hide Matching Documents

The documents where this entity occurs most often are shown below. Click on a document to open it.

Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 255 255 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 30 30 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 26 26 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 24 24 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 22 22 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 14 14 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 12 12 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 12 12 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 9 9 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 6 6 Browse Search
View all matching documents...

Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1813 AD or search for 1813 AD in all documents.

Your search returned 26 results in 14 document sections:

1 2
ldiers reposing on one in time of war. The mode of inflation by bellows is also indicated. We see indications of the same idea in the account given of the sports of Heliogabalus, who had collapsing cushions wherewith he tricked his guests. See air-bed. See also hydrostatic bed. We are indebted to Dr. Arnott for the invention of the water-bed, which was contrived by him for the purpose of supporting the body without sensible inequality of pressure, thus preventing bed-sores. Clark, in 1813, and MacIntosh, in 1823, improved the matter by contributing a better material. The india-rubber cloth was long known simply as MacINTOSHntosh. Air-bed Bed-bot′tom. A device attached to a bedstead on which the bed immediately rests. The object to be attained is to secure sufficient strength with a certain degree of elasticity, and for this purpose many contrivances have been devised, among the best known of which is probably the old-fashioned sacking bottom, having eyelet-holes
se, bearing the ship up with them. By this apparatus, a vessel could be raised from four to six feet. A primitive arrangement of this sort was used by Perry in 1813, by which he succeeded in getting his two largest vessels, which drew too much water to cross the bar, out of the harbor of Erie, Penn., in the face of the enemy. btained results far beyond those of the original inventor. Woolf's first engine was erected at Meux's brewery in 1806. He took up his residence in Cornwall about 1813, where he astonished the Cornish engineers with the results obtained, but ultimately they found that high-pressure steam, applied to the single-cylinder engines, p Power-loom, Rev. D. E. Cartwright, 1785. Cotton-gin, Eli Whitney, 1794. Dressing-machine, Johnson and Radcliffe, 1802– 1804. Power-loom, Horrocks, 1803-1813. Mule, Samuel Crompton, 1774-1779. Self-acting mule, Roberts, 1825. See cotton, flax, wool, hemp, silk, etc., appliances, p. 631. A cotton-factory cite
o have mounted 212 guns, principally 32-pounders, which were considered heavy guns in those days; they were manned with more than 5,600 men, and provided with furnaces for heating shot and arrangements for extinguishing fires. They were constructed by D'Arcon, a French engineer, and were first employed in the attack of September 13, 1782, and sustained the heaviest fire of the British during nearly the whole of that day without apparent injury, but were at last set on fire by hot shot. In 1813, Robert Fulton submitted a plan to the United States government for the construction of a large floating-battery, which was accordingly built; she was 156 feet in length, 56 feet beam, and 20 feet deep, propelled by a single wheel 16 feet in diameter; her sides were very thick, and she is said to have attained a speed of five miles an hour against the tide. During the Crimean war the French constructed several floating-batteries, which were sent into the Black Sea, and rendered very effici
smoke. — Monthly Magazine, London, June 1, 1805. In 1803 – 4, Winsor lighted the Lyceum Theater and took out a patent for lighting streets by gas. He established the first gas-company. In 1804 – 5, Murdoch lighted the cotton-factory of Philips and Lee, Manchester, the light being estimated as equal to 3,000 candles. This was the largest undertaking up to that date. In 1807, Winsor lighted one side of Pall Mall, London; the first street lighting. Westminster Bridge was lighted in 1813. Houses of Parliament, London, in the same year. Streets of London generally, 1815. Streets of Paris, the same year. James McMurtrie proposed to light streets of Philadelphia, 1815. Baltimore commenced the use of gas, 1816. Boston, 1822. New York City, 1825. The Newton gas-well, six miles from Titusville, Pa., discharges at the rate of three millions of cubic feet of gas every day of twenty-four hours. The gas issues under a pressure of from twenty to thirty pounds per squ<
by John Cox Stevens of New Jersey, 1791 – 1807; English patent, May 31, 1805. He used a Watt engine, cylinder 4 1/2 inches diameter, 9 inches stroke. Boiler 2 feet long, 15 inches wide, and 12 inches high, with 81 copper tubes 1 inch in diameter. Boat, 25 feet long, 5 feet beam; tried in May, 1804; velocity, 4 to 8 miles per hour. Not desiring to anticipate what should be said under locomotive and steamboat, suffice it to say that William Hadley's locomotive Puffing Billy was built in 1813, and had a long career of usefulness. Stephenson's first locomotive was built after seeing Trevethick's, as improved by Blackett for Lord Ravensworth's colliery, in 1814, and had grooved sheaves to increase adherence. Locomotives on Stephenson's plan were used on the Stockton and Darlington Railway, opened in 1825. Stephenson's Rocket was successful over three other competitors in the trial on the rails of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 1829. It used the multitubular boiler by the
