The battle between Slavery and Freedom had been waxing hotter with every debate during the spring of 1854.
On the 22d of June, Mr. Rockwell, of Massachusetts, presented the following memorial, numerously signed, chiefly by the citizens of Boston, and moved its reference to the Committee on the Judiciary:
To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress assembled: The undersigned, men of Massachusetts, ask for the repeal of the Act of Congress of 1850, known as the Fugitive Slave Bill.
Mr. Sumner spoke on the reference of the memorial two days later.
We extract portions of his remarks:
Mr. President: I begin by answering the interrogatory propounded by the Senator from Tennessee [Mr. Jones]. He asks, Can any one suppose that, if the Fugitive Slave Act be repealed, this Union can exist?
To which I reply at once, that if the Union be in any way dependent on an Act—I cannot call it a law—so revolting in every regard as that to which he refers
operty, real and personal, do the Free States excel the Slave States.
According to the census of 1850, the value of property in the Free States was $4,102,162,098, while in the Slave States it was $2he asserted property in human flesh, $2,505, 186,446, or $4.59 per acre.
Thus in five years from 1850 the valuation of property in the Free States received an increase of more than the whole accumulated valuation of the Slave States in 1850.
Looking at details, we find the same disproportions.
Arkansas and Michigan, nearly equal in territory, were organized as States by simultaneous Acts of Caccumulated valuation of all the Slave States, deducting the asserted property in human flesh, in 1850, was only $1,655,945,-- 137; but the valuation of New York alone, in 1855, reached the nearly equ1,285,279. The valuation of Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and Texas, altogether, in 1850, deducting human flesh, was $559,224,920, or simply $1.96 per acre,—being less than that of Massa