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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 133 133 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 54 54 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 25 25 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 24 24 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 20 20 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 16 16 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2 10 10 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 9 9 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 7 7 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 7 7 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1806 AD or search for 1806 AD in all documents.

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h regard to each other constitutes what is called the bond. There are two kinds of bond made use of in England and America, — English or old English, and Flemish, — the former, however, being much more commonly employed than the latter. See bond. See Mason's and bricklayer's tools, etc. Brick-ma-chine′. Bricks have been made by machinery for many years. Some of the early United States patents, of which the record was unfortunately burned in 1836, are dated 1792, 1793, 1800, 1802, 1806, 1807, and a tolerably constant stream has followed them. About 122 patents were granted in the United States previous to June, 1836, for brick and tile machines, and more than 500 patents have since that time been granted for brick-machines. The number is rapidly increasing. In England, probably over half that number are on record for making brick. It will be impossible in the space which can be devoted to that subject to do more than present a few examples of the different forms which<
ingle cylinder or Cornish engine, while Woolf revived and modified Hornblower's engine, and, by working it with high-pressure steam, obtained results far beyond those of the original inventor. Woolf's first engine was erected at Meux's brewery in 1806. He took up his residence in Cornwall about 1813, where he astonished the Cornish engineers with the results obtained, but ultimately they found that high-pressure steam, applied to the single-cylinder engines, produced equally good results at thving a force equal to the delivery of an impression from the damp ink of the manuscript upon a sheet of thin bibulous paper laid thereon and backed by a damp sheet. Other modes of copying are found. The manifold writer, invented by Wedgwood, 1806, and consisting of colored sheets alternating with thin paper, and giving a number of identical impressions by the action of a stylus. Hawkins's polygraph, in which several pencils are carried in a frame, each obeying the action of a principal
ere casually brought in contact. The cumulative effect of a number of simple batteries b (Fig. 2148) may be obtained by bringing them all into one circuit. Each copper plate is connected by a copper wire to the zinc of the next glass, and each transmits the electric current derived from the chemical action in its own glass, in addition to that derived from the action in the preceding glasses. The trough-battery c c′ was used by Sir Humphry Davy in his series of magnificent discoveries, 1806-8, when he isolated the metallic bases, calcium, sodium, potassium, etc. His trough had 2,000 double plates of copper and zinc, each having a surface of 32 square inches. It is like the compound battery just cited, except that instead of separate glasses, a row of water-tight cells are made in a single trough c′, and the plates are united to a bar of wood c and connected by wires, the copper of each to the zinc of the next pair, and so on all through. This arrangement of the plates enable
descendants in the third generation are yet inventing. He is entitled to the credit of first making the double-acting high-pressure steam-engine a success. In 1801, he built a floating dredging-machine, to which he fitted wheels connected with the engine, and conveyed it 1 1/2 miles to the place of launching. See high-pressure steamengine. It is stated that about 1803, a Mr. Fredericks made a locomotive for a silver-mine in Hanover. The principles of construction are unknown. In 1806, a locomotive to be driven by hot air was constructed by Niepce at Chalons, France. Trevethick's locomotive had a single cylinder, laid horizontally below the bottom or front part of the boiler, its reciprocating piston-rod being connected by another rod with a crank, at the midlength of an axle which carried a fly-wheel and a pair of cog-wheels, which geared into other spur-wheels on the axle of the driving-wheels. The engine was run upon a railway at Merthyr-Tydvil, in 1802, and drew te
una corda). It was played by quills, operated by jacks and keys on a key-board. It was one of the predecessors of the piano-forte. See piano-Forte. Man′i-fold Writ′er. A device by which a number of copies may be written at once, the pressure of the stylus being communicated through a number of leaves of thin paper, between each of which is a greasy sheet of colored paper that imparts its color to the page with which it is in contact. It was patented by Wedgwood in England in 1806. It has been much used by correspondents of the press, who thus write a number of letters to the various papers for which they cater. Man′i-kin. An artificial figure representing the human body, and capable of being dissected to show the relative position and proportions of the parts of the body it is designed to illustrate. It is frequently of papier-mache, the detachable pieces being painted in imitation of the viscera and other organs. A manikin in illustration of obstetric subj<
