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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 147 147 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 52 52 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 28 28 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 23 23 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 20 20 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 17 17 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 14 14 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1 9 9 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 8 8 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 8 8 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1805 AD or search for 1805 AD in all documents.

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ng parallel series of ball-winders in a row on a single frame. The upper figures show the ball attached to and detached from its spindle, respectively. It was invented by M. I. Brunel. When he visited the mills of Strutt, in Derbyshire, about 1805, he said he observed they had adopted my [his] contrivance for winding cotton into balls. Ball′ing-tool. (Metallurgy.) A tool for aggregating the iron in a puddling-furnace, to fit it for conveyance to the tilt or squeezer. A rabble (FrA cross-brace stayed to the boiler between the frames of a locomotive. Bel′ly-rail. (Railroad-engineering.) A railroad rail with a fin or web descending between the portions which rest on the ties. It is seen in the improved Penrhyn rail, 1805; also in Stephenson and Losh's Patent, 1816. Bel′ly-roll. (Agriculture.) A roller with a protuberant midlength, to roll the sloping sides of adjacent lands or ridges. Belt. 1. (Machinery.) A strap or flexible band to communica
on. See also photographic camera. Cam′e-ra-lu′ci-da. Founded upon the invention of Baptista Porta (1589), by Dr. Hooke, about 1674. Improved by Wollaston, 1805. Phil. Trans., Vol. XXXVIII. p. 741. It consists of a glass prism a b c d, by means of which rays of light are bent by two reflections into a path at right angree in design with the character of the building. Chim′ney-shaft. The part of a chimney above the roof. Chim′neysweep′er. Invented in England by Smart, 1805, to supersede the climbing boys, who were so cruelly treated. A brush of rattan is fixed on the end of a rod which consists of jointed sections of cane, with a ro guide, and sliding bevel guide. He also invented making circular saws of segmental plates. One was patented in England by Trotter, 1804. Brunel's veneer-saw, 1805-1808. The double saw-mill shown in the illustration is of the Blandy pattern, selected from a multitude of others as a good specimen of its kind. a is the f
ven to it by Lavoisier. Black and Cavendish, in 1766, showed that carbonic acid (fixed air) and hydrogen gas (combustible air) are specifically distinct aeriform fluids. Gas was distilled from wood in Paris in 1802; from oil by Dr. Henry, in 1805; from refuse, oily, and fatty matter by Taylor, and patented in 1815. The operations of the Chinese being unknown to the outside barbarians, the streams of inflammable gas were for many centuries only objects of wonder and conjecture in the varwheel, then replaced the mass in the furnace, so that the vitreous matter might expand and fill up the spaces. He thus combined good pieces of glass, so as to build up lenses of flintglass of fine quality. Guinand joined Frauenhofer in Munich in 1805, and returned to his native canton in 1814, where he died, and was succeeded in his business by his sons. Glass-spin′ning. Brunfaut of Vienna works a process in which he makes curled or frizzled yarn of glass. The composition is a secret.
