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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 280 280 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 72 72 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 42 42 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 28 28 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 26 26 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 21 21 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3 21 21 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 19 19 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 18 18 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 18 18 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1841 AD or search for 1841 AD in all documents.

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the operation of forming a nose upon the face. The Tagliacozzian operation. See Rhinoplastic pin. Ana-static En-grav′ing and Printing. Invented by Wood in 1841. An engraving or other printed sheet is moistened with dilute phosphoric acid, and pressed on to a clean surface of zinc, which is etched thereby in the place notular-cylinder steam-engine. Annu-lar-cyl′in-der Steam′--en-gine. A form of direct-acting steam-engine invented by Maudslay, England, and patented by him in 1841. It consists of fixed inner and outer cylinders, between which is an annular steam space a, occupied by a piston c. This piston has two rods, d d, which pass thronished in 1838, having an equatorial, transit, and clock. The High School Observatory of Philadelphia was furnished in 1840. The West Point Observatory about 1841. The Tuscaloosa Observatory in 1843. The Washington Observatory about 1844. The Georgetown, D. C., Observatory in 1844. The Cincinnati Observatory in 1<
e agglutinated, and thus form larger articles, such as walking-canes, Kortright's English Patent, 1841. Artificial baleen is made in Germany, and consists of rattans impregnated with a strong blackzontal axis so as to obtain the requisite direction of motion without intermediate gearing. In 1841, Whitelaw obtained a patent for an improvement, in which the horizontal arms assumed the form of r molasses to seventy gallons of water. This formed a soluble saccharate of lime. Warrington, 1841, employed carbonate of ammonia. Ba-tiste′. (Fabric.) a. A very fine, white, thick linen cred mill-boards about 1831. Caoutchouc backs to account and other heavy books were introduced in 1841. The rolling machine of William Burr (England) was substituted for the beating-hammer about 1830superseded the paper known in England as boards in 1823. India-rubber backs were introduced in 1841. Tortoise-shell sides in 1856. Three fine specimens of old bookbinding are in the collectio
ette le Grand. i, granite ball of Michelette le Petite. j, Mallet's iron bomb (English). k, to s, English elongated iron projectiles. t, 68-pound ball (1841). u, Liege, French, 1,000-pound ball (1832). v, Beelzebub and Puritan, American, 1,100-pound ball (1866). w, Rodman, American, 450-pound ball (1866). ails in 1816. Mr. Reed, of the same State, followed with another machine for the same purpose. Walter Hunt's double-reciprocating nail-machine was introduced in 1841. See nail. Corliss cut-off. Cut-off. The term is applied to that mode of using steam or other elastic fluid in which it is admitted to the cylinder durinfriction-roller which is struck by the cam, causing the lifters d to operate the valves. The swinging toes drop when the cam passes them. In Stevens's cut-off, 1841 (Fig. 1568), a rotary shaft a is placed between the upper and lower steam-chests b b, and has two lifters c d placed on opposite sides of its center, which alterna
h side of a piston. In Sir James C. Anderson's (English patent, No. 11,273), two cylinders open at the ends are placed end to end. A web of gun-cotton is fed to cylinders alternately and ignited by electric spark. Johnson's British patent of 1841 proposed to introduce pure hydrogen gas and oxygen instead of atmospheric air, in order that the water, the resultant of the explosion, might render the vacuum practically perfect. Otto and Langen's gas-engine is an upright hollow column, havint. The graving-dock of the Navy Yard at Brooklyn measures 350 feet in length within the caisson-groove, and the main chamber is 98 feet in breadth at the top. The width of entrance is 68 feet, and the depth of water 26 feet. It was commenced in 1841, and completed in 1851. Great difficulty was experienced in its execution, occasioned mainly by the softness of the foundations; upwards of 8,000 piles, varying from 25 to 40 feet in length, having been employed in the work, which is stated to ha
known substances. It has been used for forming the tips of gold pens. The alloy of iridium and osmium, called iridosmine, is the hardest of all alloys. It forms the point of the everlasting pen, made by Hawkins of England, and is ground by diamond-dust. Ir-i-dos′mine. An alloy of iridium and osmium. The hardest of all known alloys. Iris-cope. An instrument contrived by Dr. Reade for exhibiting the prismatic colors. Sir David Brewster describes it in the Phil. Trans. for 1841 as a plate of polished black glass, having its surface smeared with a solution of soap and dried by wash — leather. On breathing through a tube upon the glass, the vapor is deposited in brilliant colored rings. Iris-diaphragm. I′ris—dia-phragm. (Optics.) A contractile diaphragm, simulating the action of the natural iris, to regulate the size of the aperture in a microscope through which light passes. I′ron. 1. The most useful and abundant of the metals. Equivalent,
