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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 250 250 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 146 146 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 51 51 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 50 50 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 31 31 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 26 26 Browse Search
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 25 25 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 20 20 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies 19 19 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3 19 19 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1852 AD or search for 1852 AD in all documents.

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uld be effected by the gases dislodged from decomposing chalk and other calcareous substances confined in an air-tight vessel. Dr. John North's apparatus for impregnating water with carbonic acid was invented in 1775. Between the years 1807 and 1852 thirty-one English patents were granted for apparatus and methods for preparing aerated water, and fifteen patents for vessels to hold such waters, and for methods for bottling. The most common beverage is Carbonic Acid Water, generally spoken ofrigerates the incoming air so as to reduce its bulk, for the sake of getting a partially condensed volume for the supply of the air-pump. A writer in the English Encyclopaedia states the Ericsson experiments as follows: — In the summer of 1852 two of Ericsson's caloric engines were at work in a factory at New York; and as newspaper paragraphs frequently appeared, presenting most favorable accounts of the working of these engines, arrangements were planned for building a ship of 1000 ton
-director, as its name indicates, for training and exercising the hands, for giving them facility and command in playing music. It was invented by Professor John Bernard Logier, a native of Germany, and resident of London, England, who died about 1852. Patented in England about 1812. It consists of the position-frame, to keep the hands from wandering; the finger-guides, two movable brass frames each having five divisions; and the wristguide, to preserve the proper position of the wrist. usion. A piston to eject water in desired quantities from the water reservoir into the infusion. Various arrangements of coffee-pots, of lampheated pots, and urns, may be seen in Webster and Parkes's Encyclopedia of domestic economy, London, 1852, pp. 711 – 716. Cof′fee-pulp′er. A machine for treating the coffee fruit by removing the pulp and the envelope of the seeds. See coffee-machinery. Coffee-Roasters. Cof′fee-roast′er. Two objects are attempted to be secured in c
s front, and the light may be directed in a horizontal are of 180°. Two lamps are used alternately, the carbon-points lasting four hours. Expense, twenty cents per hour. E-lec′tric log. An electric circuit through the log-line to the detent of an escapement in the register-log, so that by touching a key on deck a circuit may be completed, an armature attracted, and thus the starting and stopping of the mechanical register in the log be exactly timed. See log. E-lec′tric loom. In 1852 an electric loom was exhibited by Bonelli at Turin. The invention was at that time in a crude state, but has since been much improved. The object is to dispense with the perforated cards required in the Jacquard apparatus. For this purpose, an endless band of paper covered with tin-foil is used, on which the required pattern is traced with a varnish, rendering the parts thus covered nonconducting. This band is caused to pass under a series of thin metallic teeth, each connected with a s
system is that of Farmer and Channing, American patent of May 19, 1857. Mr. Channing first devoted his attention to this subject in 1845, and published several articles that year attempting to show its feasibility. In 1848, Mr. M. G. Farmer invented a method of ringing bells by electricity, and in an experimental trial that year the bell in the tower of Boston City Hall was rung by an operator in New York. In 1851, Boston appropriated money to build a fire-alarm telegraph, and early in 1852 the line was completed, put in operation, and proved a success. That system is still in use, the improvements being in the mechanical devices for carrying it into effect. It comprised a central station, a series of signalboxes at suitable intervals over the city connected in one or more circuits to the central station, and a series of alarm-bells connected to the central office on another circuit. The signal-boxes contained a circuit-breaking wheel, having upon its periphery cogs or
plane when free from the influence of disturbing forces. It is susceptible of various forms. The earliest, probably, was that of Laplace, for illustrating the precession of the equinoxes. The principle involved is that of Galileo's second law of motion, that a body actuated by several forces moves in the direction of their resultant. Gyroscopes. Several centuries back the Italian academicians noticed the apparent displacement of the plane of vibration of the pendulum. Foucault (1852) first connected this fact with the diurnal motion of the earth, which he illustrated by means of a pendulum (see pendulum) and a gyroscope contrived by him. Bohnenberger's (1765-1831) apparatus (A, Fig. 2350) consists of a disk or sphere suspended in gimbals, which are mounted in a ring supported on a stand. The interior ball and ring may be set at any angle with the outer one, and rotation imparted by a string, when it will be found strongly to resist any attempt to turn it from the p
