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al counties of the district, and in later letters discusses the system of selecting candidates, where the convention ought to be held, how the delegates should be chosen, the instructions they should receive, and how the places of absent delegates should be filled. He watched his field of operations, planned his strategy, and handled his forces almost with the vigilance of a military commander. As a result, he won both his nomination in May and his election to the Thirtieth Congress in August, 1846. In that same year the Mexican War broke out. Hardin became colonel of one of the three regiments of Illinois volunteers called for by President Polk, while Baker raised a fourth regiment, which was also accepted. Colonel Hardin was killed in the battle of Buena Vista, and Colonel Baker won great distinction in the fighting near the City of Mexico. Like Abraham Lincoln, Douglas was also elected to Congress in 1846, where he had already served the two preceding terms. But these r
Daniel Webster, Secretary of State, for the United States, fixing the boundary of Maine on the north, freeing navigation of the St. John's River, confirming land in disputed territory to those in possession, and allowing Maine and Massachusetts compensation for territory given up, to be paid by the United States......Aug. 9, 1842 Edward Kavanagh, acting governor in the place of Governor Fairfield, elected United States Senator......March 3, 1843 Act restricting sale of liquors......August, 1846 Nathan Clifford appointed Attorney-General......Dec. 23, 1846 Law enacted establishing a State board of education......1846 Death at Hallowell, of Nathan Read, inventor, the first man to apply for a patent before the patent law was enacted......Jan. 20, 1849 State insane hospital at Augusta burned. Twenty-seven inmates and one assistant perish in the flames......Dec. 4, 1850 Maine law, an act to prohibit drinking-houses and tippling-shops, passed in May, approved by the go
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilmot, David 1814-1868 (search)
Wilmot, David 1814-1868 Jurist; born in Bethany, Pa., Jan. 20, 1814; began the practice of law in 1834; was member of Congress from 1845 to 1851; presiding judge of the 13th (Pennsylvania) district from 1853 to 1861; and was in the United States Senate, to fill a vacancy, from 1861 to 1863. He was temporary chairman of the committee of the convention at Chicago that nominated Mr. Lincoln for the Presidency. In August, 1846, while a bill authorizing the President of the United States to expend $3,000,000 in negotiations for peace, with Mexico, by purchase of territory, was pending in the House of Representatives, Wilmot moved (Aug. 8) to add an amendment, That, as an express and fundamental condition to the acquisition of any territory front the republic of Mexico by the United States, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory. This proviso was adopted by the House, but it failed of final action. It was the basis of the organizatio
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Margaret Fuller Ossoli, Chapter 14: European travel. (1846-1847.) (search)
t struck a traveler at the outset than what was afterwards added to his knowledge. Nothing tests one's habits of mind and independence of character like the first glimpse of a foreign country; and it must be remembered that Europe was far more foreign to Americans forty years ago than to-day. Omitting a few preliminary passages, the note-book goes on as follows, being here printed precisely as it is written; the exact dates being rarely given in it, but the time being the latter part of August, 1846, and thenceforward:-- Went to the Paradise-street chapel to hear James Martineau. His over-intellectual appearance. His conservative tendencies, liberality only in spots. Mr. Ireland, a most liberal man, a devout reader of the Dial. His early record of Waldo [Emerson]. Delight at seeing these impressions confirmed by the stand he has taken since. Mr. Ireland, declining all stimulants on the most ultra ground, takes four or five strong cups of tea, which he does not need.--Monda
Mary Thacher Higginson, Thomas Wentworth Higginson: the story of his life, V: the call to preach (search)
and the desirableness of being associated with a special set of young men. These views were reinforced by a strong appeal from his class to rejoin them. He heard the class exercises when his special friends, Johnson, —whom he calls my young hero and prophet,— Longfellow, and O. B. Frothingham were graduated, and Johnson's oration on this occasion had a profound effect upon him. He felt a strong desire to speak himself on next Visitation Day on the Relation of the Clergy to Reform. In August, 1846, Higginson had a long talk with Dr. Francis, then dean of the school, about reentering his class, which resulted in a letter to the Faculty of Theology, applying for readmission. In this the writer, speaking of himself in the third person, explains his reason for withdrawal—the need of perfect freedom:— This freedom might have been destructive to others: it was the breath of life to him. He has now built up a Credo for himself, whose essential and leading points are so strong and
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 33: the national election of 1848.—the Free Soil Party.— 1848-1849. (search)
