count the ages of history, is separated from our own by a social and intellectual chasm as broad almost as the lapse of a thousand years. In the lifetime of a single generation the people of the South have been called upon to pass through changes that the rest of the world has taken centuries to accomplish.
The distance between the armor-clad knight at Acre and the embattled farmers at Lexington is hardly greater than that between the feudal aristocracy which dominated Southern sentiment in 1860, and the commercial plutocracy that rules over the destinies of the nation to-day.
Never was there an aristocracy so compact, so united, so powerful.
Out of a population of some 9,000,000 whites that peopled the Southern States, according to the census of 1850, only about 300,000 were actual slaveholders.
Less than 3,000 of thesemen owning, say, over 100 negroes each, constituted the great planter class, who, with a small proportion of professional and business men affiliated with them
nnot be got rid of.
My father, Judge Garnett Andrews, was a Georgian, a lawyer by profession, and for nearly thirty years of his life, judge of the Northern Circuit, holding that office at the time of his death in 1873.
He was stoutly opposed to secession, but made no objection to his sons' going into the Confederate army, and I am sure would not have wished to see them fighting against the South.
Although he had retired from public life at the time, he was elected to the legislature in 1860 under rather unusual circumstances; for the secession sentiment in the county was overwhelming, and his unwavering opposition to it well known.
He did his best to hold Georgia in the Union, but he might as well have tried to tie up the northwest wind in the corner of a pocket handkerchief.
The most he could do was to advocate the call of a convention instead of voting the State out of the Union on the spot.
I shall never forget that night when the news came that Georgia had seceded.
Some idea of the poverty and distress to which our people were reduced as a result of the war may be gathered from the fact that the aggregate wealth of Georgia, estimated at the last census before the war, was in round numbers ,000,000, and at the next census after the war this valuation had fallen to ,000,000.
At present (1907), after forty-five years of struggle and effort, the estimated wealth of the Empire State of the South still falls short by some ,000,000 of what it was in 1860.
Aug. 27, Sunday
The bolt has fallen.
Mr. Adams, the Methodist minister, launched the thunders of the church against dancing, in his morning discourse.
Mr. Montgomery wanted to turn his guns on us, too, but his elders spiked them.
I could not help being amused when Mr. Adams placed dancing in the same category with bribery, gambling, drunkenness, and murder.
He fell hard upon wicked Achan, who caused Israel to sin, and I saw some of the good brethren on the amen benches turn their