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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Emancipation proclamations. (search)
t the government the person by whom his labor was claimed, that is, his owner, should forfeit all claims to such labor. The intent at the time this bill was passed was that it should be in force only tentatively, for few were then able to see what proportions the war would assume and what other measures would be found necessary to end it. General Fremont, then in command of the Western Department of the army, chose to assume that the confiscation act of Congress had unlimited scope, and Aug. 31, 1861, issued a proclamation confiscating the property and freeing the slaves of all citizens of Missouri who had taken, or should take, up arms against the government. This action of Fremont embarrassed President Lincoln greatly. For whatever may have been his hope that the outcome of the war would be the final abolition of slavery, he could not fail to see that to permit the generals of the army to take such a course then in this matter was rather premature. He accordingly wrote to Genera
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ug. 10, 1861 Kentucky and Tennessee constituted the Department of the Cumberland, under command of Gen. Robert Anderson......Aug. 15, 1861 President by proclamation forbids commercial intercourse with seceding States......Aug. 16, 1861 General Butler captures Forts Hatteras and Clark, at the entrance of Hatteras Inlet, with 715 prisoners, and twenty-five guns......Aug. 29, 1861 General Fremont proclaims martial law in Missouri, with freedom to the slaves of active rebels......Aug. 31, 1861 [This act was disapproved by the President.] General Grant assumes command of southeastern Missouri......Sept. 1, 1861 Advance of the Confederates into Kentucky, and capture of Columbus......Sept. 3-12, 1861 Paducah, Ky., occupied by General Grant......Sept. 6, 1861 Gen. George H. Thomas assigned to command at camp Dick Robinson, east Kentucky......Sept. 10, 1861 Siege and surrender of Lexington, Mo........Sept. 11-20, 1861 Bowling Green, Ky., occupied by the Confede