vasion of the town by large manufacturing interests and thus attracted a class of residents that found leisure for more or less cultivation of the arts and sciences and literature.
In the early days the church was the center of literary interest, and most of its ministers have left some printed record behind them.
The Rev. Benjamin Colman, who preached in Medford in 1693, was a model of literary excellence in his sermons.
Rev. Ebenezer Turell, who occupied the Medford pulpit from 1724 to 1778, published a pamphlet on Witchcraft, and A Direction to My People in Relation to the Present Times, which plead for a religion founded on truth and soberness rather than one arising from emotion.
Even more in advance of the times was a discourse in favor of inoculation for smallpox.
In 1741 he published A Memoir of the Life and Death of the Pious and Ingenuous Mrs. Jane Colman Turell, who died at Medford, March 26, 1735, aetat 27.
Most of the quaint prose and poetry was collected from her
some time after her husband's death.
The eastern portion went to Mr. Watson's son Jonathan, who, with his sister, sold the property and moved to Upper Medford, now known as Symmes' Corner in Winchester.
Timothy Fitch was the purchaser, and was then a resident of Boston and Nantucket.
He never lived in this house, and it would seem that he purchased for investment.
Later he became a resident of Medford, buying the home of Parson Turell not long after the latter's death, which occured in 1778.
Mr. Fitch enlarged the house by building at its rear, extending the new portion by the ends of the original house, and building a large chimney therein.
This part was divided into numerous rooms, and sheds extended backward.
He did not remove the old gambrel roof, but covered the new portion with a roof of one continuous slope backward, the rafters being fitted against the older ones.
The attics of the older part were roughly plastered between the joists and the mode of construction ea