, and the subject in a publication entitled More wonders of the invisible world. Calef's book was published in London in 1700, and in Salem the same year. About this time the people and magistrates had come to their senses, persecutions had ceased, and the folly of the belief in witchcraft was broadly apparent. Mather, however, continued to write in favor of it, and to give instances of the doings of witches in their midst. Flashy people, wrote Mather, may burlesque these things, but when hundreds of the most sober people, in a country where they have as much mother-wit certainly as the rest of mankind, know them to be true, nothing but the absurd and froward spirit of Sadducism [disb
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Lancey, ÉTienne 1663-1741 (search)
De Lancey, √ČTienne 1663-1741 Merchant; born in Caen, France, Oct. 24, 1663; fled to Holland on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes; and went thence to England and became a British subject. He landed in New York, June 7, 1686; became a merchant and amassed a large fortune; and was at all times a publicspirited citizen. In 1700 he built the De Lancey house, which subsequently became known as the Queen's head and Fraunce's Tavern. In the large room, originally Mrs. De Lancey's drawing-room, Washington bade farewell to the officers of the Army of the Revolution. He died in New York City, Nov. 18, 1741
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Illinois Indians, (search)
s were on the Mississippi. The Jesuits found the chief Illinois town consisting of 8,000 people, in nearly 400 large cabins, covered with water-proof mats, with, generally, four fires to a cabin. In 1679 they were badly defeated by the Iroquois, losing about 1,300, of whom 900 were prisoners: and they retaliated by assisting the French, under De la Barre and De Nonville, against the Five Nations. The Illinois were converted to Christianity by Father Marquette and other missionaries, and in 1700 Chicago, their great chief, visited France, where he was much caressed. His son, of the same name, maintained great influence in the tribe until his death, in 1754. When Detroit was besieged by the Foxes, in 1712, the Illinois went to its relief, and in the war that followed they suffered severely. Some of them were with the French at Fort Duquesne; but they refused to join Pontiac in his conspiracy. With the Miamis, they favored the English in the war of the Revolution, and joined in t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indiana, (search)
Indiana, Was first explored by French missionaries and traders, and Vincennes was a missionary station as early as 1700. Indiana constituted a part of New France, and afterwards of the Northwest Territory. In 1702 some French Canadians discovered the Wabash, and established several trading-posts on its banks, among others, Vincennes. Little is known of the early settlers until the country was ceded to the English, in 1763. The treaty of 1783 included Indiana in the United States. A distressing Indian war broke out in 1788, but by victories by General Wilkinson (1791) and General Wayne (1794), a dangerous confederacy of the tribes was broken up. Another was afterwards attempted by Tecumseh, but was defeated by the result of the battle of Tippecanoe. In 1800 the Connecticut Reserve, in the northwestern portion of Ohio, having State seal of Indiana. been sold to a company of speculators, measures were taken to extinguish certain claims on the part of the United States and t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jesuit missions. (search)
ques Fremin, at Onondaga from 1656 to 1658; was sent to the Mohawks in July, 1667; left there for the Senecas in October, 1668, where he remained a few years. Pierre Rafeix, at Onondaga from 1656 to 1658; chaplain in Courcelle's expedition in 1665; sent to the Cayugas in 1671, thence to Seneca, where he was in 1679. Jacques Bruyas, sent to the Mohawks, July, 1667, and to the Oneidas in September, where he spent four years, and thence returned to the Mohawks in 1672; was at Onondaga in 1679, 1700, and 1701. Etienne de Carheil, sent to Cayuga in 1668, and was absent in 1671-72; returned, and remained until 1684. Pierre Milet was sent with De Carheil to the Cayugas in 1668, and left in 1684; was at Niagara in 1688, and was taken prisoner at Cataraqua in 1689. Jean Pierron was sent to the Mohawks in July, 1667: went among the Cayugas in October, 1668, and was with the Senecas after 1672, where he was in 1679. Jean de Lamberville was at Onondaga in 1671-72; was sent to Niagara in 1687.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Joliet, Louis 1645-1700 (search)
