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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
on the subject, the Executive Department provided such prisoners as fell into their hands with proper quarters and barracks to shelter them, and with rations the same in quantity and quality as those furnished to the Confederate soldiers who guarded these prisoners. They also showed an earnest wish to mitigate the sad condition of prisoners of war, by a system of fair and prompt exchange — and the Confederate Congress co-operated in these humane views. By their act, approved on the 21st day of May, 1861, they provided that all prisoners of war taken, whether on land or at sea, during the pending hostilities with the United States, shall be transferred by the captors from time to time, and as often as convenient, to the Department of War; and it shall be the duty of the Secretary of War, with the approval of the President, to issue such instructions to the Quartermaster-General and his subordinates as shall provide for the safe custody and sustenance of prisoners of war; and the ratio
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 5: invasion of Virginia. (search)
s telegram is to be found in the fact that he had changed his plan of offensive operations. He had reversed his former purposes and now proposed to fight the first battle with the army around Washington, while the army of Patterson should make the feint, to prevent a junction of Johnston's army with that of Beauregard's at Manassas. General Sanford, who commanded the State troops of New York, was the senior officer at that time on duty in Washington; and at two o'clock on the morning of May 21, 1861, with eleven thousand men first invaded Virginia and took possession of Arlington Heights and the adjacent section as far as Alexandria. The Department of Virginia was created, and General Irvin McDowell was selected by the Washington Cabinet to command it. Up to that time it is said General Scott did not want anything done on the Virginia side of the Potomac except to fortify Arlington Heights. He was piqued and irritated that the Cabinet should have sent McDowell into Virginia, an
ps quartered in Baltimore. Poor Maryland! The North has its heel upon her, and how it grinds her I pray that we may have peaceful secession. May 17th, 1861. Still quiet. Mrs. J., Mrs. B., and myself, sat at the Malvern windows yesterday, spying the enemy as they sailed up and down the river. Those going up were heavily laden, carrying provisions, etc., to their troops. I think if all Virginia could see their preparations as we do, her vote would be unanimous for secession. May 21st, 1861. Mr.-- has returned. Yesterday evening we rode to the parade-ground in Alexandria; it was a beautiful but sad sight. How many of those young, brave boys may be cut off, or maimed for life! I shudder to think of what a single battle may bring forth. The Federal vessel Pawnee now lies before the old town, with its guns pointing towards it. It is aggravating enough to see it; but the inhabitants move on as calmly as though it were a messenger of peace. It is said that an undefended,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 23: the War in Missouri.-doings of the Confederate Congress. --Affairs in Baltimore.--Piracies. (search)
, to seize and detain all arms, munitions of war, provisions, and other supplies, on their way toward States in which rebellion existed — in other words, establishing a blockade of the Mississippi and the railways leading southward from Kentucky--the Confederates forbade the exportation of raw cotton or cotton yarn, excepting through seaports of the Confederate States, under heavy penalties, expecting thereby to strike a heavy blow at manufactures in the Free-labor States. Act approved May 21, 1861. By an order of John H. Reagan, the so-called Postmaster-General of the Confederates, caused by an order of Postmaster-General Blair for the arrest of the United States postal service in States wherein rebellion existed, after the 31st of May, the postmasters in those States were ordered to retain in their possession, after the 1st of June, for the benefit of the Confederate States, all mail-bags, locks and keys, marking and other stamps, and all property connected with the postal service
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 24: the called session of Congress.--foreign relations.--benevolent organizations.--the opposing armies. (search)
sh ports. France took the same ground, and the rule was applied equally to the parties in conflict. Already an understanding existed between the British Government and the French Emperor, that they were to act together in regard to American affairs. They had even gone so far as to apprise other European governments of this understanding, with the expectation that they would concur with them, and follow their example, whatever it might be. Letter of Secretary Seward to Minister Adams, May 21, 1861. Thus, at this early stage of our difficulties, these two professedly friendly powers had clandestinely entered into a combination for arraying all Europe on the side of the insurgents, and giving them moral, if not material aid, in their efforts to destroy our Republic. This action of a professedly friendly power, from whom the American people felt that they had reason to expect the kindest consideration on all occasions, seemed almost inexplicable to them, for they had been taught by
