Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for April 12th, 1861 AD or search for April 12th, 1861 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Doubleday, Abner, 1819-1893 (search)
Doubleday, Abner, 1819-1893 Military officer; born in Ballston Spa, N. Y., June 26, 1819; graduated at West Point in 1842; Abner Doubleday. served in the artillery in the war with Mexico; rose to captain in 1855; and served against the Seminole Indians in 1856-58. Captain Doubleday was an efficient officer in Fort Sumter with Major Anderson during the siege. He fired the first gun (April 12, 1861) upon the Confederates from that fort. On May 14 he was promoted to major, and on Feb. 3, 1862, to brigadier-general of volunteers. In Looker's corps, at the battle of Antietam, he commanded a division; and when Reynolds fell at Gettysburg, Doubleday took command of his corps. He had been made major-general in November, 1862, and had been conspicuously engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. He was brevetted brigadier-general and major-general of the United States army in March, 1865; was commissioned colonel of the 35th Infantry in September, 1867; and was r
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
d as the envoy of the United States, inasmuch as before that time Washington would be captured, and the capital of the nation and the archives and muniments of the government would be in the possession of the Confederates. In full accordance also with this threat, it was declared by the rebel Secretary of War, at Montgomery, in the presence of his chief and of his colleagues, and of 5,000 hearers, while the tidings of the assault on Sumter were travelling over the wires on that fatal 12th of April, 1861, that before the end of May the flag which then flaunted the breeze, as he expressed it, would float over the dome of the Capitol at Washington. At the time this threat was made the rebellion was confined to the cotton-growing States, and it was well understood by them that the only hope of drawing any of the other slave-holding States into the conspiracy was in bringing about a conflict of arms, and firing the heart of the South by the effusion of blood. This was declared by the C
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garrard, Kenner 1830-1879 (search)
Garrard, Kenner 1830-1879 Military officer; born in Cincinnati, O., in 1830; graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1851; was taken prisoner by the Confederates while on frontier duty in Texas, April 12, 1861, and paroled until exchanged in August, 1862; served with marked distinction through the remainder of the war, taking part in many important actions, including that of Blakely, which place was captured by his command; was brevetted major-general, U. S. A., Nov. 9, 1866. He died in Cincinnati, O., May 15, 1879.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
e of Louisiana seizes the bullion in the New Orleans mint, $536,000, for the Confederate government......March 7, 1861 John Forsyth, of Alabama, and Martin J. Crawford, of Georgia, present credentials as commissioners of the Confederate States to the Secretary of State......March 12, 1861 He declines official intercourse with them......March 15, 1861 Gen. P. T. G. Beauregard summons Fort Sumter to surrender......April 11, 1861 Fire opened on Fort Sumter on the morning of......April 12, 1861 [First gun fired by Edmund Ruffin, a Virginian, seventy-five years of age.] Fort Sumter surrenders on......Sunday, April 14, 1861 President by proclamation calls for 75,000 troops, and convenes Congress for July 4......April 15, 1861 Governor of North Carolina refuses to furnish quota of militia (two regiments) to the United States......April 15, 1861 Forts Caswell and Johnston, of North Carolina, taken possession of by State troops......April 16, 1861 Ordinance of sece
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Carolina, (search)
Secretary of the Treasury......Feb. 21, 1861 State convention called by the legislature, Dec. 17, 1860, revises the State constitution, which goes into effect without being submitted to the people for ratification......April 8, 1861 Governor Pickens's demand for the surrender of Fort Sumter being refused by Major Anderson, Jan. 11, and also by the Secretary of War, Feb. 6, the Civil War is opened by a shell fired from the howitzer battery on James Island at 4.30 A. M. Friday.......April 12, 1861 Fort Sumter evacuated by Major Anderson......April 14, 1861 United States steam-frigate Niagara begins the blockade of Charleston Harbor, May 11; captures the English ship General Parkhill......May 13, 1861 Governor Pickens proclaims that all persons remitting money to pay debts due in the North are guilty of treason......June 6, 1861 James M. Mason, of Virginia, and John Slidell, of Louisiana, leave Charleston on the Confederate steamer Theodora for Europe to represent the C
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
......Oct. 18, 1859 He is hung at Charleston, Va.......Dec. 2, 1859 Governor Letcher calls an extra session of the legislature, which orders a convention......Jan. 13, 1861 Convention rejects an ordinance of secession, 89 to 45......April 4, 1861 It chooses three commissioners to ask of the President his policy towards the Confederate States......April 4, 1861 First shot at Fort Sumter from Stevens's battery, fired by Edmund Ruffin, of Virginia, at his earnest request......April 12, 1861 Virginian commissioners present their credentials to the President......April 13, 1861 President answers the commissioners, refusing to acknowledge the Confederate States......April 15, 1861 Governor Letcher refuses to furnish troops at the call of the President......April 16, 1861 Virginia State convention passes a secession ordinance, 88 to 55, subject to a vote of the people......April 17, 1861 Governor Letcher by proclamation recognizes the Confederacy......April 17, 1