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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
s Albinus, the son of Ceionius Postumius and Aurelia Messalina, was born at Adrumetum in Africa; but the year of his birth is not known. According to his father's statement (Capitol. Clod. Albin. 4), he received the name of Albinus on account of the extraordinary whiteness of his body. Sewing great disposition for a military life, he entered the army at an early age and served with great distinction, especially during the rebellion of Avidius Cassius against the emperor Marcus Aurelius, in A. D. 175. His merits were acknowledged by the emperor in two letters (ib. 10) in which he calls Albinus an African, who resembled his countrymen but little, and who was praiseworthy for his military experience, and the gravity of his character. The emperor likewise declared, that without Albinus the legions (in Bithynia) would have gone over to Avidius Cassius, and that he intended to have him chosen consul. The emperor Commodus gave Albinus a command in Gaul and afterwards in Britain. A false rumo
Cinaethon (*Kinai/qwn), of Lacedaemon, one of the most fertile of the Cyclic poets, is placed by Eusebius (Chron. O1. 3. 4) in B. C. 765. He was the author of: 1. Telegonia (*Thlhggoni/a), which gave the history of Odysseus from the point where the Odyssey breaks off to his death. (Euseb. l.c.) 2. Genealogies, which are frequently referred to by Pausanias (2.3.7, 18.5, 4.2.1, 8.53.2; comp. Schol. ad Hom. Il. 3.175), and which must consequently have been extant in A. D. 175. 3. Heracleia (*(Hra/kleia), containing an account of the adventures of Heracles. (Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. 1.1357.) 4. Oedipodia (*Oi)dipodi/a), the adventures of Oedipus, is ascribed to Cinaethon in an ancient inscription (Heeren, in Bibl. d. alien Literat. und Kunst, vol. iv. p. 57), but other authorities speak of the author as uncertain. (Paus. 9.5.5; Schol. ad Eurip. Phoen. 1760.) 5. The Little Iliad (*)Ilia\s mikra/) was also attributed by some to Cinaethon. (Schol. Vat. ad Eur. Troad. 822; comp. Welcker, Episc
hing ambitious hopes, and trusting implicitly to the infallibility of an art in which he possessed no mean skill, Severus, after the death of Marcia, wedded the humble Syrian damsel, with no other dowry than her horoscope. The period at which this union took place has been a matter of controversy among chronologers, since the statements of ancient authorities are contradictory and irreconcileable. Following Dio Cassius as our surest guide, we conclude that it could not have been later than A. D. 175, for he records that the marriage couch was spread in the temple of Venus, adjoining the palatium, by the empress Faustina, who in that year quitted Rome to join M. Aurelius in the east, and never returned. Julia, being gifted with a powerful intellect and with a large measure of the adroit cunning for which her countrywomen were so celebrated, exercised at all times a powerful sway over her superstitious husband, persuaded him to take up arms against Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus,
Fausti'na 2. Annia Faustina, or Faustina Junior, was the daughter of the elder Fausrina. During the life of Hadrian she was betrothed to the son of Aelius Caesar; but upon the accession of her father, Antoninus Pius, the match was broken off, in consequence of the extreme youth of L. Verus, and it was fixed that she should become the bride of M. Aurelius, although the marriage was not solemnized until A. D. 145 or 146. She died in a village on the skirts of Mount Taurus, in the year A. D. 175, having accompanied ihe emperor to Syria, when he visited the East for the purpose of restoring tranquillity after the rebellion of Avidius Cassius, which is said to have been excited by her intrigues [M. AURELIUS; AVIDIUS CASSIUS]. Her profligacy was so open and infamous, that the good nature or blindness of her husband, who cherished her fondly while alive, and loaded her with honours after her death, appear truly marvellous. (D. C. 71.10, 22, 29, 31; Capitolin. M. Aurel. 6, 19, 26; Eutrop. 8.
us, which he mentions having written about forty (§ 13), the Nigrinus, &c. This brings us again to the year 120, as a very probable one in which to fix his birth; and thus he might have been contemporary as a boy with Epictetus, then in his old age; and with the man who bought his lamp, some 30 or 35 years, perhaps, before 165. A passage which alludes to later political events occurs in the Alexander, 48, where mention is made of the war of Marcus Antoninus against the Marcomtanni, A. D. 170-175; and as Marcus is there called *qeo/s, Voss inferred that the piece was written after the death of that emperor in 180. According to the computation of Reitz, which is that above given, Lucian would then have been more than sixty years old. From § 56, it appears that Lucian's father was still alive when he visited Alexander; but the visit might have taken place at least ten years before the account of it was written. (Clinton, Fasti Rom. A. D. 182.) That Lucian himself was a man of some conse
Piso 32. PISO, consul with Julianus A. D. 175 in the reign of Commodus (Lamprid. Commod. 12).
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
nin. Philosoph. 100.3.) A rescript of the Divi Fratres (Dig. 37. tit. 14. s. 17), speaks of him in these terms : " Volusius Maecianus amicus noster, &c." Marcus in his *Tw=n ei)s e(auto/n (lib. 1) mentions Marcianus, in place of which it is proposed to read Maecianus, but Marcus does not speak of him as a jurist. Vulcatius (Avid. Cass. 100.7) says that Maecianus was entrusted with the government of Alexandria, and that he was killed by the army for having joined Cassius in his usurpation, A. D. 175. Works Legal Writings Maecianus wrote sixteen books on Fideicommissa, and fourteen books on Judicia Publica. A Liber Quaestionum is also mentioned (Dig. 29. tit. 2. s. 86), but it may have been a part of the work on Fideicommissa. He also wrote that Legem Rhodiam, from which there is a single excerpt in the Digest (14. tit. 2. s. 9) in Greek, from which we may conclude that this was a collection of the Rhodian laws relating to maritime affairs, and Maecianus may have accompanied the c