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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Responsibilities of the first Bull Run. (search)
ecting an attack which he shows General McClellan never had in his mind: In a previous chapter, the retreat of our army from Centreville has been described, and reference has been made to the anticipation of the commanding general, J. E. Johnston, that the enemy would soon advance to attack that position. This refers, I suppose, to a previous assertion ( Rise and fall, I., 462), my comments upon which prove that this anticipation was expressed in the Presidents letter to me, dated February 28th, 1862. He says ( Rise and fall, II., 83): The withdrawal of our forces across the Rappahannock was fatal to the [Federal] programme of landing on that river and marching to Richmond before our forces could be in position to resist an attack on the capital. This withdrawal was expressly to enable the army to unite with other Confederate troops to oppose the expected invasion. I supposed that General McClellan would march down the Potomac on the Maryland side, cross it near the mouth of
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 19: effort to effect exchange of prisoners-evacuation of Manassas-visit to Fredericksburg. (search)
y Albert Sidney Johnston. The Federal forces then organizing in front of Washington, under General George B. McClellan, and estimated to number one hundred thousand men, gave indication of active operations. General Johnston, in a personal interview in Richmond, gave notice that he considered his position as unsafe, and a withdrawal of the army from Centreville was necessary before McClellan's invasion; the latter accordingly addressed to him the following letter: Richmond, Va., February 28, 1862. General J. E. Johnston: Your opinion that your position may be turned whenever the enemy chooses to advance, and that he will be ready to take the field before yourself, clearly indicates prompt effort to disencumber yourself of everything which would interfere with your rapid movement when necessary, and such thorough examination of the country in your rear as would give you exact knowledge of its roads and general topography, and enable you to select a line of greater natural adv
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 8: the siege and capture of Fort Donelson. (search)
him. Enough is known, he said, of the surrender of Roanoke Island to make us feel that it was deeply humiliating. Of the disaster at Fort Donelsonl, he said: I am not only unwilling but unable to believe that a large army of our people has surrendered without a desperate effort to cut its way through the investing forces, whatever may have been their numbers, and to endeavor to make a junction with other divisions of the army. Message of Jefferson Davis to the Confederate Congress, Feb. 28th, 1862. A little later, in transmitting to his Congress the reports of Floyd and Pillow, he said they were incomplete and unsatisfactory. It is not stated, he said, that re-enforcements were at any time asked for; nor is it demonstrated to have been impossible to have saved the troops by evacuating the position; nor is it known by what means it was found practicable to withdraw a part of the garrison, leaving the remainder to surrender; nor upon what authority or principle of action the senio
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 21: slavery and Emancipation.--affairs in the Southwest. (search)
had captured millions of property belonging to American citizens. The most formidable and notorious of the sea-going ships of this character, were the Nashville, Captain R. B. Pegram, a Virginian, who had abandoned his flag, and the Sumter, Captain Raphael Semmes. The former was a side-wheel steamer, carried a crew of eighty men, and was armed with two long 12-pounder rifled cannon. Her career was short, but quite successful. She was finally destroyed by the Montauk, Captain Worden, Feb. 28, 1862. in the Ogeechee River. The appearance of the remains of the Nashville in the Ogeechee River is seen in the tail-piece on page 327. The career of the Sumter, which had been a New Orleans and Havana packet steamer, named Marquis de Habana, was also short, but much more active and destructive. She had a crew of sixty-five men and twenty-five marines, and was heavily armed. She ran the blockade at the mouth of the Mississippi River on the 30th of June, 1861. and was pursued some dista
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 15: capture of Fort Donelson and battle of Shiloh. (search)
r fifteen guns of much less range, than the firing of four such gun-boats with less experienced crews, upon these batteries at close quarters for one hour and a half, at various distances, and much less deliberation? In reference to the reconnoissance and the bombardment on the following day, Captain Morgan made the same statement to the officers on board the Carondelet on Sunday, the morning of the surrender. Newspaper correspondents on the action. The Missouri Republican of February 28th, 1862, has this report in its correspondence of the day before the battle: During the day much uneasiness was felt as to the gun-boat fleet. It was therefore with no little gratification that information was at last received about noon on Thursday, that the avant courier of the fleet, the Carondelet, Commander Walke, had arrived below the fort. In the afternoon the report of her guns was received with cheer upon cheer by the troops encircling the beleaguered fort. Commander Walke
