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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Going to the front: recollections of a private — I. (search)
sed to the captain to chip in and hire a team to carry our equipments. Such was my first experience in war harness. Afterward, with hardened muscles, rendered athletic by long marches and invigorated by hardships, I could look back upon those days and smile, while carrying a knapsack as lightly as my heart. That morning my heart was as heavy as my knapsack. At last the welcome Federal Hill, Baltimore. From a sketch made on the day of the occupation by General Butler. On the 27th of April, 1861, General B. F. Butler was assigned to the command of the Department of Annapolis, which did not include Baltimore. On the 5th of May, with two regiments and a battery of artillery, he moved from Washington to the Relay House, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, 7 miles from Baltimore, at the junction of the Washington branch. He fortified this position, and on the 13th entered Baltimore and occupied and fortified Federal Hill, overlooking the harbor and commanding the city. On the 15
Doc. 175.-Proclamation of President Lincoln. Raising of the blockade of the Port of Alexandria, Virginia. A Proclamation.By the President of the United States. whereas, in my Proclamation of the twenty-seventh of April, 1861, the ports of the States of Virginia and North-Carolina were for reasons therein set forth, placed under blockade; and, whereas, the port of Alexandria, Virginia, has since been blockaded, but as the blockade of that port may now be safely relaxed, with advantage to the interests of commerce; now, therefore, be it known that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, pursuant to the authority in me vested by the fifth section of the Act of Congress, approved on the thirteenth of July, 1861, entitled An Act further to provide for the collection of duties on imports, and for other purposes, do hereby declare that the blockade of the said port of Alexandria shall so far cease and determine from and after this date; that commercial intercourse
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 13: the siege and evacuation of Fort Sumter. (search)
ilence mortified the insurgents, for they longed for the glory of victory after resistance. A contemporary poet sang:--The morn was cloudy, and dark, and gray, When the first columbiad blazed away, Showing that there was the devil to pay With the braves on Morris Island; They fired their cannon again and again, Hoping that Major, Anderson's men Would answer back, but 'twas all in vain, At first, on Morris Island. From The Battle of Morris Island: a “Cheerful Tragedy,” in Vanity Fair, April 27, 1861, It had been plainly seen by Anderson and his officers that the barbette and area guns could not be used, if all the batteries of the insurgents should open upon the fort at the same time. Fort Sumter was armed at this time with fifty-three effective guns. Of these, twenty-seven were mounted en barbette, twenty-one were in the lower tier of casemates, and five were on the parade. The embrasures of the second tier of casemates had been filled with masonry. One of the guns on the
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 22: the War on the Potomac and in Western Virginia. (search)
States), and opposing the advance of National troops, both from Northwestern Virginia and from Pennsylvania, by whom it was threatened. Major-General McClellan was throwing Indiana and Ohio troops into that portion of Virginia; and Major-General Robert Patterson, a veteran of two wars, then at the head of the Department of Pennsylvania, When the war broke out there were only two military departments, named respectively the Eastern and the Western. By a general order issued on the 27th of April, 1861, three new departments were created, namely, the Department of Washington, Colonel J. K. F. Mansfield, Commander; the Department of Annapolis, Brigadier-General B. F. Butler, Commander; and the Department of Pennsylvania, Major-General Robert Patterson, Commander. was rapidly gathering a large force of volunteers at Chambersburg, in that State, under General W. H. Keim. General Patterson comprehended the wants of the Government, and while the National Capital was cut off from commun
