Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1830 AD or search for 1830 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Census, United States (search)
rs and over were to be distinguished from those under that age. By that census there were 3,929,214 persons in the United States, of whom 697,681 were slaves and 59,527 were free colored persons. In 1810 the act provided for an enumeration of the inhabitants, distinguishing between races, sexes, and ages. In 1820 another step forward was taken, in that it was required of the enumerators that their reports show the number of persons engaged in agriculture, manufactures, and commerce. In 1830 there was required an enumeration of the deaf, dumb, and blind, but there were no statistics of agriculture, manufactures, or commerce. In 1838 preparations were made for taking the sixth census, and the act is very comprehensive, embracing the enumeration of the population, with classification, according to age, sex, and color, the deaf, dumb, and blind, insane, idiots, free and slave colored; number of persons drawing pensions from the United States, with their names and ages; also statist
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Channing, William Ellery 1780-1842 (search)
Channing, William Ellery 1780-1842 Clergyman; born in Newport, R. I., April 7, 1780; graduated at Harvard in 1798 with highest honors; was a teacher in a private family in Richmond, Va., for a year afterwards; and, returning in feeble health in 1802, studied theology, and became pastor of the Federal Street Church in Boston, June 1, 1803. All through his laborious life he suffered from ill-health. In 1822 he sought physical improvement by a voyage to Europe, and in 1830 he went to St. Croix, William Ellery Channing W. I., for the same purpose. With a colleague he occasionally officiated in the pulpit until 1840, when he resigned. In August, 1842, he delivered his last public address at Lenox, Mass., in commemoration of the abolition of slavery in the West Indies. Mr. Channing contributed much towards stimulating anti-slavery feeling. He died in Bennington, Vt., Oct. 2, 1842.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cheney, Theseus Apoleon 1830-1878 (search)
Cheney, Theseus Apoleon 1830-1878 Historian; born in Leon, N. Y., March 16, 1830; educated at Oberlin. When the Republican party was forming he suggested its name in an address at Conewango, N. Y., Aug. 20, 1854. His publications include Report on the ancient monuments of Western New York; Historical sketch of Chemung Valley; Historical sketch of eighteen counties of Central and Southern New York; Relations of government to Science; and Antiquarian researches. He died in Starkey, N. Y., Aug. 2, 1878.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cheves, Langdon 1776-1857 (search)
man; born in Abbeville District, S. C., Sept. 17, 1776. Admitted to the bar in 1800, he soon became eminent as a lawyer and as a leader in the State legislature, which he entered in 1808. He was attorney-general of the State, and was a member of Congress from 1811 to 1816, zealously supporting all war measures introduced. When, in 1814, Henry Clay was sent to negotiate a treaty of peace with Great Britain, he succeeded the Kentuckian as speaker of the House, which place he held for a year, his casting vote defeating a bill for the rechartering of the United States Bank. The bank was rechartered in 1816; and when in trouble in 1819 Cheves was appointed president of its directors, and by his great energy and keen judgment it was saved from dissolution. He became chief commissioner under the treaty of Ghent for settling some of its provisions. He was a public advocate of disunion as early as the year 1830, but opposed nullification (q. v.). He died in Columbia, S. C., June 25, 1857.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chicago, (search)
s, Mrs. Heald's uncle, who came from Fort Wayne with some mounted Miamis who were friendly. He knew the danger, and had hastened to attempt to divert it. He was too late, for the fort was abandoned when he arrived. His cowardly Miamis fled at the first onset of the Pottawatomies, and he was crushed by overwhelming numbers. The fort was re-established in 1816, and was occupied until 1837. The last vestige of it—a block-house—was demolished in 1856. A town was laid out near the fort in 1830, which embraced threeeighths of a square mile. In 1831 it comprised twelve families, besides the little garrison of Fort Dearborn. The town was organized in 1833, with five trustees, when it contained 550 inhabitants. It was incorporated a city March 4, 1837, when it contained a population of 4,170. Its growth has since been marvellous. A great fire occurred Oct. 9 and 10, 1871, by which the city was almost destroyed. More than $200,000,000 worth of property was consumed, and 100,000
