ture of the raw material in the South.
The Northern manufacturers of America were slightly protected in 1789 because they were too feeble to stand alone.
Reared into magnitude under the restrictive system and the war of 1812, they were upheld in 1816 because they were too important to be sacrificed, and because the great staple of the South had a joint interest in their prosperity.
King Cotton alone, not in his manhood, not in his adolescence, not in his infancy, but in his very embryo state,axation, instead of being the chief resource of the Treasury, has been resorted to but four times since the foundation of the Government, and then for small amounts; in 1798 two millions of dollars, in 1813 three millions, in 1815 six millions, in 1816 three millions again, in all fourteen millions, the sum total raised by direct taxation in seventy-two years, less than an average of 200,000 dollars a year.
What number of representatives, beyond the proportion of their free population, the Sout