d Congress was authorized to abolish the traffic in twenty years. In 1796, Mr. St. George Tucker, law professor in William and Mary College in Virginia, published a treatise entitled, a Dissertation on Slavery, with a proposal for the gradual abolition of it in the State of Virginia.
In the preface to the essay, he speaks of the abolition of Slavery in this State as an object of the first importance, not only to our moral character and domestic peace, but even to our political salvation.
In 1797 Mr. Pinkney, in the Legislature of Maryland, maintained that by the eternal principles of justice, no man in the State has the right to hold his slave a single hour.
In 1803, Mr. John Randolph, from a committee on the subject, reported that the prohibition of Slavery by the ordinance of 1787, was a measure wisely calculated to promote the happiness and prosperity of the North-western States, and to give strength and security to that extensive frontier.
Under Mr. Jefferson, the importation o