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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Advance on Monterey-the Black Fort-the battle of Monterey-surrender of the City (search)
ee small detached works, armed with artillery and infantry. To the south was the mountain stream before mentioned, and back of that the range of foot-hills. The plaza in the centre of the city was the citadel, properly speaking. All the streets leading from it were swept by artillery, cannon being intrenched behind temporary parapets. The house-tops near the plaza were converted into infantry fortifications by the use of sand-bags for parapets. Such were the defences of Monterey in September, 1846. General [Pedro de] Ampudia, with a force of certainly ten thousand men, was in command. General Taylor's force was about six thousand five hundred strong, in three divisions, under Generals [William O.] Butler, Twiggs and Worth. The troops went into camp at Walnut Springs, while the engineer officers, under Major [Joseph] Mansfield — a General in the late war-commenced their reconnaissance. Major Mansfield found that it would be practicable to get troops around, out of range of