rod passing through the whole. These had a tendency to swell out at the center under pressure, breaking or injuring the material. To remedy this defect, Spencer, 1852, 1853, formed the rubber rings of the shape which they would assume under pressure, and surrounded them with an annulus of iron. These have been used as buffer, bts. (See also car-spring.) Eaton, 1856, employs alternate thin plates of rubber and metal, adapted for springs of great resistance and little flexibility. Hodge, 1852, patented a compound spring composed of a block of rubber inclosed in a two-part casing, the upper part surrounding the lower, and rising or falling according to the amount of compression of the rubber placed on each end of a steel spring. Scott, 1852, blocks of rubber placed over the center of a steel spring. Bridges, 1857, employs wooden instead of iron surrounding rings to confine the rubber blocks, and dispenses with the central rod. Fuller, above referred to, employs for suspension s
s. The Mississippi was discovered by De Soto, 1542, and explored at its upper end by Father Marquette and M. Joliet about 1672. M. La Salle traversed its whole length in 1677, and De Iberville was the first to enter it from the sea. The dikes of Holland are marvelous, and are referred to under dike, draining (which see). The Haarlem Lake is one of the latest recoveries from the sea. It was 15 miles long and 7 broad, and was drained by embanking and pumping, the work being completed in 1852. Three steam-engines were employed for several years. (See pumping-engine; also pages 116, 739.) It is now proposed to inclose and pump out the Zuyder Zee, a part of which was once habitable but was overwhelmed by a storm which tore down the dikes. It has been calculated that nearly nine hundred thousand acres have been gained in the Netherlands by diking and draining. The province of Zealand consists of islands washed by the sea on their western coasts, and separated by the many channel
eously stopped. Peters's Micropantograph. Micro-pan′to-graph. An instrument invented in 1852 by Mr. Peters, an English banker and microscopist, for minute writing. It consists of an uprightr microscopes long preceded their application to telescopes. Sir David Brewster exhibited one in 1852 which was made of rock crystal, and was found among the ruins of Nineveh. The refractive power838, and especially after the construction of the lenticular stereoscope by Sir David Brewster in 1852, the idea naturally occurred of applying this principle to microscopes. This was first effected Duty of best engine, from Browne, 1855101.4 Pittsburg high-pressure non-condensing engines, 1852: — Upper Water-Works19.9 Lower Water-Works19.1 Allegheny City19.2 Detroit17.3 To which ent when the means employed to bring it into work is removed. In the example, Guild's machine, 1852, a is the shaft, having a fly-wheel b; when the sliding wrist c is over the axis of oscillation o
c acid more perfectly than a coating of gold deposited in the same time. Parkes, 1845, melted an alloy of nickel with a flux for coating metal plates. Junot, 1852, alloyed silicum, titanium, tungsten, etc., with nickel for electro deposition. Thomas, 1854, used ferro-cyanide of potassium and nitromuriatic acid to obtain a can readily be measured by a micrometer. For farther details with regard to Nobert's plates, the reader may consult F. Nobert in Poggendorff's Annalen, Bd. 58, 1852. The treatises of Carpenter and Harting on the Microscope, and a number of papers published in the Quarterly journal of Microscopical science, and the Monthly Micblet washer, which has a portion to turn up against the nut, and a farther portion which may be turned down against the object, if desired. d2 is the Nicholson (1852) bolt with a semi-spherical bearing surface, and nut made to suit. e2 is Adam's wedge-formed washer (1856). f2 has a right and left double-ended screw-bolt.
n pulpstrainer; John Ames, a sizing-machine. 1852. G. W. Turner, London, England. Improved mode Brown and Macintosh, English patent 14,131 of 1852, describes a mode of making paper and articles d of the earliest photolithographic process, in 1852, that of Lemercier, Barreswill, and Lerebours, ery country until displaced by collodion, about 1852 or 1853. M. Fizeau, by the application of a solal article is but little known. Fox Talbot, in 1852, first made the attempt to turn his and Becquern the photo-engraving process of Fox Talbot, in 1852, he prepared a metallic plate with a thin coatiibed in the Journal of the Franklin Institute, 1852, page 412 et seq. The green leaves are used in n of fat, graphite, sulphur, and alum. 41 of 1852. Cuttings of india-rubber burned and mixed witnumbers and years of the patents:— 34,283 of 1852. Layers of flax, asbestus, and wool, placed ale sheet, was invented by Mr. Archer of England, 1852, and he received £ 4,000 from Parliament for hi[2 more...]
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