Joliet, Louis 1645-1700 Discoverer; born in Quebec, Canada, Sept. 21, 1645; was educated at the Jesuit college in his native city, and afterwards engaged in the furtrade in the Western wilderness. In 1673 Intendant Talon, at Quebec, with the sanction of Governor Frontenac, selected Joliet to find and ascertain the direction of the course of the Mississippi and its mouth. Starting from Mackinaw, in May, 1673, with Father Marquette and five other Frenchmen, they reached the Mississippi June 17. They studied the country on their route, made maps, and gained much information. After intercourse with Indians on the lower Mississippi, near the mouth of the Arkansas, who had trafficked with Europeans, they were satisfied that the Mississippi emptied into the Gulf of Mexico, and made their way back to Green Bay, where Joliet started alone for Quebec to report to his superiors. His canoe was upset in Lachine Rapids, above Montreal, and his journals and charts were lost, but he wrote ou
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Le Moyne, 1656-1683 (search)
him seigneur of Longueil, and subsequently of Chateaugay. He had eleven sons, of whom Bienville and Iberville (qq. v.) were the most eminent. Charles, first Sieur de Longueil, was born in Montreal, Dec. 10, 1656; died there, June 8, 1729. He was made a lieutenant-general of regulars in the royal army of France, and, returning to Canada, built churches and a fort at Longueil. He fought the English assailants of Quebec under Phipps in 1690, and was made baron and governor of Montreal in 1700. Becoming commandant-general of Canada, he prepared to meet the expedition against Quebec under Walker in 1711. In 1720 he was governor of Three Rivers, and again of Montreal in 1724. His influence over the Indians was very great. and in 1726 the Senecas allowed him to rebuild Fort Niagara. Paul, Sieur de Maricourt, who was born in Montreal, Dec. 15, 1663, and died there March 21. 1704, distinguished himself under his brother Iberville in Hudson Bay. He commanded an expedition against
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Robert 1634-1725 (search)
ine between the States of New York and Massachusetts. The area widened as it extended eastward, so that, on its eastern boundary, the tract was nearly 20 miles in width. In 1686 Thomas Dongan, governor of New York, granted Livingston a patent for this domain, which comprised over 120,000 acres. It was the largest landed estate in the province, excepting that of Van Rensselaer. Five or six thousand acres of it were purchased for the use of the palatines who came over with Governor Hunter in 1700, which tract still bears the name of Germantown, given to it at that time. In 1715 the grant of the Livingston Manor, given by Dongan, was confirmed by royal authority, and full manorial privileges were given to the proprietor. The lord of the manor exercised moderate judicial functions within his domain, and had the privilege of electing a representative to the General Assembly of the colony and two constables. This manor occupied a portion of Columbia and Dutchess counties. Robert die
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
to 1654 Richard Bellingham1654 to 1655 John Endicott1655 to 1665 Richard Belling1665 to 1673 John Leverett1673 to 1679 Simon Bradstreet1679 to 1684 Joseph Dudley, president1684 to 1686 Sir Edmund Andros, governor-general1686 to 1689 Thomas Danforth (acting)1689 to 1692 governors of Massachusetts appointed by the King under the second charter. Name.Term. Sir William Phipps1692 to 1694 William Stoughton1694 to 1669 Richard Coote, Earl of Bellamont1699 to 1700 William Stoughton1700 to 1701 The Council1701 to 1702 Joseph Dudley1702 to 1715 The CouncilFeb. to March, 1715 Joseph DudleyMarch to Nov., 1715 William Tailer1715 to 1716 Samuel Shute1716 to 1723 William Dummer1723 to 1728 William BurnetJuly, 1728 to Sept., 1729 William Dummer1729 to June, 1730 William TailerJune to Aug., 1730 Jonathan Belcher1730 to 1741 William Shirley1741 to 1749 Spencer Phipps1749 to 1753 William Shirley1753 to 1756 Spencer Phipps1756 to 1757 The CouncilApril to Aug., 1757 Tho
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