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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 259 259 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 58 58 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 36 36 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 31 31 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 20 20 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 18 18 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1 18 18 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 18 18 Browse Search
Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 18 18 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 16 16 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1832 AD or search for 1832 AD in all documents.

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Honibal's as it is sometimes called from the purchaser of the right, is very similar to Trotman's (which see), the latter being an improvement upon Porter's, with some modifications in the shape of the flukes and their horns. Lenox's improvement (1832-39) consisted in an improved mode of welding, and in rounding off the sharp edges and lines; also in reducing the size of the palms, the object being to obtain a stronger anchor and prevent injury to the cable. Rodgers's anchor. Rodgers's aonstant temperature. The springs which supply the King's Bath, at Bath, England, have a temperature of 117°, and the spring of Orense, in Gallicia, has a temperature of 180° Fah. The artesian Brine-well of Kissingen, in Bavaria, was begun in 1832, and in 1850 water was reached at 1,878 feet. The depth reached by farther boring was about 2,000 feet. The water has a temperature of 66° Fah., and issues at the rate of 100 cubic feet per minute. The ejecting force is supposed to be derived fro
(Scotch). h, granite ball of Michelette le Grand. i, granite ball of Michelette le Petite. j, Mallet's iron bomb (English). k, to s, English elongated iron projectiles. t, 68-pound ball (1841). u, Liege, French, 1,000-pound ball (1832). v, Beelzebub and Puritan, American, 1,100-pound ball (1866). w, Rodman, American, 450-pound ball (1866). Can′non-cast′ing. The molds for brass cannon are formed by wrapping a long taper rod of wood with a peculiar soft rope, over the spring in the barrel G and the train of gearing E D. Chalk-line reel. A spindle or barrel on which a chalk-line is wound. See chalk-line. Chal′lis. (Fabric.) An elegant dress article of silk warp and worsted yarn; introduced in 1832. It is made on a principle similar to the Norwich crape; only thinner and softer, and having a pliable and clothy dress instead of a glossy surface. Cham′ber. 1. The place where a charge of powder is lodged in a fire-arm, cannon, mine, o
egraphy. In 1825, Mr. Sturgeon, of London, discovered that a soft iron bar, surrounded by a helix of wire, through which a voltaic current is passed, becomes magnetized, and continues so as long as the current is passing through the wire. In 1832, Baron Schilling constructed a model of a telegraph which was to give signals by the deflection of a needle to the right or left. One great practical difficulty was still to be overcome, the resistance of the transmitting wire to the comparativon and substitute for itself a fresh and powerful one. This is an essential condition to obtaining useful mechanical results from electricity itself, where a long circuit of conductors is used. — Prescott, History of the Electric Telegraph. In 1832, Professor Morse began to devote his attention to the subject of telegraphy; and in that year, while on his passage home from Europe, invented the form of telegraph since so well known as Morse's. A short line worked on his plan was set up in 1
r engines, like the modern garden syringe, being used in France and Germany, and credited to Duperrier and Leupold respectively. The Newsham engine was improved from time to time, retaining its main features, and was still in use in London till 1832, when it was superseded by a more compact form, which was adapted to be drawn by horses, and from this period dates the efficient fire-brigade system of London. Barton's engine. Newsham's fire-engine was a side-brake doublecylinder enginellers, the hairs are displayed and thus laid over a straight edge. The knives are fixed radially to a rotating disk, and shear past the straight-edge, severing the hairs with nearness to the skin determined by the set of the machine. Williams, 1832, has a frame with a series of parallel knife-edges presented upwardly. Over them is a block carrying an oblique knife which makes a shear cut upon the fixed knives in succession. Flint's fur-cutting knife, 1837, has an edge on one jaw and a cu
614 The box-girder or box-beam d d has a double vertical web. It is stated by Rankine to have been long employed in the platforms of blast-furnaces, and to have been first used in railway bridges by Thomson, on the Pollok and Gowan Railway, in 1832. Figs. 2228 and 2229 are forms of arched girders for bridges. The former has for an arc a flanged iron beam and tension trussing in panels. The arch of the latter is formed of upper and lower concentric iron arcs connected by diagonal and radlutions in one plane, designated as fixity or persistence of the plane of rotation, may be farther illustrated by the tendency of a trundling hoop or rotating top to remain upright, and by the directness of flight of rotating projectiles. About 1832, Professor W. R. Johnston, of Philadelphia, devised an instrument which he termed a rotoscope, for illustrating this principle. He also showed the effect of rotary motion in overcoming the force of terrestrial gravity by the device shown at B, Fi
