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Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 51 51 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 19 19 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 11 11 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition. 5 5 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 5 5 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 4 4 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 4 4 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 3 3 Browse Search
Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters 3 3 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1706 AD or search for 1706 AD in all documents.

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f force, and determined the relation between the spaces of descent and the times. He used inclined planes, by the aid of which he conveniently diminished the velocity without changing the nature of the result. Auger. The first boring-tool may be assumed to have been an awl of some kind. Pliny states that Daedalus invented the gimlet, — 1240 B. C. It was destitute of a screw-point, but it may have had a hollow pod, and a cross-head forming a handle. Awls are shown in Egyptian tombs of 1706 and 1490 B. C. The screw-point was added to the gimlet in course of time, and, within our own recollection, the twisted shank, which makes it self-discharging. This hint was taken from the auger proper, which may be called a magnified gimlet, now that their specific features have become so closely assimilated in form and function. The auger (tercbra) was a Greek tool. The Teredo navalis is much older still, and carries an auger in his head; — a great bore he is. From the early descrip
e end of a long handle. Among other paintings may be specially cited that of the triumph of Rameses III., the great Sesostris of Herodotus, about 1355 B. C. The flabellum is shown in the tombs of Beni-Hassan, Thebes, and Alabastron, of dates from 1706 to 1355 B. C. In more humble life, men are represented keeping the flies away from the drink prepared for the reapers in the field. See bellows; blower; Punkah; ventilator; and list under air-appliances. Fan-blowers. Fanning-mill. Cape hoand in hand Fire Insurance Company was the first established in London, 1696. The Sun Fire Insurance Company was established in 1700. Marine insurance had long been common in Venice. The Amicable Life Insurance Company of London was chartered in 1706. Fire-insurance offices established in Paris, 1745. American steam fire-engine. Fire-es-cape′. Fire-escapes are divided into three classes:— Ladders. Portable escapes. Carriage-escapes. 1. Fire-ladders are made of several
thus drills three rows at once. It appears from a communication to the British Board of Agriculture, that a rude sort of grain-drill has been in use in India from time immemorial. It is a drilling hopper attached to a plow so as to deposit the seed in the furrow. The first notice of a European graindrill is one invented by a German, and presented to the court of Spain in 1647. The same drill attracted the attention of the Earl of Sandwich, who sent one to England. Evelyn, who died in 1706, speaks of it as a machine of great merit, and the invention of a Spaniard, Don Joseph de Lescatello. Worlidge, in his Husbandry, published 1669, also recommends it. It was fastened to the tail of a plow, and dropped the seed in the furrow. It was regarded as a curiosity merely, until a man appeared who was able to appreciate it. The system of drill husbandry of Britain is the invention of Jethro Tull, a farmer of Berkshire, England, who was an original thinker and innovator. He intr
le in England, beacons were erected to direct navigation, and persons were appointed to keep them in order. The expense was defrayed by the county. Pitch boxes were made use of in the reign of Edward III. Lighthouses. The Eddystone lighthouse (b) is erected upon a rock of that name ten miles from shore, off Plymouth, England. A lighthouse was built on the spot, 1696-99, by Winstanley, who perished with it in a storm, November 27, 1703. Rebuilt of wood in a different form by Rudyard, 1706, and burnt 1755. Rebuilt by Smcaton of dovetailed and metal-bound granite blocks, 1757. The surface of the rock was irregular and inclined. It was cut into steps, the risers of which were notched so as to form dovetailed mortises for the similarly shaped blocks of the stones in the course which interlocked with it. Each block had a level bearing, and the outside pieces were guarded by a border of rock which rose around them. The stones in a course were dovetailed together and additional
y published journals. During the period of the Commonwealth and the Restoration their number multiplied, but none appear to have been published oftener than once a week until about the reign of Queen Anne, when the demand for news from the Duke of Marlborough's army led to their being issued tri-weekly. The first London daily was the Courant, published by Samuel Buckley in 1703. The first established newspaper in England, outside of London, is believed to have been the Norwich postman, 1706. The first actually published in Scotland was at Edinburgh in 1654. The Dublin News-letter, the earliest Irish paper, was established in 1685. In the United States a newspaper was attempted as early as 1690. The first number was dated September 25 of that year, but its farther issue was prevented by the colonial government, it being published contrary to law, and containing reflections of a very high nature. In 1704 the Boston News-letter, published by authority, was established by
hich was excessively tenacious and clammy, but capable when dry of being reduced to a very fine powder, so that it had been used for hair-powder and went by the name of Schnorr's white earth. It proved to be kaolin. The French porcelain works were first established at St. Cloud, in 1695, by Louis XIV.; at Vincennes, 1740; removed to Sevres, 1786. The Meissen, Saxony, porcelain manufactory was established by Augustus II., Elector of Saxony, in 1710. Botticher invented the hard paste in 1706; the red ware like jasper, in 1711: white porcelain, in 1709; the perfect, white kind, in 1715. He died in 1719. Heroldt introduced gilding and painting in 1720; modeled groups, in 1731; porcelain made in England, at Bow, in 1698. Wedgwood ware was first patented, 1762. Porcelain may be distinguished from the coarser earthenware as a pottery which is fine grained, compact, very hard, and somewhat translucid. The latter quality is derived from its partial vitrification. It has various
ls, both for seed and manure, mentioned by Worlidge in his Husbandry, 1669. Evelyn, who was one of the founders of the Royal Society of England, and who died in 1706, wrote in high commendation of a drill which was the invention of Don Joseph de Lescatello, a nobleman of Carinthia, in 1663. This consisted of a seed-box, havingepth of cut. Guarded shoe-knife. Shoe′mak-er's Pinch′ers. The jaw-tool with which a shoemaker strains the leather over the last. See L S, Fig. 3726, page 1706. Shoe′mak-ing-ma-chine′. Mark Isambard Brunel obtained an English patent, August 2, 1810, No. 3369, for a machine making boots and shoes. It was intended foed a coach to run from Glasgow to Edinburgh, drawn by six able horses, to leave Edinboroa ilk Monday morning and return again (God willing) ilk Saturday night. In 1706 the time between London and York, by coach, was four days, and in 1784 John Dale notified the public that a coach would set out from Edinburgh to London (400 mile
state or balance testimony. (See printing.) For more than 100 years after the invention of printing, the printers cut their own matrixes, cast their own type, made their presses, composed the type, printed, folded, and bound their own books. In 1686, the branches of the trade were divided as follows: master-printer, letter-cutter, letter-caster, letter-dresser, compositor, corrector, pressman, inkmaker, binder. Caxton seems to have regarded himself as well supplied, having five fonts. In 1706, William Caslon brought the art of type-making to great perfection, and rendered England independent of the Continental type-founders. Caslon was an engraver of gunlocks and gun-barrels, and, having a reputation for ingenuity, was employed by The Society for promoting Christian knowledge to cut the punches for a font of Arabic. That foundry is still known by his name. The first type-founder in America was Christopher Saur of Germantown, Pennsylvania, and the first font cast was of German