pipe a leading from a cistern of water n. As the water flows into the butt, it displaces the oil, which passes by pipe b to the lower chamber of the filter which stands on the head of the butt. It thence passes through the perforated plate, a body of charcoal c, and a second perforated plate, to the upper chamber f, from whence it is discharged by the faucet. Impurities in the lower part of the filter are discharged by the faucet k. Oil-gas. Gas was distilled from oil by Dr. Henry in 1805; and from refuse oily and fatty matters by Taylor, and patented in 1815. The apparatus for the distillation of oil to obtain a permanent gas consists of a furnace a and retort b, the latter being charged with coke or brick, on whose heated surfaces the oil drips continuously from a reservoir. The retort is a cylindrical vessel with a luted cover, and the oil is supplied in graduated quantities through a pipe e from a copper reservoir c. The gas evolved passes by an eduction-pipe f to
xtracting ink from old paper. 1803. Bryan Donkin produced a self-acting paper machine on Robert's plan. He had been employed by Didot and gamble for this purpose, and appears to have made great improvements on the original. 1804. Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier of London purchased the patents of Didot and Gamble. From the improvements made under their auspices and their manufacture of it on an extensive scale, it received the name of Fourdrinier machine, by which it is generally known. 1805. Donkin altered the position of the cylinders, and by dispensing with the upper web simplified the machine and enabled it to perform a greater amount of work. 1806. Francis Guy of Baltimore obtained a patent for paper carpeting. 1809. The cylinder machine invented by Dickenson, an English paper-maker. 1817. High glazing introduced by Heath; also English cardboard manufacture. 1819. The London Society of Arts and Manufactures awarded thirty guineas to Mr. Finsley for the invention
Woodhouse's hollow rail (e), with a channel for the rounded edge of the wheel, 1803. The fish-bellied rail at Penrhyn, 1805. Blenkinsop's rack-rail (f), 1811. See Fig. 2984, page 1344. A square-bodied cast rail (g), 1810. Losh and Stephscythes beneath the frame of the implement. This was the first patented reaper. 1800. Meares tried to adopt shears. 1805. Plucknett introduced a horizontal rotating circular blade. He had a score of followers, and the first machine used in thintelligent ideas on this subject. As early as 1795, a patent was taken out in England for a removable reflector, and in 1805, polished metallic reflectors were placed on each side of the fireplace, to be turned at any angle to reflect the heat of A machine for this purpose was patented in England by Richard March in 1784, and another by Edward Cartwright in 1792. In 1805, Captain Huddard invented a series of machines, in which some of the features of the latter were introduced, by which hemp
rked in by a process of hand darning. Norwich shawls were first produced entirely in the loom in 1805. Paisley then took up the manufacture and succeeded in producing successful imitation of Cashmerinated, or first developed, the following important features of modern naval warfare: Twin screw, 1805; armor plating, 1812: inclined armor, 1812 and 1841; training guns by rotating the vessel, 1812 a boat had been broken in two by the weight of machinery. Fulton returned to the United States in 1805, and, in concert with the Chancellor, commenced the building of the Clermont. of 160 tons. This See screw-propeller, pages 2070, 2071. Trevethick had a flue-boiler in his locomotive of 1802-1805. It had two flues, one direct and the other reverting, the chimney being over the fire-box. Snblower's steam-engine was an expansive engine, having two cylinders. His patents were 1781, 98, 1805. The steam was worked expansively in a second and larger cylinder, after a previous use in a pri
parating veneers from the solid block. Veneer-saws for ivory are sometimes made as small as 6 inches in diameter; more generally 15 to 20 inches. They are run at a lower rate of speed than those for wood, and are made to cut as many as 30 leaves to the inch. Those for wood are frequently of much larger size, are run at a higher velocity, and seldom cut more than 15 leaves to the inch. About one third the material is wasted in sawdust. The veneer-saw was invented by Isambard M. Brunel, 1805– 1808, and it was introduced by him into the Chatham Dockyard, and subsequently into his works at Battersea. A writer of 50 years since gives the following description of Mr. Brunel's workshop:— In a small building I was attracted by the solemn action of a steam-engine of 16 horse or 80 men power, and was ushered into a room, where it turned, by means of bands, four wheels, fringed with fine saws, two of 18 feet in diameter, and two of 9 feet. These circular saws were used for the pur
d by the needle. The oldest machine, made in 1764, was a modification of the stocking-frame, and was called the frame-looped net machine; six-sided meshes could be made, which held their form when starched, but shrunk like crape when damp. To this succeeded the warp-frame, which had looped stitches, but had so much more solidity that it could be cut and stitched like cloth. In 1810, there were 400 warp-looms at work making Mechlin net. Heathcote patented his first twist-net machine in 1805, and Lord Lyndhurst pronounced it the most wonderful machine ever invented. It was to make a net like the bobbin-net made on the pillow. As he observed: Cushion-made net had half the threads proceeding in wavy lines from end to end of the piece, and may be represented by warp-threads. The other threads, lying between the former, pass from side to side by an oblique course to the right and left, and may be called weftthreads. If the warp-threads could move relatively to the weftthreads so a