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Doc. 87.-Colonel Pegram's surrender.
July 12, 1861.
Gen. McClellan's report to Lieut.-Gen. Scott.
Headquarters, Beverly, Va., July 13, 1861. Col. E. D. Townsend, Washington, D. C.:--
I have received from Col. Pegram propositions for the surrender, with his officers and remnant of his command — say six hundred men. They are said to be extremely penitent, and determined never again to take up arms against the General Government.
I shall have near nine hundred or one thousand prisonour obedient servant, John Pegram, Lieutenant-Colonel P. A. C. S., Com'dg.
General McClellan sent the following reply by his Aide-de-Camp, Lieutenant Williams, United States Army:
Headquarters, Department of the Ohio, Beverly, Va., July 13, 1861. John Pegram, Esq., styling himself Lieutenant-Colonel, P. A. C. S.:
sir: Your communication dated yesterday, proposing the surrender as prisoners of war of the force assembled under your command, has been delivered to me. As commander of
Doc. 95.-General Polk's General order.
General order no. 1. Headquarters, Division No. 2, Memphis, July 13, 1861.
having been assigned to the charge of the defence of that part of the Valley of the Mississippi which is embraced within the boundaries of Division No. 2, I hereby assume command.
All officers on duty within the limits of said Divison will report accordingly.
In assuming this very grave responsibility, the General in command is constrained to declare his deep and long-settled conviction that the war in which we are engaged is one not warranted by reason or any necessity, political or social, of our existing condition, but that it is indefensible and of unparalleled atrocity.
We have protested, and do protest, that all we desire is to be let alone, to repose in quietness under our own vine and our own fig-tree.
We have sought, and only sought, the undisturbed enjoyment of the inherent and indefeasible right of self-government — a right which freemen can ne