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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 222 222 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 56 56 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 56 56 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1 34 34 Browse Search
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison 30 30 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1 30 30 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 24 24 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 22 22 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 19 19 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 15 15 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison. You can also browse the collection for 1830 AD or search for 1830 AD in all documents.

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John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 1: introduction (search)
the citizens of Pompeii were recorded by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. It happened that a period of this kind passed over the United States between the years 1830 and 1865. There is nothing to be found in that epoch which does not draw its significance, its interest, its permanent power from the slavery question. There is t war was no accident. It was involved in every syllable which every inhabitant of America uttered or neglected to utter in regard to the slavery question between 1830 and 1860. The gathering and coming on of that war, its vaporous distillation from the breath of every man, its slow, inevitable formation in the sky, its retreatssibilities-all of them governed by some inscrutable logic — and its final descent in lightning and deluge;--these matters make the history of the interval between 1830 and 1865. That history is all one galvanic throb, one course of human passion, one Nemesis, one deliverance. And with the assassination of Lincoln in 1865 there
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 2: the Background (search)
e country emerged from the War of the Revolution in the shape of a new and glorious Birth of Time — a sample to all mankind? Had it not survived the dangers of the second war with Great Britain? And what then remained for us except to go forward victoriously and become a splendid, successful, vigorous, and benevolent people? Everything was settled that concerned the stability of our form of government. The future could surely contain nothing except joyous progress. The Americans of 1820-30 expounded the glorious nature of their own destiny. They challenged the casual visitor to deny it; and became quite noted for their insistence upon this claim, and for their determination to secure the acknowledgement of it by all men. At the bottom of this nervous concern there was not, as is generally supposed, merely the bumptious pride and ignorance of a new nation. There was something more complex and more honorable; there was an inner knowledge that none of these things were true.
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 3: the figure (search)
questions have been patiently analyzed, after economics and sociology have had their say,the trouble with the American of 1830 was that he had a cold heart. Cruelty, lust, business interest, remoteness from European influence had led to the establinterested in the case, and secured Garrison's release by paying the fine of one hundred dollars. This was in the spring of 1830. Thus it may be seen that at the time that Garrison returned to Boston and established his Liberator (1830-31) he was t1830-31) he was twenty-five years old, a consummate controversialist, and the apostle of a new theory — Immediate Emancipation, for which he had already suffered imprisonment. The world has no terrors for a man like this. Anti-slavery action did not begin with Garrison. There had been Anti-slavery societies for fifty years before him; there existed in 1830 perhaps a hundred and fifty of them, many of them being in the slave states. But the new movement did not spring from these old societies. It was milit
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 4: pictures of the struggle (search)
haps even a superficially good record, is the very sort of association to attract respectable, rich, lazy, and conservative people. The Colonization Society in 1830 presented an extreme case of sham reform. It had been started in 1816 in Virginia, with the avowed object of transporting free negroes to Africa. It had been pusberator. He gave up his life to Anti-slavery, and is a fair example of the sort of man who came into existence, as if by miracle, when Garrison stamped his foot in 1830. The founding of Lane Seminary, at the gateway of the great West, was a part of this plan, to extend the influence of Orthodoxy, and Dr. Beecher, Rev. Lyman — nothing but shadow-characters, and feeble-natured persons on the stage. The occasion of May's conversion was Garrison's first Boston address, which was given in 1830 in Julien Hall, the hall being lent for the purpose by an association of avowed infidels. Garrison had but recently denounced the principles of these men; for at
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 5: the crisis (search)
Chapter 5: the crisis I have given the foregoing sketches almost at random, and, where possible, in the words of others, in order to call up the decade between 1830 and 1840 without myself feeling the responsibility of a historian, and without asking the reader to give a chronological attention. Facts often speak for themselves more truly, the less we explain them; and the philosophy of history is perhaps a delusion. It was between 1830 and 1840 that the real work of Garrison was done. At the beginning of that decade Abolition was a cry in the wilderness: at the end of it, Abolition was a part of the American mind. Garrison's occupation throughouAnti-slavery publications through the United States mails directed to adult white men in the South was, somehow, an atrocious outrage. The truth is that between 1830 and 1835, the element of passion was rising past the danger point, and running into something like insanity in the Southern mind. A madman believes his own logic,
