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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 167 167 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 53 53 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 16 16 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2 13 13 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 12 12 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: March 13, 1862., [Electronic resource] 10 10 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 8 8 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 7 7 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. 6 6 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 6 6 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1792 AD or search for 1792 AD in all documents.

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ground he hath indeed [Sayes Court]. And, among other rarities, a hive of bees; so as, being hived in glass, you may see the bees making their honey and combs mighty pleasantly. — Pepys's Diary, April, 1665. Movable comb-hives were invented in 1792. In their present form and adaptation they are considered the invention of Langstroth. In some countries it is usual to carry bees from place to place in their hives for change of pasture. This practice is extensively carried on in Egypt, whehe latter. See bond. See Mason's and bricklayer's tools, etc. Brick-ma-chine′. Bricks have been made by machinery for many years. Some of the early United States patents, of which the record was unfortunately burned in 1836, are dated 1792, 1793, 1800, 1802, 1806, 1807, and a tolerably constant stream has followed them. About 122 patents were granted in the United States previous to June, 1836, for brick and tile machines, and more than 500 patents have since that time been granted
he time of Julius Caesar. In the tenth century the nations of the Baltic used ropes of twisted rawhide thongs. The latter were used in Britain till the third century, and are yet used in Western Scotland for boats and draft. Chain-cables were used by the Britons. (CAeSAR.) They were common long ago in small sizes, but were only lately made for heavy craft. They have shackles at every 15 fathoms, sometimes swivels at 7 1/2 fathoms. Chain-cables were made in England by machinery in 1792, and introduced into the British merchantservice by Captain Brown of the Penelope, West India merchantman, 400 tons burden, 1811. The cable had twisted links. Brunton patented the stay in the middle of the link. See chain. The chain-cable was introduced into the British navy in 1812. In making chain-cables, the bar of 1, 1 1/2, or 2 inch iron is heated, and the scarf is made by a cutting- machine; an oblique cut on the end of the rod, giving a chamfer or lap to the cut surfaces,
amber, goose-neck, and suction-pipe. The work on the brakes was assisted by men on the box, who threw their weight upon treadles on the pumplevers. Pumps were single-action force-pumps, worked by chains passing over segments on the pumplevers. The engine was perhaps the first successful fire-engine, and Newsham did very well by it. His patent was extended for a second term. The engine which eventually superseded that of Newsham was made, rather than invented, by Simpkin, and patented in 1792. The main improvement was in compactness and adaptation to traveling with speed to the spot where its services were demanded. The valves were contained in separate chambers, instead of being placed in the cylinders and air-chamber. By this means they were easily reached, without the disconnection of the main portions of the pump. Another form of fire-engine was invented by Bramah, 1793, improved by Rowntree and eventually by Barton. The engine of the latter (A, Fig. 1989) was on the
water, and conveyed it in pipes from one place to another. In 1786, Lord Dundonald erected ovens or retorts in which he distilled coal and tar, and burned the issuing gas. He seems to have considered it an amusing experiment, and no more. In 1792, Mr. Murdoch, of Redruth, Cornwall, England, erected a gas-distilling apparatus and lighted his house and offices by gas distributed through service-pipes. In 1798, Murdoch lighted with gas the works of Boulton and Watt, Soho, near Birmingham. 9 refer to the fact. Dr. Hales in 1726 made a quantitative experiment as to the cubic inches of gas obtained from a given number of grains of coal. Lord Dundonald's patent of 1786 was for ovens or retorts in which coal was distilled. Murdoch in 1792 made lighting buildings by gas a success. See gas. Gas-retorts are made of iron or clay, and each in shape is a segment of a cylinder, the flat side forming the floor. These are set in a brick furnace, with their open ends presented outward