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 1: effect of the battle of Bull's Run.--reorganization of the Army of the Potomac.--Congress, and the council of the conspirators.--East Tennessee. (search)
t Washington, and armies were contending along the borders of Bull's Run, the Third Session of the so-called Provisional Congress of the conspirators (who, as we have seen, had left the Senate-Chamber of the Capitol of Alabama, at Montgomery, May 21, 1861. wherein their Confederacy was formed) was commenced in the Capitol of Virginia, at Richmond, on the 20th of July. See page 547, volume I. There was a full attendance. The members assembled at noon, and were called to order by Howell Cobb,y belonging to an alien enemy; secondly, what was the character of such property, and what disposition had been made of any profit, interest, or rent accruing from the use thereof; thirdly, whether the citizen so questioned had, since the 21st day of May, 1861, been indebted to such alien enemy or enemies, and if so to what amount, and to what extent the debts had been discharged, and also to give the names of the creditors; fourthly, whether he knew of any property or interest belonging to such
129 436 212 777 Present, also, at Blackburn's Ford West Point; Savage Station; White Oak Swamp; Glendale; Malvern Hill; Po River. notes.--The Second Militia commenced recruiting for the war, April 15, 1861, and arrived at Washington, May 21, 1861. The regiment, having enlisted for three years, was subsequently designated as the Eighty-second Volunteers. It was stationed near the Capital until July 3d, when it crossed into Virginia, having been assigned to Schenck's Brigade of Tyler's Present, also, at West Point; White Oak Swamp; Malvern Hill; Glendale; Chantilly; Antietam; Fredericksburg; Gettysburg; Rappahannock Station; Mine Run; Fisher's Hill; Hatcher's Run; Sailor's Creek; Appomattox. notes.--Organized at Trenton, May 21, 1861. Arriving at Washington June 29th, it was assigned to the First Jersey Brigade, and during the following fall and winter was stationed in Virginia, near Fairfax Seminary. In April, 1862, the division — Franklin's — moved to Yorktown and join
cels, if such has been made, could only have convinced of the impropriety of retaining them. The boxes and bundles are all marked J. O. Bradford, Boston, Mass., and I most earnestly beg your Excellency will order their immediate delivery to some responsible person who will inform me where I may gain possession of my property. Begging a thousand pardons for the liberty taken, I am, very respectfully, Mrs. H. M. Bradford. To His Excellency Gov. Letcher. Executive Department, Richmond, May 21, 1861. Sir: I am instructed by the Governor to say, in answer to your favor of the 19th instant, that as it has pleased you to denounce your boy, and cast him from your care and protection, because of his fealty to Virginia, his Excellency is disposed to retain for his benefit the property to which you refer as being detained in Norfolk. I am, &c., S. Bassett French A. D. C. to the Governor of Virginia. To H. M. Bradford, No. 717 Arch street, Phil. Mrs. Bradford's reply to Gov. Letch
e, Who steadfast by thy cradle watched, And poured the ardent prayer. Thou shouldst not to her banded foes Have lent thy ready ear, Nor seen them desolate her joys Without a filial tear; Though all beside her banner-fold Had trampled down and rent, Thou shouldst have propp'd its shattered staff With loyalty unspent; Though all beside had recreant proved, Thou shouldst have stood to aid, Like Abdiel, dreadless seraph, Alone, yet undismayed. Who sleepeth at Mount Vernon, In the glory of his fame? Yet, go in silent infamy, Nor dare pronounce his name, For thou hast of their sacred force, His farewell counsels reft, And help'd to scatter to the winds The rich bequest he left; And in the darkest trial-hour, Forsook the endangered side, And, ere the cock crew thrice, thy true Discipleship denied. Oh! that the pitying Prince of Peace On thee his glance might bend, And from remediless remorse Preserve our long-loved friend. Hartford, Conn., May 21, 1861. --National Intelligencer, June 8.
oncession of their neutral rights, to our detriment, has, on more than one occasion, been claimed, in intercourse with our enemies, as an evidence of the friendly feeling toward them. A few extracts from the correspondence of Her Majesty's Chief Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, will suffice to show marked encouragement to the United States to persevere in its paper blockade, and unmistakable intimations that Her Majesty's government would not contest its validity. On the twenty-first of May, 1861, Earl Russell pointed out to the United States Minister in London that the blockade might no doubt be made effective, considering the small number of harbors on the Southern coast, even though the extent of three thousand miles were comprehended in terms of that blockade. On the fourteenth of January, 1862, Her Majesty's Minister in Washington communicated to his government that in extenuation of the barbarous attempt to destroy the port of Charleston by sinking a stone-fleet in
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