er when we know that Dante could be an active, clear-headed politician and a mystic at the same time.
Various dates have been assigned to the composition of the Vita Nuova. The earliest limit is fixed by the death of Beatrice in 1290 (though some of the poems are of even earlier date), and the book is commonly assumed to have been finished by 1295; Foscolo says 1294.
But Professor Karl Witte, a high authority, extends the term as far as 1300.
Dante Alighieri's lyrische Gedichte, Leipzig, 1842, Theil II. pp. 4-9. The title of the book also, Vita Nuova, has been diversely interpreted.
Mr. Garrow, who published an English version of it at Florence in 1846, entitles it the Early Life of Dante.
Balbo understands it in the same way.
Vita, p. 97. But we are strongly of the opinion that New Life is the interpretation sustained by the entire significance of the book itself.
His next work in order of date is the treatise De Monarchia. It has been generally taken for granted that Dan
ch predestination makes all the personages puppets and disenables them for being characters.
Wordsworth seems to have felt this when he published The Borderers in 1842, and says in a note that it was at first written . . . . without any view to its exhibition upon the stage.
But he was mistaken.
The contemporaneous letters of Cwas followed in the same year by the volume of Ecclesiastical Sketches.
His subsequent publications were Yarrow Revisited, 1835, and the tragedy of The Borderers, 1842.
During all these years his fame was increasing slowly but steadily, and his age gathered to itself the reverence and the troops of friends which his poems and red upon him the degree of D. C. L. In 1839 Oxford did the same, and the reception of the poet (now in his seventieth year) at the University was enthusiastic.
In 1842 he resigned his office of StampDis-tributor, and Sir Robert Peel had the honor of putting him upon the civil list for a pension of £ 300. In 1843 he was appointed