tt, of Derby, England, has a cylindrical iron fire-chamber a with flat or dome-shaped head, around which is built, leaving a certain interval, a structure b b of brick. The fuel is fed at c, sliding down the inclined plate s to the grate g. d is the ash-pit and drafthole. The heated air between the stove and its casing is admitted into the room through one or more apertures e. This is also known as the Belpre stove, as the cotton-factories of the inventor in that town were warmed by it in 1792. D is a stove erected by Sylvester for the Derby infirmary, on this principle. c c are the openings leading from the exterior of the building and supplying fresh air. The cockle a is cubical in form, and has a groined arch dome. It is made of iron plates riveted together. The smoke passes off by a narrow passage at the base of the cockle through the flue f. The brickwork surrounding the cockle is built with alternate openings between the bricks. Through these apertures are inserted pip
nd brought them to England, where he established a factory. In July, 1790, Thomas Clifford patented in England a machine for making nails from the prepared rod by drawing it between rollers having cavities corresponding to the shape of the nail; and in December of the same year he patented a process for drawing bars or plates to a varying thickness and cutting the nails therefrom by a punch. Machines of this kind were in operation at French's factory, Wineburne, Staffordshire, England, in 1792. Cut-nails were first made in this country. About 1775, Jeremiah Wilkinson of Cumberland, R. I., cut tacks from plates of sheet-metal, and afterward made nails and spikes in a similar manner, forming the heads in a vise. Ezekiel Reed of Bridgewater, Mass., in 1786, invented a machine for cutting nails from the plate, and in 1798 obtained a patent for cutting and heading them at one operation. Benjamin Cochran had also constructed a machine of this kind; and Josiah Person of New York
succession of pictures. This mode of pictorial representation was invented by Daguerre and Bouton. It has great facilities for scenic and illuminative accessories, by opaque and transparent painting, screens, shutters, reflectors, etc. A cyclorama, as its name indicates, is, or should be, a circular view. The invention of the panorama is due to Barker, a portrait-painter of Edinburgh, who obtained a patent for his invention in 1787. His panorama of Edinburgh was painted in 1789. In 1792 he exhibited his panorama of London. Fulton introduced the art into France, 1799. In 1821, during the absence for repairs of the cross of St. Paul's, Barker erected an observatory at that giddy hight, and during the summer completed his sketches on 280 sheets of drawing-paper, covering 1,680 square feet. The painting made from his drawing adorned the interior of the dome of the Athenaeum, Regent's Park, London. The panorama of the Mississippi was made in 1840 by the skill and patience o
intestines of animals, are, or have been, used at different times and in various countries for this purpose. The twisting of the fibers into strands, and laying up these into rope, was, from the earliest times until a comparatively recent period, almost entirely effected by manual labor; the simple means by which the process was effected hardly deserving to be called machines. A machine for this purpose was patented in England by Richard March in 1784, and another by Edward Cartwright in 1792. In 1805, Captain Huddard invented a series of machines, in which some of the features of the latter were introduced, by which hemp was successively combed, straightened, spun into yarns, tarred, twisted into strands, and finally laid up into rope. These were introduced into the dockyard at Chatham, England, and effected a great improvement in the manufacture of cables and cordage. See also English patents, — Sylvester, 1783; Seymour, 1784; Fothergill, 1793; Balfour, 1793, 1798; Chapman, 1
le-threaded screw were used. Since that time the tendency has been to reduce the length of the spiral. We find notices of the suggested or experimental use of the screw-propeller by Hooke, 1680; Duquet, 1727; Pancton, 1768; Watt, 1780; Seguin, 1792; Fulton, 1794; Cartwright, 1798; Shorter, 1802. The idea of propelling vessels by a screw in lieu of oars is mentioned in the Machines et Inventions approuvees par l'academie Royale des Sciences depuis 1727 jusqu à 1731. Franklin suggested ttwist to the thread, constitutes what is called the water-frame or throstle. Arkwright became very wealthy, built a fine castellated mansion, became high sheriff, was knighted, on two occasions gave £ 10,000 to each of his ten children, died in 1792, aged 60 years, leaving £ 500,000, was buried amidst the scenes of his history, a fine monument by Chantrey being placed over his tomb. See throstle; bobbin and fly frame. It would be a tedious tale to tell of the various suits brought to sup