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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 228 228 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 40 40 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1 32 32 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 29 29 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 24 24 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 18 18 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 18 18 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 17 17 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 14 14 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 9 9 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1828 AD or search for 1828 AD in all documents.

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r suspended at the side of a vessel to facilitate the passage to and from the boats alongside. Side ladders and stern ladders hang from these parts of a ship. Ac-cor′de-on. A free-reed instrument introduced into England from Germany about 1828. The exterior form of this instrument is a parallelopiped. The action consists of a bank of vibrating reeds or tongues which are operated by the bellows. Keys open the air-ducts to the respective reeds as the bellows are expanded and contractedhaving been furnished with instruments at a very great expense. The Greenwich Observatory was erected five years later; Flamstead, under the title of Astronomer Royal, was its first superintendent. The Yale College Observatory was started in 1828, a donation made by Mr. Clark being expended in buying a telescope of Mr. Dollond of London. It has a focal length of ten feet, and five inches aperture. The Williams College Observatory was the first regularly constituted observatory in the U
ty of the boiling syrup or other solution; to raise fluids on the principle of the Giffard injector, as in some of the ejectors used in deep oil-wells; to assist in the dispersion of liquids, as in atomizers, and some ice-making machines. The fan-blower is believed to have been invented by Teral, 1729. The water-bellows by Horn blower. Blowing-machines were erected by Smeaton at the Carron Iron Works, 1760. The hot-air blast was invented by James Neilson, of Glasgow, and patented in 1828. Wooden bellows, in which one open-ended box is made to slip within another, with valves for the induction and eduction of air, were used at Nuremberg, 1550. They were used in the next century for smelting, blacksmithing, and for organs. Such a machine is in principle the same as Fig. 106, and the converse of that shown in Fig. 114. P. Fannenschmid of Thuringia appears to have made, about 1621, a much more effective blower than was previously used by the metallurgists of his section.
ucing some very handsome work with great rapidity; in 1814 and 1815, Mr. John Isaac Hawkins, of the same city, produced a similar machine for the same purposes; in 1828, a Mr. Cheverton built a machine for similar purposes, the operations of which attracted considerable attention throughout Europe. Braithwaite's carving processtayed after the workmen had left, and cast an iron pot in a mold of fine sand with a two-part flask, and with air-holes for the escape of steam, etc. From 1709 to 1828 a business partnership was maintained in the persons of themselves and their descendants, and the process is stated to have been kept secret at Coalbrookdale till home as curiosities by the captains of India ships that had touched at Ceylon; and, finding this better than the New Hampshire graphite, he procured a shipment in 1828, being the first lot of Ceylon graphite ever brought to the United States, and the first known use of foliated graphite for crucible making. About 1830 Mr. Dixon
nt, and his may be considered the progenitor of the numerous compound and duplex steam-engines which have proved so successful. See also Tippett's English patent, 1828. This form of engine is extensively used in France, and the monster pumping-engines, with 144-inch cylinders, erected for draining the Haarlem Mere, from the de7; then by Earl Stanhope about 1803. It was used on the river Thames about 1830. Dumb-bells. Dumb-furnace. Nairn's propelling apparatus, English patent, 1828, has the contractile retreat and expanding advance, the advance being understood to mean the effective stroke. Duc′ti-lim′e-ter. An instrument invented by M.8,000,000 In 1826, the improved Cornish engine, average duty30,000,000 Pounds, 1 foot high. In 1827, the improved Cornish engine, average duty32,000,000 In 1828, the improved Cornish engine, average duty37,000,000 In 1829, the improved Cornish engine, average duty41,000,000 In 1830, the improved Cornish engine, average d
hrough pipes extending into each flue near its bottom. The external jacket of the furnace is filled with coalashes. A water-pan above the fire-pot is fed from an external communicating vessel. Hot-air furnace. Hot-air furnace. Hot-bed frame. The structure of sides and ends on which the sash of a hot-bed rest. Hot-blast. A blast of air heated previous to its introduction into the smelting-furnace. The process was invented by Nielson, of Glasgow, Scotland, and patented in 1828. In 1845, Budd patented in England the utilization of the heated gases from the blastfurnace for heating the blast. By means of the hot-blast, anthracite coals were used successfully in smelting iron in Wales, in 1837, and at Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, in 1838, 1839. Hot-blast Fur′nace. The temperature of the air, previous to its being thrown upon the charge in the furnace, is raised to about 600° in an outer chamber or in a series of pipes. These are variously arranged. In that
