Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1702 AD or search for 1702 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama. (search)
Alabama. The soil of this State was first trodden by Europeans in 1540. These were the followers of De Soto (q. v.). In 1702, Bienville. the French governor of Louisiana, entered Mobile Bay, and built a fort and trading-house at the mouth of Dog River. In 1711 the French founded Mobile, and there a colony prospered for a while. Negro State seal of Alabama. slaves were first brought into this colony by three French ships of war in 1721. By the treaty of 1763 this region was transferred by France to Great Britain. Alabama formed a portion of the State of Georgia, but in 1798 the country now included in the States of Alabama and Mississippi was organized as a Territory called Mississippi. After the Creeks disappeared the region of Alabama was rapidly settled by white people, and in 1819 it entered the Union as a State. The slave population increased more rapidly than the white. In the Democratic National Convention that was held at Charleston in 1860 the delegates of Alaba
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Apalache, Apalacha, Apalachi, or Appalachee, (search)
Apalache, Apalacha, Apalachi, or Appalachee, Various forms of the name of a tribe of North American Indians who dwelt in the vicinity of St. Mark's River, Florida, with branches extending northward to the Appalachian range. They were known, historically, as far back as 1526. The settlements of the tribe were mentioned in a petition to King Charles II., of Spain, in 1688, and it is believed that the tribe became broken up and scattered about 1702, the members becoming absorbed in other tribes.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cornbury, Edward Hyde, Lord -1723 (search)
Cornbury, Edward Hyde, Lord -1723 Colonial governor; was sent to the province of New York as governor in 1702, when he was Sir Edward Hyde, grandson of the first Earl of Clarendon, and nephew, by marriage, of James II. He was one of the officers of that monarch's household, and was the first to desert him and go over to the Prince of Orange, who became William III, of England. Grateful for this act, William made him governor of the united provinces of New York and New Jersey. He was cordially and generously received. The Assembly, which was largely Leislerian in its political composition, and claimed Hyde as a friend, voted him a double salary, a disbursement of the expenses of his voyage, and a reversion of seven years. A public dinner was given him, and the freedom of the city in a gold box. His suite, the soldiers of the garrison, and all citizens unable to purchase their freedom, were made freemen, with rights of suffrage, trade, and of holding office. This generous rece
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dudley, Joseph, 1647- (search)
land. He was in the battle with the Narragansets in 1675, and was one of the commissioners who dictated the terms of a treaty with that tribe. In September, 1685, King James commissioned him president of New England, and in 1687 he was made chief-justice of the Supreme Court. Dudley was sent to England with Andros in 1689, and the next year was made chief-justice of New York. He went to England in 1693, and was deputy governor of the Isle of Wight. He entered Parliament in 1701, and from 1702 to 1715 he was captain-general and governor of Massachusetts. Then he retired to his quiet home at Roxbury, where he died, April 2, 1720. The disputes between the royal governors and the people, which continued about seventy years, were begun in Massachusetts with Dudley. In his first speech he demanded a fit and convenient house for the governor, and a settled and stated salary for him. The House, in their answer the next day, observed that they would proceed to the consideration of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Episcopacy in America. (search)
w York duly qualified as suffragan to the Bishop of London, and five or six young ministers, with Bibles and prayer-books; to unite New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Rhode Island into one province; and the bishop to be appointed governor, at a salary of $7,200, his Majesty to give him the King's Farm of 30 acres, in New York, as a seat for himself and his successors. When Sir Edward Hyde (afterwards Lord Cornbury) became governor of the combined provinces of New York and New Jersey, in 1702, even violent efforts were used to make the liturgy and ritual of the Church of England the state system of worship. He denied the right of preachers or schoolmasters to exercise their functions in the province without a bishop's license; and when the corporation of New York resolved to establish a grammar-school, the Bishop of London was requested to send over a teacher. In violation of his positive instructions, the governor began a systematic persecution of all religious denominations di
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indiana, (search)
