se are the following: chine, ferret, galloon, love, lustring (lutestring), ribbon velvet, sarsnet, satin, taffety, etc.
The ribbon manufacture is largely carried on at Coventry, in England, and at Saint-Etienne, in France.
A great number of the improvements in the different branches of the manufacture are due to the Swiss and Germans, among others the bar-loom, brought from Switzerland, in 1756, by M. Flachat, of Saint-Chamond, and the economical processes for fining velvet, introduced in 1775, by Roland de la Platiere.
The application to the bar-loom of the Jacquard machine, and of the various improvements derived from it, have resulted in the production of an admirable working instrument, with which a skilled workman is able to make everything, from simple taffetas to elaborate portraits.
The ornaments vary considerably in style and arrangement.
Sometimes these are purely fanciful compositions,—Byzantine, Indian, Oriental, Chinese; at others, of birds and animals, more or le