h of art. His vast outline and grand, but mild and undefined, proportions, liken him to a huge mass of granite, torn, in some convulsion of nature, from a mountain's side, which any effort of the chisel would only disfigure, and which no instrument in the sculptor's studio could grasp or comprehend.
In 1855, during the rage of Know-Nothingism, he declared his opposition to the American Party, and stated the grounds of his objection, at Versailles, in one of his most forcible speeches.
In 1856 he removed to Chicago.
He complained that there was not room in Kentucky—that he had always been crowded.
He determined to fix his home by the bright waters of the lake, in the young and rising city of the West.
But his stay was not long.
He returned to Kentucky in August of the same year that he had left it, in order to manage a law-suit of great importance.
While in Lexington his friends, understanding that he was opposed to the election of Buchanan to the presidency, literally forced
s he soon expanded into his celebrated wind and current charts and sailing directions.
These charts completely revolutionized commerce, said the Secretaries of the Navy (in their annual reports for the years 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855 and 1856), and have not only saved millions of dollars to those who go down to the sea in ships, but have added glory and honor to his country.
A calculation of the amount saved to the commerce of the United States by shortening the voyages fifteen days b year whales (sperm or right) may be found.
The observations of one whaleman would necessarily be limited, but this arrangement of Maury enables him to profit by the experience of thousands of others.
[See report of Committee on Naval Affairs in 1856.] Besides these there were Maury's Pilot Charts, his isothermal charts, &c., which are of incalculable value.
In 1853 the Government of the United States invited all the European nations to meet Maury in a meteorological conference at Brussels.