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Child, David Lee 1794-1874 (search)
Child, David Lee 1794-1874 Abolitionist; born in West Boylston, Mass., July 8, 1794; graduated at Harvard College in 1817: was later admitted to the bar. In 1830 he was editor of the Massachusetts journal, and while holding a seat in the legislature opposed the annexation of Texas; afterwards he issued a tract on the subject entitled Naboth's Vineyard. In 1836 he published ten articles on the subject of slavery, and in the following year, while in Paris, addressed a memoir to the Societepour l'abolition d'esclavage. He also forwarded a pamphlet on the same subject to the Eclectic review in London. In 1843-44 he edited (with his wife) the Anti-slavery standard in New York. He died in Wayland, Mass., Sept. 18, 1874.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chisolm, William Wallace 1830- (search)
Chisolm, William Wallace 1830- Jurist; born in Morgan county, Ga., Dec. 6, 1830; settled in Kemper county, Miss., in 1847. In 1858 he was made chief-justice of the peace; in 1860-67 was probate judge; and subsequently was sheriff for several terms. During the Civil War he was a strong Unionist, and this fact made him an object of suspicion to the Confederate authorities. Early in 1877, John W. Gully, a Democrat, was murdered near Judge Chisolm's house, and Judge Chisolm and several of his Republican friends were arrested. Later the jail was broken into by a mob, one of whom shot Judge Chisolm's young son John. Thereupon the judge immediately killed the assassin with a gun that had been left by a faithless guard. The cry was now raised, Burn them out. Believing that the jail had been set on fire Judge Chisolm descended the stairs with his family, who had accompanied him to the jail. As soon as he appeared the crowd opened fire upon him, and he fell mortally wounded. His da
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Choctaw Indians, (search)
t. On Jan. 3, 1786, a treaty was made with the leaders of the nation, of the same purport and upon the same terms as that made with the Cherokees the previous year. As early as 1800, numbers of them went beyond the Mississippi, and in 1803 it was estimated that 500 families had emigrated. They served with the United States troops in the second war with England and in that with the Creeks, and in 1820 they ceded a part of their lands for a domain in what is now the Indian Territory. In 1830 they ceded the rest of their lands and joined their brethren west of the Mississippi, where the Chickasaws joined them. In 1861 they had a population of 25,000, with 5,000 negro slaves. They were seduced into an alliance with the Confederates in the Civil War, and disaster befell them. They lost an immense amount of property, and their numbers, including the Chickasaws, were reduced to 17,000. Slavery was abolished, and part of their lands was forfeited for the benefit of the freedmen.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cholera, Asiatic (search)
Cholera, Asiatic Described by Garcia del Huerto, a physician of Goa, about 1560, appeared in India in 1774, and became endemic in Lower Bengal, 1817; gradually spread till it reached Russia, 1830; Germany, 1831; carrying off more than 900,000 persons on the Continent in 1829-30; in England and Wales in 1848-49, 53,293 persons; in 1854, 20,097. First death by cholera in North America, June 8, 1832, in Quebec. In New York, June 22, 1832. Cincinnati to New Orleans, October, 1832 (very severe throughout the United States). Again in the United States in 1834, slightly in 1849, severely in 1855, and again slightly in 1866-67. By the prompt and energetic enforcement of quarantine it was prevented from entering the United States in 1892. The German steamship Moravia reached New York Harbor Aug. 31, having had twenty-two deaths from cholera during the voyage. The President ordered twenty days quarantine for all immigrant vessels from cholera-infected districts, Sept. 1. On Sept. 3, t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cleveland (search)
Cleveland The most important port of Ohio, on Lake Erie, was named after (Gen. Moses Cleaveland, director of the Connecticut Land Company, who arrived at the present site of Cleveland, July 22, 1796, and began the settlement at the mouth of Cuyahoga River. In 1800 the population was only 7; in 1810 it was 57; 1820, 150; 1830, 1,075; 1840, 6,071; 1850, 17,034. In 1854, Ohio City, on the opposite bank of the river, was united with Cleveland, and in 1860 the population of the united cities was 43,838; in 1870. 92,829; 1880, 159,404; 1890, 261.353; 1900, 381,768.
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