derates were much weaker.
The retreat from Norfolk was caused by a panic which sometimes seizes upon people, and leads them to do things at the moment for which they rebuke themselves when they come to their senses.
The re-occupation of Norfolk Navy Yard was a great convenience to the North Atlantic squadron, which had been obliged to send most of its vessels to Philadelphia and New York for repairs, and now the operations up the James River could be carried on more effectively.
On May 18, 1862, Flag-officer Goldsborough reports to the Department an engagement which took place on the James River between some gun-boats under Commander John Rodgers and a heavy battery on Drury's Bluff (a high point commanding a long reach of the river).
The vessels which attacked this stronghold were the iron-clad (so-called) Galena, Commander John Rodgers, the Monitor, Lieutenant W. N. Jeffers, and the unarmored steamers Aroostook, Port Royal and Naugatuck.
These vessels moved up the James