ve Medford people or they would not have complained of being obliged to travel as far as Noddle's Island (East Boston) to be served.
This petition affected the interests of Mr. Joseph Prout, owning as he did the Broughton mill, where, as he said, the public had been served for about thirty or forty years, and in all probability it moved him to take action to supply the wants of the Medford people by putting in repair the old Broughton mill on the Charlestown side of the river.
In the year 1711 Joseph Prout sold to Jonathan Dunster, mill, mill-yard, buildings and Orchard one Acre also one and one-half acres of upland on the north side of the river at the end of the old dam.
In the same conveyance is named one and three-fourths acres of meadow land on the north side of the river at the end of the mill dam.
It is beyond a doubt that a mill was on the Charlestown side of the river(whatever its condition may have been) at the time of this sale, and we know that the one and one-half ac
fications in Canada.
The experience of its own efforts to wrest Canada from the French must have satisfied the British Government of the importance of such a system to the preservation of the province from foreign invasion.
In 1690, a Massachusetts fleet of thirty- four vessels and ten thousand men made an unsuccessful effort to reduce Quebec, though the defences were then of the slightest character.
Costly expeditions were fitted out in 1704, 1707 and 1709, resulting again in failure.
In 1711, land forces of twelve thousand men and fifteen ships-of-war again attempted the conquest of Canada, and again accomplished nothing.
In 1745, an expedition, consisting of six thousand provincial and eight hundred seamen, and a combined naval force of near seven hundred guns, attacked Louisburg.
The garrison consisted of only six hundred regulars and one thousand militia, with an armament not one-third of that brought to bear against it. Yet the place held out forty-nine days, and at last wa
frica for negroes, with such limits as should be prescribed by Parliament." Under William III., an act was passed partially relaxing the monopoly, the preamble to which states that the trade was highly beneficial and advantageous to the kingdom, and to the plantations and colonies thereunto belonging." In 1708, the Commons, still importuned by the merchants, again resolved "That the trade was important, and ought to be free and open to all the Queen's subjects trading from Great Britain." In 1711, they again resolved "That this trade ought to be free in a regulated company; the plantations ought to be supplied with negroes at a reasonable rate; a considerable stock was necessary for carrying on the trade to the best advantage, and that an export of £100,000 at least, in merchandise, should be annually made from Great Britain to Africa. " At last, the popular complaints completely prevailed in the passage of an act, under George II., throwing open the trade, and declaring "the slave tr