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 6: Retrospect and prospect. (search)
work was accomplished before 1840. I shall content myself with a few observations which apply to the whole period between 1830 and 1860, and which are equally true of the agitational era and of the political era of the struggle. The spread of Anti-slavery sentiment was brought about through the doings of the Slave Power. From the time when the State of Georgia in 1830 offered a reward for the arrest of Garrison, till South Carolina seceded in 1860, the education of the North was due to the h, it struck the right of petition, trial by jury, education, benevolence, common sense. Slavery began its death agony in 1830, and was driven from one step to another merely as a consequence of the nature of man. If the South could have smiled at Aproofs of that age everywhere. He thinks of nothing else, he cares for nothing else. Thus the Abolitionists could see in 1830 what the average man could not understand till 1845--that the Slave Power was a Moloch which controlled the politics of th
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 7: the man of action (search)
from him, his control might be destroyed at any juncture. He is obliged, at intervals, to throw himself into the intrigue of Anti-slavery government, with the words of Moses on his lips and some vote-getting, hall-packing device in his mind. This was not true of the earliest years of the movement; but came about through the mighty logic of natural law as the movement spread. Persecution purifies any new religion. As the wave of persecution which had held the Abolitionists together from 1830 to 1837 began to subside, quarrels broke out. It was not until 1850 when the triumph of the Slave Power in the passage of the Compromise Bill, gave rise to a new and short persecution, that the Anti-slavery people enjoyed again a short period of unity and peace. The inevitable quarrels over creed and dogma set in in 1839. Anti-slavery developed a complex and bitter political activity. This is the epoch of mutual proscriptions. The purity of the faith is ever at stake, New Organization is
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 10: foreign influence: summary (search)
en abolished by the popular will. The United States Constitution of 1789 could never have been adopted by the Southern States had it not contained clauses protecting slavery. Slavery was in the blood of our people. During the thirty years, from 1830 to 1860, while the system was being driven out of the blood of our people through the power of the New Testament, there grew up a natural illusion, that the whole matter was one of municipal law. In reality the matter was one of influence, in whioltages of electrical shock through humanity. It is plain that all this conductivity to the ideas of Abolition was a part of Abolition. The sensitiveness of the South to criticism was also a part of Abolition. There began, therefore, in about 1830, a course of shuttling passion, which seems ever to repeat itself and to run upon a circuit. A wave of criticism from the North arouses violent opposition at the South: this awakens the North to new criticism. As the result of each reaction the
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Epilogue (search)
asp. Before, however, speaking of the future, we must look back once more upon the discouraging side of life in America — on the decay of learning. From an external point of view, the Antislavery epoch can be very simply seen as the epoch during which America was returning to the family of European nations from the exile which her connection with slavery had imposed upon her. The struggle over slavery while it lasted left her citizens neither time nor attention for general education. In 1830, we found ourselves isolated and it took us thirty years of work to break down the barriers between ourselves and the modern world. The intellect and passion of the country was given up during this time to a terrible conflict between prophetic morality on the one hand and the unprofitable sophistries of law, politics and government on the other. Our attitude towards Europe was unintelligent; our experience in ideas (other than prophetic ethics and Constitutional Law) was nil. The consequenc
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Index (search)
th, 50, 51; in history, 61, 62; J. Q. Adams and, 91, 92; in 1830 and 1840, 97; an accepted fact, Io3; really a servile upriszed by G. in London, 246, 247. Anti-Slavery societies in 1830, 47, 48; overslaughed by Abolition, 48; 123, 134, 135, 15I,, 191; 7. Cobden, Richard, 251. Colonization Society of 1830, 63 ff.; a sham reform, 63; destroyed by G., 65, 66; 244. f slavery and its relation to the history of the U. S. from 1830 to 1860, 6; the strongest man in America, 7; his influence gs George Thompson to U. S., 92; his real work done between 1830 and 1840, 97 if., 136, 137; his methods, 98, 99, 192 ff.; a5. Slavery in the U. S., question of, overshadowing from 1830 to 1865, 2 if.; from G.'s point of view, 6, 7; a sleeping sphlet, 87,88; J. Q. Adams and, 91; death agony of, began in 1830, 137; and Freedom, nature of contest between, 143; Lincolnadvocated, 155, 156. United States, slavery question in, 1830 to 1865, 2 f., 6, 7; state of, 1850 to 1860, 01, 11; a slav