-press work. In power-presses, several rollers are employed, which are fed with ink from a trough, distributing it and transferring it to the inking-roller. The composition of glue and molasses was invented by Donkin and Bacon (English patent, 1813). It is stated to have been previously used by one Edward Dyas of Madeley, Shropshire, England, who was indebted to an accidental overturning of his glue-pot to the suggestion of using the lump of semi-hardened glue. Francis and Letmate's patenet, and bomb-proofing the decks. The largest of these vessels was 1,400 tons burden; their armament was 32-pounders, and they were manned by 500 men. They had furnaces for heating shot. These vessels were finally set on fire by red-hot shot. In 1813, Fulton constructed a steam floating-battery for the United States. The first application of iron for this purpose was by the French, during the Crimean war in 1855, to gunboats. These had a displacement of about 2,000 tons, were 172 feet in l
30 tons weight 3 3/4 miles per hour. In 1812, Blackett made a series of experiments which proved that the expedient of a pinion and rack-rail was unnecessary; and Chapman patented a A, Blenkinsop's locomotive (1811). B, Hedley's locomotive (1813)> locomotive with eight wheels driven by gearing, for the purpose of increasing the tractive adhesion. In the same year, Brunton invented a means of driving a locomotive by two propellers consisting of jointed rods intended to imitate the action of the hind legs of a horse. Analogous contrivances were adopted by Gordon and Gurney. In the spring of 1813, William Hedley built a locomotive with four smooth drive-wheels, to run on a smooth rail. The machine failed to accomplish much, on account of its small boiler. Hedley thereupon the same year built another engine (shown at B, Fig. 2984), having a return-flue boiler, and mounted on eight driving-wheels, which were coupled together by intermediate gear-wheels on the axles, and all pr
nder and the boiler and condenser in low-pressure or condensing engines, and between the cylinder and boiler and atmosphere in highpressure or non-condensing engines. Exhaust-nozzle of locomotives. c. The exhaust of locomotives and some other engines, such as the agricultural and saw-mill engines, known as portable, is directed into the chimney, the original purpose of which was to urge the draft. This was adopted in the locomotive of Trevethick in 1802, by Hedley in his locomotive of 1813, and by several of the competitors at the great trial of locomotives on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1829. It is a valuable feature in agricultural engines, besides its function as a blast, in dampening the sparks which might set buildings or straw on fire. The locomotive engineer governs his blast by means of a variable exhaust-nozzle, which he opens or partially closes according to the requirements of the engine, its immediate duty, and the state of the fire. In the illust
to correct the deformities of children, such as curved spine, club-foot, etc. See club-foot apparatus. Os′cil-lat-ing—cyl′in-der Steam—en′gine. (Steam.) A simple form of engine, in which the cylinder rocks on trunnions and the piston-rod connects directly to the crank. It was invented by James Watt, and was brought into use by Maudslay. Watt's model, made at Soho in 1763, was exhibited at the London Exhibition of 1851. Witty of Hull patented the oscillating cylinder in England in 1813. English patent, June 5. Goldsworth Gurney was in some way associated with the improvement of it, and has been credited with the invention. It was introduced by those two famous makers of marine and river engines, Maudslay and Field and Penn and Sons. This engine has a cylinder mounted on gudgeons or trunnions, generally near the middle of its length, on which it is capable of swaying to and fro through a small arc, so as to enable the piston-rod to follow the movements of the
s a substitute for the hempen packing in pistons was invented by Murdock and Aiken of Glasgow, in 1813. The wedge metallic piston (e) is formed by rings cut into a number of parts, pressed upon theti-friction wheels behind the shares were invented almost simultaneously in England and Scotland, 1813– 15. Wilkie's (Scotch) plow d of this class was invented in 1825. The wheel is journaled to runconsistency, which is determined by cooling a small quantity. Donkin and Bacon's English Patent, 1813. The roller is cast in a hollow cylindrical mold, a wooden core with metallic bearings being f1725; inking-rollers, by Nicholson; composition inking-rollers, by Donkin and Bacon of London, in 1813. The Roman alphabet is used for the body of printed matter in English books and newspapers, tho single machines to form a perfecting-press, but did not succeed. Donkin and Bacon's machine, 1813, was built for the University of Cambridge, England. Several forms were attached on the sides of
1 2