lf, as shown at B, which consists of a frame around which are wound several hundred feet of fine copper wire. The needles are mounted on the same axis, one within and one without the coil, and the outer one is exterior to the dial-plate of the telegraph. Following the discovery of Oersted, Ampere in 1820 suggested that the needle moved by the galvanic current should be used for conveying signals, and the idea was elaborated in lectures by Ritchie in 1830. Baron Schilling, in Russia, in 1832, contrived a complicated instrument on this principle, in which a separate circuit and needle was employed for each letter and numeral, 36 needles being employed, each being excited by a current of electricity as the occasion required. Cooke and Wheatstone's indicator-telegraph, patented June 12, 1837, is the most prominent and best example of this class of instruments, and is generally used in England. America and the continent of Europe employ the much superior system of Professor M
(Music.) A Turkish musical instrument, having a hollow body, a skin covering, and five strings. Kutch. (Gold-beating.) The packet of vellum leaves in which gold is placed to be beaten. The package of gold-beater's skin in which goldleaf is placed for the second beating is called the shoder. After the second beating, the pieces are cut up and re-arranged in gold-beater's skin, the package being called a mold. Ky′an-iz-ing. Named from Kyan, the inventor of the process (1832). To prevent the decay of wood, cordage, or canvas, it is saturated with a solution of corrosive sublimate in open tanks or under pressure. The timber is prepared as follows: A wooden tank is put together so that no metal of any kind can come in contact with the solution when the tank is charged. The solution consists of corrosive sublimate and water, in the proportion of 1 pound of corrosive sublimate to 10 gallons of water as a maximum strength, and 1 pound to 15 gallons as a minimum, a<
ile in hight. Shells of 1,000 pounds are said to have been thrown into the citadel of Antwerp, 1832, when it was taken by the French in the war of the Revolution, 1830-32. Mortars are constructe32. Mortars are constructed with a chamber of smaller diameter than the bore, for containing the charge of powder, which is poured in loose. Thin, tapering slips of wood, termed splints, are used for fixing the shell accurateeight yards in the ground on its fall. The monster mortar employed by the French at Antwerp in 1832 had a total length of 4 feet 11 inches; its outside diameter was 39 1/2 inches; caliber, 24 1/2 iMuntz's Met′al. An alloy for plates for sheathing the bottom of ships. Patented in England in 1832. It resembles several previously patented alloys, all of which were designed to be rolled while purpose stated. See the following; also table on page 61. Kier, 1779.Collins, 1800.Muntz, 1832. Copper5455.550, 60, 63 Zinc4044.450, 40, 37 Iron5.4 Mu′ral Cir′cle. An astronomical in<
a screen with fans; and John Ames, of Springfield, Mass., introduced a wire cylinder for the purpose of cleansing rags. 1832. James Sawyer, of Newbury, Vt., invented a piston pulpstrainer; John Ames, a sizing-machine. 1852. G. W. Turner, Londonsed considerable ingenuity in the application of new forms and in developing the elasticity. His patents were in 1830 and 1832. Mordan's oblique pen, English patent, 1831, was designed to present the nibs in the right direction while preserving wch stroke, and the drag of the bit as the plane is drawn back is prevented. Planes. An American plane, patented in 1832, has a thumbscrew on the top iron, which moves two lateral pins fitting in grooves in the sides of the plane. The plane-bph Clement of London is illustrated and described on page 157 et seq., Vol. XLIX., Report of Society of Arts for the year 1832. The inventor, in his communication to the society, says that he aimed to do with this machine for straight surfaces all
nited States; the first was made at the same shops for the South Carolina Railway. The second locomotive on the Baltimore and Ohio Railway was built by James in 1832. It had a sparkarrester. It was the first to use four eccentrics. Its life terminated by explosion. Baldwin, of Philadelphia, made a locomotive, Old Ironside the joints, two keys were inserted. At intermediate points a single key sufficed. Serivenor's wrought-iron railway-chairs were made by rolling and pressing in 1832. The bar is run between rollers, on each passage receiving a form more nearly approximating that of the chair. The bar is then cut into sections by shears. The acting longitudinally on its stem. Ro′ta-scope. An instrument on the principle of the gyroscope, invented by Professor W. R. Johnston of Philadelphia, about 1832. See gyroscope. Rot′ten-stone. A soft, brown mineral, found in Derbyshire, England, and used as a polishing material. It is composed of alumina, 86; car
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