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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 268 268 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 36 36 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 29 29 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 28 28 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 18 18 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 12 12 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 12 12 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 11 11 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 10 10 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 10 10 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1814 AD or search for 1814 AD in all documents.

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ing it out preparatory to the chisels, gouges, and scorpers of the carver. As early as 1800, a Mr. Watt, of London, built a machine that carved medallions and figures in ivory and ebony, producing some very handsome work with great rapidity; in 1814 and 1815, Mr. John Isaac Hawkins, of the same city, produced a similar machine for the same purposes; in 1828, a Mr. Cheverton built a machine for similar purposes, the operations of which attracted considerable attention throughout Europe. Brs, covering a new construction of an equation clock, showing the difference between apparent and mean time. In 1802, in which year Willard of Boston took a patent for his time-pieces, Terry began the business on a larger scale by water power. In 1814 he introduced a new era in the business by commencing on the Naugatuck River the manufacture of the shelf or mantel clock, which he patented in 1816. The cheapness of these created a wide demand. Several improvements made by him in the mechanis
d good pieces of glass, so as to build up lenses of flintglass of fine quality. Guinand joined Frauenhofer in Munich in 1805, and returned to his native canton in 1814, where he died, and was succeeded in his business by his sons. Glass-spin′ning. Brunfaut of Vienna works a process in which he makes curled or frizzled yarn d cords, which is made continuous as a fascia. Guil′lo-tine. A machine for beheading persons, named after Joseph Ignace Guillotin, a French physician (1738 – 1814), its supposed inventor. He did not invent it, but seeing that his Revolutionary friends had a large job of killing on hand, he suggested its use as a certain andd has less of humiliation than the cutting and choking processes. It is a vulgar error that Dr. Guillotin perished by the machine of his suggestion. He died in 1814, after founding the Academy of Medicine. The myth seems to have been derived from the Regent Morton's having been beheaded by his imported pet. This kind of poe<
h. (Photography.) 1. A sun-picture. Heliography is the name given to the art of taking sun-pictures by Nicephore Niepce, who was the first to take a permanent picture. He used the bitumen of Judea on tin and pewter plates. He commenced in 1814, thus preceding Daguerre, who worked upon silver plates with the vapors of iodine and mercury. In 1829 they became associated, and thereafter they worked together. See photography. 2. An instrument constructed by De la Ruc for obtaining photuffice it to say that William Hadley's locomotive Puffing Billy was built in 1813, and had a long career of usefulness. Stephenson's first locomotive was built after seeing Trevethick's, as improved by Blackett for Lord Ravensworth's colliery, in 1814, and had grooved sheaves to increase adherence. Locomotives on Stephenson's plan were used on the Stockton and Darlington Railway, opened in 1825. Stephenson's Rocket was successful over three other competitors in the trial on the rails of the L
-phone. An instrument invented by Professor Wheatstone, to illustrate the phenomena of waves of sound. An elastic thin bar is fixed by one of its extremities, and at its free end carries a silvered or polished ball; a ray of light is reflected from this ball, and when the thin plate is put in vibration, the fine point of light describes various curves, corresponding with the musical notes produced by the vibrations. Ka-lei′do-scope. An optical instrument, invented by David Brewster, 1814-17. An arrangement of mirrors produces a symmetrical reflection of beautiful images, derived from the association of pieces of colored glass, which assume new relations as the tube is slowly rotated. This instrument is first noticed by Baptista Porta in his Natural magic, under the name of polyphaton. Kircher describes a similar invention of his own, but the application of two reflectors so inclined to each other as to form symmetrical images, changing as the instrument is rotated, was i
ice de Maternite in Paris, to measure new-born infants. Med′al. An ancient or a memorial coin. Me-dal′lic En-grav′ing. In this beautiful art the direction and distance of the lines are so modified as to give the appearance of a figure or object in relief. It is executed by machinery. The machines of M. Collas and Mr. Bate, as well as those of Asa Spencer, Mr. Froude, and Mr. Saxon, are all improvements upon an apparatus described in a French work, the Manuel de Tourneur, about 1814. This machine will give a good general idea of the construction of these machines, and its operation is as follows: — The medal and the copper on which the medal is to be engraved are fixed on two sliding plates at right angles to each other, and so connected that when the plate on which the metal is fixed is raised vertically by a screw, the side holding the copper plate is advanced by an equal quantity in the horizontal direction. The medal is fixed on the vertical slide, with its fac
paddle-shaft. b. Dawson's feathering paddle-wheel (A, Fig. 3476), 1814, has floats attached to radial rods which rotate on their axes so as United States service until 1842. Caps were invented in England in 1814 by Joshua Shaw. He came to the United States for the purpose of prorded as consisting of calorific, colorific, and chemical rays. In 1814, Joseph Nicephore Niepce, of Chalon on the Saone, directed his attennext in importance to the lathe, and has, since its invention, about 1814, been much modified and improved. Its use has effected a complete cuce. Evidence before committees of the British House of Commons, in 1814 and 1821, showed that the English rent was about the same. The hef energy the institution languished until Dr. Guillie took charge in 1814. The first book in relief in the English language was printed by onstructed a printing-machine for Mr. Walter of the London Times, in 1814; the issue of the 28th of November of that year, being printed on Ko
Benjamin Cummins, at Bentonsville, N. Y., about 1814. This is supposed to have been the first made A fast-rowing warboat of Naples and Sicily; in 1814-15 they ranged to 150 feet, pulled by 40 sweeps to have set himself to the problem in 1843, in 1814 he devised the curved needle and interlocking sa number of black lines in the spectrum; and in 1814, Fraunhofer, pursuing the investigation, had di. The next vessel was the Comet, of 25 tons, in 1814. She made three or four trips, was taken to picotton factory. The third was the Vesuvius, in 1814. She made a number of trips, but eventually exe British Islands. Bell's boat, comet. In 1814, there were 5 steamers making regular passage iajestic was navigated from Glasgow to Dublin in 1814, by Dodd. In 1817, 7 steamboats plied on the TAmerica was the New Testament, in bourgeois, in 1814. The curving of stereotype-plates to adapt th firing guns under water in New York Harbor in 1814, and was successful in penetrating a bulkhead r[1 more...]
, 20; nickel, 8; cobalt, 5; copper, 8; bismuth, 2. See alloy. Type-re-volv′ing press. (Printing.) That form of press in which the type is secured on a cylinder, which revolves and presents the form successively to the inking-roller and to the paper. See cylinder-press. Principles of type-revolving press's. Fig. 6850 shows the principles of the type-revolving presses. See printing-press. 1. Nicholson, 17906. Cowper, 1815 2. Nicholson, 1790.7. Cowper, 1815. 3. Konig, 1814.8. Applegath and Cowper. 4. Konig, 1818.9. Applegath and Cowper. 5. Donkin and Bacon, 1813.10. Applegath, 1827. Hoe's ten-cylinder machine is described and represented under cylinder-press. Plate XI. See also web-press; perfect-ing-press. Type-set′ting ma-chine′. A composingma-chine for type. There are several varieties of machines for this purpose. Ordinarily, they have separate pockets or galleys for each sort, and the mechanical arrangement is such that on touching th