Indiana, Was first explored by French missionaries and traders, and Vincennes was a missionary station as early as 1700. Indiana constituted a part of New France, and afterwards of the Northwest Territory. In 1702 some French Canadians discovered the Wabash, and established several trading-posts on its banks, among others, Vincennes. Little is known of the early settlers until the country was ceded to the English, in 1763. The treaty of 1783 included Indiana in the United States. A distressing Indian war broke out in 1788, but by victories by General Wilkinson (1791) and General Wayne (1794), a dangerous confederacy of the tribes was broken up. Another was afterwards attempted by Tecumseh, but was defeated by the result of the battle of Tippecanoe. In 1800 the Connecticut Reserve, in the northwestern portion of Ohio, having State seal of Indiana. been sold to a company of speculators, measures were taken to extinguish certain claims on the part of the United States and t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
3,597, and an unrecognized debt of $3,953,000. The population in 1890 was 1,118,587; in 1900, 1,381,625. In October, 1698, King William sent three ships to take possession of the Mississippi River, and prepare for planting a colony of French Protestants on its borders. Nothing came of it. In the same month Iberville and others sailed for the same river, and planted the seeds of French dominion there. The first settlement in Louisiana was made at Biloxi (now in Mississippi) in 1699. In 1702 there were settlements begun on Dauphin Island and at Mobile, now in Alabama. The French government, wishing to promote more rapid settlements in that region, granted (1712) the whole province, with a monopoly of trade, to Anthony Crozat, a wealthy French merchant, who expected large profits from mines and trade with Mexico. Crozat contracted to send ships from France, with goods and emigrants, every year; and he was entitled to import a cargo of negro slaves annually. The French governmen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
ott1655 to 1665 Richard Belling1665 to 1673 John Leverett1673 to 1679 Simon Bradstreet1679 to 1684 Joseph Dudley, president1684 to 1686 Sir Edmund Andros, governor-general1686 to 1689 Thomas Danforth (acting)1689 to 1692 governors of Massachusetts appointed by the King under the second charter. Name.Term. Sir William Phipps1692 to 1694 William Stoughton1694 to 1669 Richard Coote, Earl of Bellamont1699 to 1700 William Stoughton1700 to 1701 The Council1701 to 1702 Joseph Dudley1702 to 1715 The CouncilFeb. to March, 1715 Joseph DudleyMarch to Nov., 1715 William Tailer1715 to 1716 Samuel Shute1716 to 1723 William Dummer1723 to 1728 William BurnetJuly, 1728 to Sept., 1729 William Dummer1729 to June, 1730 William TailerJune to Aug., 1730 Jonathan Belcher1730 to 1741 William Shirley1741 to 1749 Spencer Phipps1749 to 1753 William Shirley1753 to 1756 Spencer Phipps1756 to 1757 The CouncilApril to Aug., 1757 Thomas Pownall1757 to 1760 Thomas HutchisonJune to Aug
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Jersey, (search)
ne of the most eminent writers of that denomination. Quakers from England and Scotland and others from Long Island flocked into east Jersey, but they were compelled to endure the tyranny of Andros until James was driven from his throne and the viceroy from America, when east and west Jersey were left without a regular civil government, and so remained several years. Finally, wearied with contentions and subjected to losses, the proprietors surrendered the domain of the Jerseys to the crown (1702), and the dissolute Sir Edward Hyde (Lord Cornbury), governor of New York, ruled over the province. Politically, the people were made slaves. It remained a dependency of New York until 1738, when it was made an independent colony, and so remained until the Revolutionary War. Lewis Morris, who was the chief-justice of New Jersey, was commissioned its governor, and was the first who ruled over the free colony (see Morris, Lewis). William Franklin, son of Benjamin Franklin, was the last of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, colony of (search)
r its new charter. The French invaded the Mohawk country in 1693, but the greater part of them perished before they reached Canada. Count Frontenac, governor of Canada, prepared to attack the Five Nations with all his power, when the governor of New York (Earl of Bellomont) declared that the English would make common cause with the Iroquois Confederacy. The colony was largely involved in debt by military movements during Queen Anne's War, in which the English and French were engaged from 1702 to 1713. The vicinity of Lake Champlain afterwards became a theatre of hostile events. In 1731 the French built Fort Frederick at Crown Point, for a defence at the natural pass between the Hudson and St. Lawrence; and in 1745 a party of French and Indians invaded the upper valley of the Hudson and destroyed Saratoga. Finally, in 1754, the English and French began their final struggle for supremacy in America, in which the Indians bore a conspicuous part (see French and Indian War). Meanwhi
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