never been seriously questioned. But by whom may it be suspended? And with what effect? That Congress should authorize the suspension, was generally held by the early and esteemed commentators: but suppose Congress not in session — nay, suppose no Congress to be in existence — when a great and imminent public peril shall require such suspension — what then? To this question, no conclusive answer had been given, when, at the very outbreak of the Rebellion, the President authorized. April 27, 1861. Gen. Scott to suspend the privilege of habeas corpus, if, at any point on or in the vicinity of the military line which is now or which shall be used between the city of Philadelphia and the city of Washington, you fined resistance which renders it necessary. A similar discretion was soon afterward May 2. accorded to our commander on the Florida coast; the authority conferred on Gen. Scott was soon extended; July 2. it was next made Sept. 24, 1862. general so far as it<
gh. I have reported you to General Scott, and here is your order to report to him forthwith, and here is a pass for you to go, and if you don't go by the next train, I will send you under guard. Good-morning, sir. And as long as General Scott had anything to do with the army, Colonel Keyes was not Field Marshal. Among the orders that came to me from Scott, was one creating the military department of Annapolis. It read as follows:-- War Department, Adjutant-General's office, April 27, 1861. A new military department to be called the Department of Annapolis, headquarters at that city, will include the country for twenty miles on each side of the railroad from Annapolis to the city of Washington, as far as Bladensburg, Maryland. Brigadier-General B. F. Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers, is assigned to the command. L. Thomas, Adjutant-General. So I was again out of the shadow of West Point. There are one or two episodes which enlivened the routine of superintending
When the Massachusetts agent sent to Mr. Stetson for his bill against that State, he received the following reply: Astor House, New York, April 27, 1861. Gov. Andrew, Massachusetts. dear Sir:--The Astor House has no charge for feeding Massachusetts troops. Yours, respectfully, Stetson & Co. --Tribune.
46. under the Washington Elm, Cambridge, April 27, 1861. by Oliver Wendell Holmes. I. Eighty years have passed, and more, Since under the brave old tree Our fathers gathered in arms, and swore They would follow the sign their banners bore, And fight till the land was free. II. Half of their work was done, Half is left to do-- Cambridge, and Concord, and Lexington! When the battle in fought and won, What shall be told of you? III. Hark! 'tis the south wind moans-- Who are the martyrs down?-- Ah, the marrow was true in your children's bones, That sprinkled with blood the cursed stones Of the murder-haunted town! IV. What if the storm-clouds blow? What if the green leaves fall? Better the crashing tempest's throe, Than the army of worms that gnawed below; Trample them one and all! V. Then, when the battle is won, And the land from traitors free, Our children shall tell of the strife begun When Liberty's second April sun Was bright on our brave old tree!
, Colonel 1st Connecticut Regiment, D. 105; Doc. 245 ----, Corporal, incident of his experience at Baltimore, P. 109 John, notice of, D. 4 president of the Peace Convention, D. 17 his residence Hampton, Va., D. 78 secession flag taken from the house of, D. 91 Robert, D. 26 Tyng, Stephen H., D. D., D. 73, 94; Doc. 263 Tyrone, Pa., Union meeting at, D. 27; military of, leave for Harrisburg, D. 28 U Underwood, —, Lieutenant, D. 7 Under the Washington Elm, Cambridge, April 27, 1861, P. 33 Union meeting, at N. Y. Doc.-- committee of finance Doc. 93 Union Defence Committee of New York, Doc. 319 United North, Southern opinions of, D. 54 United States, prosperous condition of, in 1860, Int. 5; Constitution of, a suitable basis for that of the Southern Confederacy, D. 6; fast-day in the, D. 10; the fleet of, off Charleston, D. 21; is the government of, tyrannical? Int. 22; list of conspiracies against, P. 25; vessels of the navy of, provided wi
's Secretary for Foreign Affairs, that the fact of his having held interviews with the Commissioners of this Government had given great dissatisfaction, and that a protraction of this relation would be viewed by the United States as hostile in spirit, and to require some corresponding action accordingly. In response to this intimation, Her Majesty's Secretary assured the Minister that he had no expectation of seeing them any more. By proclamation, issued on the nineteenth and twenty-seventh of April, 1861, President Lincoln proclaimed the blockade of the entire coast of the Confederacy, extending from the Potomac to the Rio Grande, embracing, according to the returns of the United States Coast Survey, a coast line of three thousand five hundred and forty-nine statute miles, on which the number of rivers, bays, harbors, inlets, sounds, and passes, is one hundred and eighty-nine. The navy possessed by the United States for enforcing this blockade was stated, in the reports communica
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