ge is, through the arm c engaging with the rack e, advanced the proper distance and the nulls or beads formed by the cutter h. A device for forming tenons on the ends of the piece may also be attached. Nulled work and lathe. Number-ing-ma-chine′. A machine for impressing consecutive numbers on account or record books (a paging-machine), coupons, railway certificates, bank-notes, railway tickets, etc. The notes of the Bank of England were numbered by a machine invented by Bramah, 1806. It printed the numbers upon them consecutively at a rate which dispensed with the labor of 100 clerks out of 120 who were detailed for that duty during the issue of £ 1 notes. The foundation idea is that of Blaise Pascal (1650), and consists of disks or wheels decimally numbered on their peripheries, the whole mounted on one axle, upon which they turn freely, acting upon each other in serial order, as explained under arithmometer. The first wheel of the series containing the units is mov
site to the doorway. The reel is turned by a wheel on the axis which extends outside the wall of the oven. c. The traveling-apron oven is another form of continuously working oven. In Crumbie's oven, April 9, 1872, shelves are suspended from a series of traveling axles, which are connected by an endless chain of bars and caused to travel in an elliptical path, presenting the shelves consecutively at the oven door, as described just above. An endless-apron oven was patented by Deneale in 1806. d. An endless chain with suspended trays, traveling in a tall vertical flue, is shown in Jennison's patent, February 1, 1859. Rotary-health bake-oven. Rotary oven. e. The rotary hearth is a circular floor having a cogged rim or a stem with a gear-wheel upon it. Fig. 3445 is an illustration of the former, and Fig. 3446 of the latter. In each case, the floor for the bread is in a dome-roofed chamber, heated from the furnace beneath. The oven usually forms a part of the flue,
and appears to have made great improvements on the original. 1804. Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier of London purchased the patents of Didot and Gamble. From the improvements made under their auspices and their manufacture of it on an extensive scale, it received the name of Fourdrinier machine, by which it is generally known. 1805. Donkin altered the position of the cylinders, and by dispensing with the upper web simplified the machine and enabled it to perform a greater amount of work. 1806. Francis Guy of Baltimore obtained a patent for paper carpeting. 1809. The cylinder machine invented by Dickenson, an English paper-maker. 1817. High glazing introduced by Heath; also English cardboard manufacture. 1819. The London Society of Arts and Manufactures awarded thirty guineas to Mr. Finsley for the invention of ivory paper. 1821. T. B. Crompton in England obtained a patent for drying and finishing paper by means of a cloth against heated cylinders, and the application o
ment, which they pushed before them. Up to 1823 but four inventors hitched the team in front of the implement: one was in 1806; the others in 1820, 1822, 1823. As soon as this idea did occur to the inventors, they made the horse walk alongside thal celebrity. Smith's machine was illustrated in Hall's Dictionary, in 3 vol., folio, 1811. Gladstone's reaping-machine 1806). 1806. Gladstone patented his front-draft, side-cut, revolvingknife machine. A segment bar with fingers gathered the1806. Gladstone patented his front-draft, side-cut, revolvingknife machine. A segment bar with fingers gathered the grain and held the straw while the knife cut it, the fingers having the function of shear-blades. The forward draft was also adopted by Mann in 1820, and by Ogle, 1822, in his reciprocating cutter-bar machine. 1807. Salmon had a machine with soma fuse, so as to burst at or before the time of striking. These rockets were first employed in the attack on Boulogne, in 1806, and again at Copenhagen, in 1807. They were also used at the battle of Leipsic, 1813, by the British rocket troop, an or
Hoboken. The boat itself is shown at b. In 1844, this machinery was placed in a vessel modeled on the lines of the first boat, which, in the presence of a committee of the American Institute, it propelled at the rate of 8 miles an hour. In 1806, he built a second and larger boat called the Phoenix, with which he made a successful trip to Albany in August, 1807, but a few days after that of Fulton, in the Clermont. This, in which a single screw was employed, is shown at c. Stevens's e man is due the credit of the introduction of steam-navigation. The verdict of his countrymen is about right after all. It is not always that the general voice blends so harmoniously with the facts. Charles Brown had built for Fulton, between 1806 and 1812, six steamboats of lengths varying from 78 to 175 feet, and tonnage 120 to 337, prior to the practical working of any steamboat in Europe. Fulton built the first steamboat on the Western rivers, at Pittsburg, in 1811. The Orleans, of
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