bodies, tar, and graphite tend to prevent adhesion. The nature of the water to be treated determines the substance which shall be used. Scott's English patent, 1828, describes a mode of catching the deposit which forms the incrustation by placing pans or trays in the boiler; these intercept the falling deposit. Taylor's Engd from the pipe a b by an inner tube down to the bottom of the pipe e, in which it is flashed into steam. Instantaneous generators. Jennings's steam-engine, 1828 (C, Fig. 2685), has a piston or plunger m which moves in a cylinder n when water is injected beneath it by means of the pump o. Means of escape for the expanded senry Cort, of Gosport, in 1784, made it practicable, and added grooved rolls, by which the puddled bar was drawn. Neilson, of Glasgow, introduced the hot blast in 1828. Aubulot, in France, in 1811, and Budd, in England, in 1845, heated the blast by the escaping hot gases of the blast-furnace. The Calder works, in 1831, demonstr
machines of 12 tons. After a few years of inglorious retirement, some one, not totally oblivious of how it would look in history, recalled the old soldier from his limbo, and now he enjoys the company of his elder brother, Hedley's Puffing Billy, in the English Patent Museum. In Fig. 2986, A is an elevation of the Rocket. The boiler a is a cylinder 6 feet long, and has 25 tubes. This feature was due to Mr. Henry Booth, though a tubular boiler had been patented by M. Seguin in France, in 1828. The fire-box b has two tubes, communicating with the boiler below and above, and is surrounded by an exterior casing, into which the water from the boiler flows and is maintained at the same level as that in the boiler. B is a longitudinal vertical section of a modern English locomotive. The boiler is surrounded by two casings, one within the other, united by stays. The tubes a are of brass, 124 in number, and the boiler has longitudinal stays connecting the ends. b is the smoke-box,
e the axes to oscillate to the extent of 90°. Head's improvement, 1828, has two leaves to each float; these open so as not to oppose the acwhich support them. 5. Stevens's crank-axle paddle (D) (English), 1828, has three paddles attached separately to the arms of a three-throw eam or center h. 6. Nairn's collapsing paddle (English patent, 1828) is allied in principle to the duck's-foot propeller. A number of lon of soda and combined with potato starch, for the same purpose. 1828. George Dickenson patented an improvement in papermachines, consistihe paper. A similar contrivance was also introduced by Donkin. 1828. Professor Cowper patented in England a paper-cutting machine which was refused as an alien. In 1822, he patented a percussion-lock; in 1828, the percussion-wafer primer. He subsequently received $17,000 froms which form a tongue. The Woodworth planing-machine, patented in 1828 and twice extended, became an odious monopoly, and did much to discr
on against a rise in the scythe-frame toward the center, and by the same motion is afterward thrown off in a regular row, following the center of the machine. The machine of the Rev. Patrick Bell was tried at Powrie County, Forfar, Scotland, in 1828. It cut a swath of five feet with the power of a single house, about an acre an hour. It was used again in 1829, and occasionally for a few years succeeding, then slept till 1851, when the World's Fair of 1851 in London introduced the American mel was driven by bevel-gearing. The following machines are American:— 1825. Ten Eyk had a horizontal cylinder, with spiral knives cutting against straight edges. The same was shown by Budding in 1830. Bell's reaping-machine (1826). 1828. Samuel Lane, of Maine, combined the reaper and thrasher. 1831. Manning had a row of fingers and a reciprocatingknife. It was pushed in front of the horse. 1833. Schnebly had a horizontal endless apron traveling intermittingly, and deliveri
on and Watt supplied the steam-engines by which the blowers were driven. Neilson, of Glasgow, introduced the hot blast in 1828. Aubulos, in France, in 1811, and Budd, in England, in 1845, heated the blast by the escaping hot gases of the blast-furn-lathe. A lathe for turning irregular forms. The foundation of the machine is the Thomas Blanchard patented machine of 1828, shown at A Fig. 2836, page 1264. Many improvements have been added. See lathe for turning irregular forms, pages 1263may be fired alternately, so that one will consume the smoke of the other. Tippet's boiler (Fig. 5627), English patent, 1828, was a large Tippet's boiler (English). cylinder with a smaller interior cylinder, which formed the fireplace and flue. der model, page 1457. The several forms of engines are considered under the specific heads. The Cornish, pages 626 and 1828; the Haarlem Mere engines, pages 1830, 1831; Portable, pages 1769, 1770; Worthington Duplex, Plate XV. opposite page 763;
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