the action of long-continued currents of low tension. (Phil. Trans., Vol. CXXVII. pp. 37 – 45.) Shore, 1840, used a solution of nitrate of nickel in one compartment of battery, and weak sulphuric acid and zinc in the other, for deposition of nickel. An alloy of nickel and tin made by melting under borax and glass was used for coating iron plates by Richardson and Braithwaite, 1840. The alloy was applied melted, as in tinning iron. Alfred Smee made an electro deposition of nickel in 1841. (Smee's Elements of Electro-Metallurgy.) Bottger, in the Journal fur Praktische Chemie, Vol XXX. p. 267, 1843, says that among all the salts of nickel the ammonio sulphate of protoxyde of nickel is especially useful in plating brass and copper, and is much superior to cyanide nickel of potash, as recommended by Ruolz. He proceeds at some length to state the effectiveness of the battery in producing a deposit of nickel on copper in half an hour, which would deflect the needle, and preser
stices being filled with pitch. Sand or ashes and tar was used in the foundation. Previous to 1841, a system of foundation-boards was exhibited in New York, and in 1841 the blocks were interlocked1841 the blocks were interlocked by notched shoulders. A pavement has been suggested, composed of iron perforated in such a manner as to afford a footing for horses, and to permit the sweepings to fall through upon a sub-pavement The permutation principle was introduced into tumbler-locks by Dr. Andrews of New Jersey, about 1841. The tumblers are capable of variable adjustment, and the key has a series of small shiftable st direction may be credited to the late Joseph Dixon of Jersey City, and to Lewis of Dublin, about 1841. Dixon's attempt was analogous to Poitevin's process, as described hereafter, and Lewis's was anarrels employed in that work. (See page 454, plate 45, in Buchanan's Practical essays, published 1841.) This is believed to have been the first instance in which iron was reduced to a plane surface w
h a sliding bottom, by which it was deposited in gavels. A dropper. 1840. Lamb A platform to receive the gavels and carry the binder. The first hand-binder. 1841. Churchill thrashed out the grain, the heads of grain being pushed into the thrasher-cylinder. 1842. Reed discharged the grain from the bed by rake-fingers proj revolving tower or turret, for offensive or defensive operations, was the work of Theodore R. Timby, of Saratoga, N. Y. The idea was conceived and a model made in 1841, caveated in 1843, and it was patented to him in 1862. The original model had a base, revolvingtower, and central lookout, and the specification of 1843 involve inventions in this line, see,-- Le Demour1732 Inverted Barker's mill Jorge-West.1816 Massachusetts centrifugal1818 and 1830 Blake1831 Andrews1839 Whitelaw1841 and 1846 Gynne1844 Bessemer1846 and 1851 Andrew1846 and 1850 Van Schmidt1846 Appold1848 See also centrifugal pump. Fig. 4467 is a (so-called) rotary p
ton and Archbold's English patent, No. 8,948 of 1841. This was some years after Walter Hunt's machin assistant. It is shown in Pitney's patent of 1841. b is a speculum of a favorite form found in tho this purpose was patented by James Coleman in 1841, and was successfully practiced in the ensuing engines and screws below water in war-vessels, 1841; large engines to work expansively at ordinary times, and with maximum power in action, 1841: concentrated fuel, working to petroleum?) 1841; iron 1841; iron hulls for war-vessels, 1841; wroughtiron rifled gun, 1841; the Armstrong lead-coated elongated shot,1841; wroughtiron rifled gun, 1841; the Armstrong lead-coated elongated shot, 1841; concentrated protection, a central battery, a belt of armor at the water line, and a shell-pr1841; concentrated protection, a central battery, a belt of armor at the water line, and a shell-proof deck, 1843 to 1854; protecting the hull by immersion to fighting-draft by means of water let int woodengraver, of New York, who made casts (1839-41) from woodcuts, some engravings being printed fr Blackwall Railway of 6 1/2 miles was opened in 1841, and the cars were drawn by a wire rope passing[4 more...]
bing, hose, etc., on the principle of Tatham's American machine for making lead pipe, patented in 1841. In 1846, Mr. James Reynolds, of New York, invented a machine for covering iron wire with indid between the rollers, and discharged on to a straight mandrel, smaller than the bore. Cutler, 1841 (g h i k n o p). Russell Whitehouse, 1842 (g l p). The skelp, bent into an oval form, was plac was invented by Theodore R. Timby, of Saratoga, N. Y. The idea was conceived and a model made in 1841, caveated in 1843, patented in 1862. Tar-kiln. The tower of that time consisted of a cylind :— Type Setting and Distributing Machines. No.Name.Date. 2,139.Young and DelcambreJune22, 1841. 3,257.RosenborgSeptember9, 1843. 4,313.HenningDecember16, 1845. 7,738.BeniowskiOctober29, 185See also the following English patents :— No.Date.No.Date. 395, of1714.306, of1869. 9,204, of1841.997, of1869. 9,745, of1843.3,699, of1869. 10,939, of1845.3,234, of1870. 868, of1854.918, of187