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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Van Rensselaer, Stephen 1765-1839 (search)
Van Rensselaer, Stephen 1765-1839 Last of the patroons; born in New York, Nov. 1, 1765; son of Nicholas Van Rensselaer; married a daughter of Gen. Philip Stephen Van Rensselaer. Schuyler in 1783. In 1789 he was a member of the legislature, and State Senator from 1790 to 1795. From 1795 to 1801 he was lieutenant-governor. He presided over the constitutional convention in 1801, and in 1810-11 was one of the commissioners to ascertain the feasibility of a canal to connect the waters of the lakes with the Hudson. From 1816 until his death he was one of the canal commissioners, and for fifteen years president of the board. In 1801 he commanded the State cavalry, with the rank of major-general; and when the War of 1812-15 broke out was chief of the New York State militia. In 1819 he was elected a regent of the State University, and afterwards its chancellor. In 1820 he was president of the State agricultural board, a member of the constitutional convention in 1821, and of Congr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Walker, Sir Hovenden 1660- (search)
Walker, Sir Hovenden 1660- Military officer; born in Somersetshire, England, about 1660; became a captain in the navy in 1692, and rear-admiral of the white in 1710. The next year he was knighted by Queen Anne. He made an attempt to capture Quebec in 1711, commanding the naval armament sent for that purpose (see Quebec). Returning to England, his ship, the Edgar, blew up at Spithead, when nearly all the crew perished. This accident and the disastrous expedition to Quebec drew upon him almost unqualified censure, and he was dismissed from the service. He afterwards settled upon a plantation in South Carolina; but returned to Great Britain, and died of a broken heart in Dublin, Ireland, in January, 1726.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wheelock, Eleazar 1711-1779 (search)
Wheelock, Eleazar 1711-1779 Educator; born in Windham, Conn., April 22, 1711; graduated at Yale College in 1733; was pastor of a Congregational church at Lebanon, Conn., in 1735, and remained there thirty-five years. He opened a school there in 1754, in which was a bright Indian pupil, Samson Occum. His proficiency led to the establishment of Moore's Indian School, which eventually became Dartmouth College, of which Dr. Wheelock was the first president. He died in Hanover, N. H., April 24, 1779.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Williams, John 1664-1729 (search)
March 1, 1704, and among the inhabitants carried into captivity were Mr. Williams and a part of his family. Two of his children and a black servant were murdered at his door. With his wife and five children he began the toilsome journey towards Canada through the deep snow. On the second day his wife, weak from the effects of recent childbirth, fainted with fatigue, when the tomahawk of her captor cleaved her skull, and so he was relieved of the burden. Her husband and children were taken to Canada, and, after a captivity of nearly two years among the Caughnawaga Indians near Montreal, they were ransomed and returned home, excepting a daughter Eunice (q. v.), whom the Indians refused to part with. After the return of Mr. Williams to Deerfield in 1706 he resumed the charge of his congregation. He married a daughter of Captain Allen, of Connecticut, and in 1711 was appointed a commissary under Colonel Stoddard in the expedition against Canada. He died in Deerfield, June 12, 1729.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wolcott, Roger 1679-1767 (search)
Wolcott, Roger 1679-1767 Colonial governor; born in Windsor, Conn., Jan. 4, 1679; was apprenticed to a mechanic at the age of twelve years. By industry and economy he afterwards acquired a competent fortune. In the expedition against Canada in 1711 he was commissary of the Connecticut forces, and had risen to major-general in 1745, when he was second in command at the capture of Louisburg. He was afterwards, successively, a legislator, county judge, chief-justice of the Supreme Court, and governor (1751-54). In 1725 he published Poetical Meditations, and he left a long manuscript poem descriptive of the Pequod War, which is preserved in the collections of the Connecticut Historical Society. He died in Windsor, Conn., May 17, 1767.
