ow such teachers were appointed, and Carter explains.
He says, No standard of attainments is fixed at which these female teachers must arrive before they assume the business of instruction, so that any one Keeps school (which is a very different thing from teaching school), who wishes to do it and can persuade, by herself or her friends, a small district to employ her.
Professor Francis Bowen
Memoir of Edmund Dwight, by Francis Bowen.
Barnard's Journal of Education, Vol.
IV, p. 14, September, 1857. of Harvard, writing fifty years ago of the common school system of New England, said that at this time—the early thirties—it had degenerated into routine, it was starved by parsimony.
Any hovel would answer for a schoolhouse, any primer would do for a text-book, any farmer's apprentice was competent to keep school.
George H. Martin, the present secretary of the Board of Education, and therefore a successor of Horace Mann, in his book which has become a standard, The Evolution of