attack before or after the passage of a river.
The Romans formed this order at the battle of Cosilinum; the French at Ramilies in 1706, at Fleurus in 1794, at Essling in 1809, and at the second and third days of Leipsic in 1813, and at Brienne in 1814.
(Figure 23.) The order by echelon on one wing may be frequently employed with advantage; but if the echelon be made on both wings, there is the same objection to its use as to the perpendicular order on both wings.
At Dresden, Napoleon attackes are principally objected to. They cannot be handled with the facility and rapidity of columns of regiments by divisions.
The attack of Nansouty's cavalry, formed in this way, on the Prussian cavalry, deployed it advance of Chateaou-Thierry, in 1814, is a good proof of this.
Cavalry may be brought to a charge--1st, in columns; 2d, in line ; and 3d, in route, or at random, (à la debandade.) These may also be varied by charging either at a trot or a gallop.
All these modes have been employe
The following table, copied from the Spectateur Militaire, shows the state of the army at six different periods between 1788 and 1842.
It omits, of course, the extraordinary levies of the wars of the Revolution and of the Empire.
Dates. Population. Budget.Army.Remarks.
Of State.Of the Army.Peace Estab.War Estab.
181428,000,000800,000,000180,000,000255,000340,000Ordinance of 1814.
182331,000,000900,000,000200,000,000280,000390,000Minister of War.
183032,000,0001,000,000,000220,000,000312,000500,000Report of Minister of War.
184034,000,0001,170,000,000242,000,000312,000-Budget of 1840.
184235,000,0001,200,000,000285,000,000370,000520,000Estimated Expenses of 1842.
From these data we see that the great European powers at the present day maintain, in time of peace, military establishments equal to about one-hundredth part of their entire population.
one thousand troops.
The whole attempt was a perfect failure.
In 1814, when the English advanced against Antwerp, says Colonel Mitchell, a alone prevented the Americans from destroying the men-of-war.
In 1814 a British fleet of four vessels, carrying ninety-two guns, attacked force of five to one was repelled by the land-battery.
Again, in 1814, a barbette battery of one four-pounder and two eighteen-pounder gunion of any killed.
The fleet sent to the attack of Baltimore, in 1814, consisted of forty sail, the largest of which were ships of the lined Fort Washington by the British fleet that ascended the Potomac in 1814, to assist in the disgraceful and barbarous operation of burning the181559,865
Illustrious,7418031813 to 181674,184
Northumberland,74--1814 to 181559,795
Kent,74--1814 to 181888,357
Sultan,7418071816 to 1811814 to 181888,357
Sultan,7418071816 to 181861,518
Sterling Castle,74 1816 to 181865,280
This table, although incomplete, gives for the above fifteen ships, during a period of les