The Chinese and Mandshu words for bell are onomatopoetic, being respectively tsiang-tsiang and tang-tang. The weight, dimensions, and date of casting, of some of the largest bells in the world are stated to be as follows: — Weight.Diameter.Thickness. Pounds.Ft. In.Inches. Moscow (Kremlin), Cast in 155336,000 Cast in 1654288,000 Fell in 1703. Recast in 1733432,00021.23 Broken in 1737. Moscow (St. Ivan's)127,830 Burmah (Amarapoora)260,000 Pekin130,000 Novogorod62,000 Vienna (1711)40,2009.8 Olmutz40,000 Rouen40,000 Sens34,0008.6 Erfurth30,800 Westminster ( Big Ben, 1858)30,324 London (Houses of Parliament)30,000 Paris (Notre Dame, 1680)28,6728.67 1/2 Montreal (1847)28,5608.68 1/4 Cologne25,000 New York (City Hall)23,0008.6 1/2 to 7 New York (Fire-alarm, 33d Street)21,612 York ( Great Peter, 1845)10 3/4 tons.8.3 Weight.Diameter.Thickness. Pounds.Ft. In.Inches. Bruges23,000 Rome (St. Peters, 1680)18,600 Oxford ( Great Tom, 1680)18,0007.1
defence, but placed outside the body of the place. De-tach′ing horses from Car′riages. A means for suddenly releasing an unmanageable team from the vehicle. The Marquis of Worcester, in his Century of inventions, 1655, describes an apparatus of this kind, under command of the passengers, in which, by means of a T-ended lever, two or four bolts could be simultaneously drawn inwards, and the horses thereby released with the greatest possible ease and certainty. Hohlfield of Saxony, 1711 – 71, contrived a carriage in which the person could by a single push loosen the pole and set the horses at liberty. William's English patent, 1802, operates by a cord releasing a bolt, which allows the studs to which the traces are attached to rotate and the traces to slip off. Since these, numerous devices have been suggested, but have not come extensively into use. De-tect′or. 1. An arrangement in a lock, introduced by Ruxton, by which an over-lifted tumbler is caught by deten
ment attached to the axle. Fifth-wheel. Figured-fab′ric loom. In figure-weaving, the cloth is ornamented with flowers and other devices. The warp is divided among a number of heddles which are operated by separate treadles, by which different colors may be concealed or brought to the surface, or made to change places according to a presented pattern. The Jacquard is the principal loom used in weaving figured fabrics. See damask; Jacquard. Hohlfield, of Hennerndorf, in Saxony, 1711 – 71, invented a loom for weaving figured fabrics, the model of which is preserved in the collection of the Berlin Academy. Fig′ure-head. (Nautical.) The ornament on the head or prow of a ship. Fi′lar-mi-crom′e-ter. A micrometer having threads or wires across its field of view. It was invented by Malvasia about 1660, who applied a network of fine silver wires crossing each other at right angles, and dividing the field of the telescope into squares. See wire-micrometer.
four fingers in length by the same in breadth. This tenuity is very far exceeded at the present day. In the practice of the art in Europe, the skin of an unborn calf was first used; afterwards a fine pellicle from the entrails of cattle. This continues to be used (see supra). About 1621, says Beckmann, Merunne excited general astonishment, when he showed that the Parisian gold-beaters could beat an ounce of gold into 1,600 leaves, which together covered a surface of 105 square feet. But in 1711, when the pellieles discovered by the Germans came to be used in Paris, Reumer found that an ounce of gold, in the form of a cube, 5 1/4 lines at most in length, breadth, and thickness, and which covered a surface of about twentyseven square lines, could be so extended by the gold-beaters as to cover a surface of more than 1466 1/2 square feet. The Egyptian mummy-cases were sometimes profusely gilded, and in some instances the body itself. A small percentage of silver and copper is ad
for the strings, which vibrated only while the key was held down, and the place at which the pin struck the string determined the length concerned in the vibration. A damper fixed behind the string acted upon it when the pin quitted the string, the key, in fact, forming one of two bridges, between which the strings vibrated. The instrument was an important one for several hundred years; the favorite of Bach and of Mozart. The hammer-harpsichord is referred to in the Giornale d'italia, 1711, and was the First pianoforte, though the name was not given till about fifty years afterwards. It was the invention of Cristofori of Florence; the improvement consisting mainly in pivoted hammers, which were struck by jacks on the keys, and retired immediately from the strings. See piano-Forte. The pedals were invented by Loeschman. The double-harpsichord had two sets of keys and strings in a set. One key of one set struck two keys in unison; while one key of the other set struck a
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