ent, furnish a list of the casualties that happened to my division during the battle. Sincerely hoping the General may prove as fortunate in every battle he may have occasion to fight, I beg leave to congratulate him on his success in this one, and subscribe myself, Most respectfully, His very obedient servant, Lewis Wallace, General Third Division. The following is the congratulatory order of General Wallace: headquarters Third division, District of West-Tennessee, February 28, 1862. Soldiers of the Third Division: It was my good fortune to command you at the capture of Fort Donelson. Sickness has kept me from thanking you for the patience, endurance, courage, and discipline you showed on that occasion. The country, ringing with the glory of that victory, thanks you, and its thanks are indeed precious! You were last to arrive before the Fort; but it will be long before your deeds are forgotten. When your gallant comrades of the First division, having fire
rely satisfied with my conduct, and desired me not to mention the subject to the President. I was foolish enough to believe him, and acted accordingly. The following telegrams will aid in giving the true state of the case: Washington, Feb. 28, 1862. Gen. McClellan: What do you propose to do with the troops that have crossed the Potomac? E. M. Stanton, Sec. of War. To this I replied: Sandy Hook, Feb. 28, 1862. Hon. E. M. Stanton, Sec. of War: Your despatch received. I propFeb. 28, 1862. Hon. E. M. Stanton, Sec. of War: Your despatch received. I propose to occupy Charlestown and Bunker Hill, so as to cover the rebuilding of the railway, while I throw over the supplies necessary for an advance in force. I have quite men enough to accomplish this. I could not at present supply more. George B. McClellan, Maj.-Gen. Commanding. On the same day I telegraphed to the President as follows: It is impossible for many days to do more than supply the troops now here and at Charlestown. We could not supply a movement to Winchester for many
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Naval chronology 1861-1865: important naval engagements of the Civil war March, 1861-June, 1865 (search)
fed. craft on the Tennessee River between Fort Henry and Florence, Ala. February 10, 1862. Destruction of Confed. gunboats in the Pasquotank River, N. C., also of the Confed. battery at Cobb's Point, and the occupation of Elizabeth City by Federal forces from 14 gunboats, commanded by Commander Rowan. February 14, 1862. Foote, with 6 gunboats, attacked Fort Donelson, but was repulsed, the flag-officer being severely wounded. Federal loss 60 in killed and wounded. February 28, 1862. Confed. steamer Nashville ran the blockade of Beaufort, N. C., and reached the town. March, 1862. March 1, 1862. U. S. gunboats Tyler, Lieut. Gwin, commanding, and Lexington, Lieut. Shirk, on an expedition up the Tennessee River, engaged and silenced a Confed. battery at Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. March 6, 1862. U. S. ironclad Monitor, Lieut. Worden, sailed from New York for Fort Monroe. March 8, 1862. Destruction of the U. S. sloop-of-war Cumberland and
e Army of the Mississippi and fought at Shiloh under Withers. More regiments were sent to that army, and on June 27, the Army of Mobile was discontinued. Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers (U. S.M. A. 1835) was born in Madison County, Alabama, January 12, 1814, and resigned from the army in 1848. He entered the Confederate service and received an appointment as brigadier-general in July, 1861. He was promoted to major-general after the battle of Shiloh. From January 27th to February 28, 1862, he was in command of the Army of Mobile. He then had a division in the Second Corps, Army of the Mississippi, and also the Reserve Corps for a time, and passed into the Right Wing and Polk's Corps, Army of Tennessee. He resigned his commission July 13, 1863, but his rank was restored within a few days, after which he assumed various commands in Alabama. He surrendered at Confederate generals--no. 3 Arkansas Thomas Churchill commanded a division in the Army of the
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The relative strength of the armies of Generals Lee and Grant. (search)
I send that copy to you, in order that you may verify, by an examination of it, all my statements; and, if I appear a little prolix and tedious, I beg you to be patient, as I desire to show to you and your readers how officers of the United States army manufacture history. In the first column of the letter to the Tribune you will find a table of monthly returns for the Department of Northern Virginia, which is in the following words and figures: Department of Northern Virginia. February 28, 1862--February 28, 1865. date.Commander.for duty.present.present and absent. 1862--FebruaryJ. E. Johnston47,61756,39684,225  MayJ. E. Johnston[67,000]    JuneR. E. Lee[100,000]    JulyR. E. Lee69,55994,686137,030  AugustR. E. Lee[95,000]    SeptemberR. E. Lee52,60962,713139,143  OctoberR. E. Lee67,80579,395153,778  NovemberR. E. Lee73,55486,583153,790  DecemberR. E. Lee79,07291,094152,853 1863--JanuaryR. E. Lee72,22693,297144,605  FebruaryR. E. Lee58,55974,435114,175  
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