mportance of electing a Congress and President who could be trusted to exclude slavery forever from the newly acquired territory. It had been long a scheme of the slaveholders to extend their power to the Pacific Ocean, though the wiser heads among them shrank at the last from an extension which might after a struggle leave them relatively weaker. The purpose of Polk's Administration to acquire territory from Mexico was manifested early in the war, and even before. The President, in August, 1846, signified to Congress that a cession from Mexico was a probable mode of concluding peace, and with that purpose in view called for two millions of dollars. An appropriation bill being reported in the House, Wilmot of Pennsylvania moved, August 8, an amendment, known afterwards as the Wilmot Proviso, prohibiting slavery forever in the territory to be acquired. It passed the House with the general support of both Northern Whigs and Democrats, but a vote was prevented in the Senate by the
Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe, Florence Howe Hall, Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, in two volumes, with portraits and other illustrations: volume 1, Chapter 6: South Boston 1844-1851; aet. 25-32 (search)
I have one at last, for I have been many months without any instrument, so that I have almost forgotten how to touch one.... My mourning [for a sister-in-law] has been quite an inconvenience to me, this summer. I had just spent all the money I could afford for my summer clothes, and was forced to spend $30 more for black dresses.... The black clothes, however, seem to me very idle things, and I shall leave word in my will that no one shall wear them for me.... To the same Bordentown, August, 1846. ... Sumner and Chev came hither with us, and passed two days and nights here. Chev is well and good. Sumner is as usual, funny but very good and kind. Philanthropy goes ahead, and slavery will be abolished, and so shall we. New York is full of engagements in which I feel no interest. John Astor and Augusta Gibbs are engaged, and are, I think, fairly well matched. One can only say that each is good enough for the other. These were the days when Julia sang in her nursery: Rero,
Margaret Fuller, Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli (ed. W. H. Channing), chapter 4 (search)
med to make both sharers of the whole horizon of each others' and of all truth, did not yet make her false to any other friend; gave no title to the history that an equal trust of another friend had put in her keeping. In this reticence was no prudery and no effort. For, so rich her mind, that she never was tempted to treachery, by the desire of entertaining. The day was never long enough to exhaust her opulent memory; and I, who knew her intimately for ten years,—from July, 1836, till August, 1846, when she sailed for Europe,—never saw her without surprise at her new powers. Of the conversations above alluded to, the substance was whatever was suggested by her passionate wish for equal companions, to the end of making life altogether noble. With the firmest tact she led the discourse into the midst of their daily living and working, recognizing the good — will and sincerity which each man has in his aims, and treating so playfully and intellectually all the points, that one se<
e division of the town. Mr. Underwood died in office March 4, 1840. Among the few things inherited by the new town of Somerville was the Milk Row schoolhouse, the oldest school structure on our soil, dating from 1819, and valued at $650. Among other things that fell to us were a few teachers and some of the trustees. Miss Burnham, in point of service, was the oldest of the former, having been first elected to a Charlestown school in the spring of 1836. She remained with us until August, 1846. Up to that time this was an unprecedented term of service within our borders. She received a salary of $210. Somerville benefited by the experience of two old trustees, Guy C. Hawkins and Alfred Allen, who were elected members of our first school board. We may believe that the policy of our schools, at least for a few years, was much the same as before 1842. With the growth of the town, Miss Burnham's school increased from fifty-one, the number in 1842, to 101 pupils when she left
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book I:—the American army. (search)
ca de la Palna, tries in vain to cover the passage of the Rio Grande. The American artillery is the first to attack it; the regular dragoons charge and disperse it; and finally the infantry drives it into the stream in the midst of the greatest disorder. The Mexican army, completely disorganized, sought refuge in the interior, where it suffered the most terrible privations before it could reach the quiet and wealthy districts where it could reorganize. Nevertheless, a few months later (August, 1846) the important city of Monterey, which they had left behind with a feeble garrison, was able to repel for two whole days, while inflicting heavy losses upon the assailants, all the attacks of those regular troops, accustomed to victory in an open field, whatever might be the numerical force of the Mexicans. The armistice which the commander, Ampudia, obtained, for the purpose of evacuating the city, when he found himself threatened with famine, was an homage paid to the courage of his so
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