any increase of the public burdens would fall in the same increased proportion on herself.
For the additional weight which the South gained in the presidential election, by this adjustment, the North received no compensation.
But now mark the practical operation of the compromise.
Direct taxation, instead of being the chief resource of the Treasury, has been resorted to but four times since the foundation of the Government, and then for small amounts; in 1798 two millions of dollars, in 1813 three millions, in 1815 six millions, in 1816 three millions again, in all fourteen millions, the sum total raised by direct taxation in seventy-two years, less than an average of 200,000 dollars a year.
What number of representatives, beyond the proportion of their free population, the South has elected in former Congresses I have not computed.
In the last Congress she was represented by twenty members, in behalf of her slaves, being nearly one-eleventh part of the entire House.
As the in